They are as follows:
The first general test was conducted in 1926-46,174 cattle were tested, 3,643 reacted, or 7-9 per cent, at a compensation cost of $124,101.
The following general tests have since been conducted:
No. No. or Per- Compencattle reactors eentage sation1927
46,191 515 1-1 $20,4221928
46.480 351 0-76 14,6371929
50,603 188 0-37 8,1131932
66,746 407 0-6 12,879
The last general test of the cattle in this area was commenced last fall and up to February 24th last 36,186 cattle had been tested and 62 reactors found, or 0-17 per cent, compensation $2,019. There is, therefore, every prospect, with over half of the cattle tested, that the percentage of reactors this time will be less than one-half of one per cent.
The estimated total cost of each general test, including salaries of veterinary officers, tags, supplies and compensation, but not including livery, which is borne by the provincial government, is as follows:
Statement of Expenditures-British Columbia
(a) Indian Education:
Residential schools.. ..
British Columbia special
Expended for fiscal year ended March 31, 1936 $328,720 91 60,922 17 10,911 40
Appropriated for fiscal year ended March 31,1937 $304,260 42 55,075 00 10,000 00
$400,554 48 $369,335 42
(b) Medical Services:
Parliamentary appropriation British Columbia special..
Expended for fiscal year ended March 31,1936 $186,020 63 55,297 35
Appropriated for fiscal year ended March 31,1937 $171,151 00 50,000 00
Estimated for fiscal year ended March 31,1938 $160,763 00 50,000 00
$221,151 00 $210,763 00
nuypiy-m mes-/ naian Affairs
Memorandum Re Tuberculosis Problem Amongst Indians in British Columbia
The tuberculosis division of the provincial board of health, in attempting to control tuberculosis m British Columbia, has jurisdiction over the total population, except for the Indians. The Indian population comes under the control of the Indian department of the dominion government. Compared with the rest of the population of the province, the Indian death rate from tuberculosis shows a startling high rate. The following death rates speak
Year 1931 1932 Race Orientals Indians Whites Orientals Indians
Whites 1934 Orientals
Whites 1935 Orientals
Whites 1936 Orientals 9 mos. Indians
Whites Deaths Population Rate per 100,00090 49,344 182165 24,599 670387 620,320 6262 49,918 124189 24.743 763314 629,339 4966 50,308 131187 24,930 749291 636,753 4569 50,674 136216 25,161 858284 649.165 4368 50,958 133163 25,383 642355 658,659 5349 51,169 95148 25,615 577276 673,216 40
It has been noted also that 58*52 per cent of all deaths from tuberculosis amongst Indians were persons under 20 years of age, and that the registration of deaths of Indians for the year 1935 showed the 43*3 per cent of deceased persons were not attended by a doctor.
It does not seem a consistent policy to attempt to control the disease amongst one portion of the population, while it is allowed to run rampant amongst another group. The following table shows the number of Indians in the whole pf the Dominion of Canada, divided into the various provinces, and also divided into certain age groups.
Indian Population of Canada
Province Total Under 7 years 7 to 16 inc. 17 to 21 inc. 22 tc 65 Over 65 pop. M. F. M. F. M. F. M. F. M. F.Alberta .. 10,900 1,116 1,238 1,277 1,221 601 513 2,233 2,124 259 318B.C 23,598 2,148 2,260 2.762 2,755 1,023 1,024 5,213 4,803 807 803Manitoba . . 12,958 1,212 1,134 1,497 1,345 851 742 2,667 2,785 322 403N. Brunswick 1,734 165 173 208 193 92 89 401 333 39 41N.W. Terr. . 3,854 355 428 439 408 262 183 812 888 31 48N. Scotia .. 2,093 178 177 210 235 134 117 406 427 83 66Ontario .. .. 30,631 2,012 2,046 2,618 2,576 1,868 1,857 5,898 5,923 829 842P.E.I 224 21 27 26 29 5 10 46 48 7 5Quebec .. .. 13,281 1,334 1,252 1.406 1,441 753 732 2,940 2,696 350 377Sask 11.878 1,288 1,347 1,313 1,330 575 502 2,351 2,507 289 376Yukon Ter. . 1,359 121 173 134 150 87 87 273 239 47 48No details .. 4,162 Totals .. 116,672 9,950 10,255 11,890 ] 1,683 6,251 5,856 23,300 22,743 3,063 3,327
It will be seen from this that British Columbia has the second largest Indian population in Canada, but has a far greater ratio of Indians to the rest of the population than any other province in Canada. It would seem, therefore, that the dominion government should be spending a great deal more on tuberculosis in this province than in any other province in the dominion. Also, at this particular time, when a province is taking steps to control tuberculosis amongst the rest of the population, cooperation from the dominion government to coincidentally work amongst the Indians would seem the correct procedure. One would hesitate to say just exactly how* much danger the Indians are. relative to tuberculosis, to the other people of the province. However, knowing that tuberculosis is an infectious disease, we can at least state that there is a potential danger in having so much tuberculosis amongst the Indian population, and that this potential danger increases as the remaining population becomes more in contact with the Indians.
. Doctor McQuarrie of the Indian department has been doing everything that his limited finances allow him to do to help control this menace amongst the Indians. Several surveys have been made with the help of the tuberculosis division of the provincial board of health, of some of the Indian schools. In two schools a small preventorium was set up to house some of the infected Indian children. The tuberculosis division of the provincial board of health has offered to survey as many Indians as possible, charging the Indian Department with the cost of this However, surveys are not sufficient, and must be followed up. The
logical means of doing this is by public health nurses, wlxo should go right into the Reserves and teach health to this population. This would be a far-sighted policy and would take some time to show actual effects, but it is felt it is only by this means that some real results could eventually be accomplished.
The Indians in residential schools throughout British Columbia are as follows:
School Boys Girls Total In ChargeAhousaht .... 32 29 61 United ChurchAlberni .... 70 55 125 United ChurchAlert Bay .... 128 110 238 Church of EnglandCariboo .... 51 71 122 Roman CatholicChristie .... 60 59 119 Roman CatholicCoqualeetza .... 148 113 261 United ChurchKamloops .... 166 168 344 Roman CatholicKitamaat .... 13 29 42 United ChurchKootenay .... 44 49 93 Roman CatholicKuper Island .... 51 53 104 Roman Catholic.... 89 98 187 Roman CatholicPort Simpson
St. Mark's Mission 29 29 United Church.... 84 90 174 Church of England.... 77 82 159 Roman CatholicSechelt
53 40 93 Roman CatholicSquamish .... 27 30 57 Roman CatholicTotals
1.093 1,105 2,198 No. Pupils . . 16 2,198Day schools .. 48 1,518Day schools-boys
School age: 7 to 16 years. Expenditure
It will be seen from the above that the Indian Department has recognized the value of education. Admittedly, education also includes health. However, the health side needs to go to a great deal further than it has gone up to the present time, and it is felt that the dominion government could cooperate at the present time to aid this province in controlling the tuberculosis menace.
To be fair to the Indian department, it should also be recognized that there are certain so-called Indians that are classified as half-breeds, that are listed in our death rates as having died of tuberculosis under the Indian classification. These half-breeds do not come under the Indian department, despite the fact that they may be living on the Indian reserve. However, it will be admitted, that after the half-breeds are deducted, the Indians run a tuberculosis death rate between six to eight times that of the white population. In controlling the spread of tuberculosis, it is apparent to all that isolation must be carried_ out. The infected individual, who, through his positive sputum, may spread the disease, is isolated in an institution or in suitable quarters in the home where a public health nurse has the opportunity of supervising him. As far as the Indians are concerned, nothing of this type has so far been done. Where an individual can be isolated, real results can be accomplished. but in communities, such as Indian reserves, where no isolation is_ attempted, or a relatively small amount at least, it would seem that if something further is not done than is being done at the present time, in order to carry the principle of isolation to its full conclusion, the province should isolate all Indian reserves. This would be a very drastic and unnecessary step, but as the province has no jurisdiction over these Indians' health, it -would be the only recourse that they could take in order to be absolutely sure that they are safeguarding the health of the remaining part of the province. The tuberculosis division of the provincial board of health, therefore, earnestly requests that a sincere endeavour be made to interest the dominion government, through the Department of Indian Affairs, to make a substantial grant to their own officers here in the province, who are only too willing to work in cooperation with the tuberculosis division in this province. It is suggested that $150,000 a year be set aside by the Indian department for tuberculosis control in British Columbia. When one considers what the province of British Columbia, and other provinces are spending on the remainder of the population, the Whites, Orientals, etc., this does not seem a large amount of money to spend on the Indian population.
Topic: DEPARTMENT OF MINES AND RESOURCES