For several years I have called the attention of the Postmaster General to what I consider a great hardship to the rural mail carriers in Canada. When a rural mail carrier is required, the position is advertised, tenders are asked for, and the position invariably goes to the lowest tenderer so long as he can procure two sureties satisfactory to the department. The contract is made for four years. At the end of that time the man who has the patronage of the riding, the member if his party is in office, or the defeated candidate if the party he supports is in office, is asked whether he will recommend renewal of this contract or whether it should be put up for tender. Here is a man who four years ago purchased a horse, cutter, buggy, harness and equipment. He now finds his contract is put up for tender; someone underbids him, and he is left with his horse and equipment, or car as the case may be, on his hands. No one objects to a government appointing its friends to positions. That is quite right. But when the man who takes that public position, ceases to be a partisan, and gives faithful and loyal service, I have always contended and contend to-day that he should not be removed except for cause. The man who has the patronage of the riding cannot say who is to get the mail contract, but he has the right to ask to have it put up for tender. And the carrier is underbid and ruthlessly thrown out of a position in which he has given faithful service.
Mail is delivered, in the cities also, but a different plan is followed there. When appli-
cations for postmen in cities are invited, the salary is stated. The department select the man they consider most competent to discharge the duties of that position.
Topic: POST OFFICE DEPARTMENT