For some weeks now we have heard this general discussion regarding the manner in which the functions of parliament will be abrogated if we pass this legislation delegating the authority of parliament to some organization outside of parliament to do something that parliament wants to have done. The whole question comes back to this: Do we or do we not desire to provide means by which the primary producers in this country may get together to work out methods by which they shall get the ultimate value of the product they produce? My right hon. friend has read at length from the report of a royal commission presented I understand to the British parliament in 1932. He states that the British government has accepted the principle laid down in the report as the basis upon which future legislation might be enacted. I have before me the act finally passed by the parliament of Westminster on the 18th of July, 1933, dealing in the main with the very question that this house is now dealing with or has been trying to deal with, that is to say the marketing of agricultural produce. It is different in this sense, that in the main this act deals with importations, because of necessity the United Kingdom is largely an importer of such produce, but it also deals with the production of agricultural products of every description and the sale of these products in the United Kingdom. It provides:
Subject to the provisions of this section, the board of trade, after consultation with the Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries and with the Secretaries of State concerned with agriculture in Scotland and Northern Ireland respectively, may make an order regulating the importation into the United Kingdom of any such agricultural product as may be specified in the order, if it appears to the board, after such consultation as aforesaid,-
Now all the difference between the principle laid down in this preamble and the principle of this bill is that the board of trade acts instead of the marketing board. The minister remains the same, namely the Minister of Agriculture, with the Secretaries of State for Scotland and for Northern Ireland. What follows.
(a) that there have been, or are being, taken all such steps as are practicable and necessary for the efficient reorganization, by means of agricultural marketing schemes or schemes under this act, of those branches of the agricultural industry in the United Kingdom in whose interests the order is made; and
(b) that without an order under this section the effective organization and development of the said branches of the agricultural industry in the United Kingdom under such schemes as aforesaid cannot be brought about or cannot be maintained;
Now who is it that puts these schemes into effect? Is it the parliament of Westminster? Do the. House of Commons and the House of Lords sit and work out these schemes in detail, or are they delegated to some other authority?
(2) Without prejudice to the generality of the powers conferred by the foregoing subsection, an order under this section may regulate the importation into the United Kingdom of the agricultural product to which the order relates, by determining for any such period as may be specified in the order-
(a) the quantity of the product, or of any description thereof, which may be imported;
(b) the descriptions of the product which may be imported.
Let us pass on-
Topic: MARKETING ACT
Subtopic: ORGANIZATION TO IMPROVE METHODS AND PRACTICES IN MARKETING NATURAL PRODUCTS