John George DIEFENBAKER

DIEFENBAKER, The Right Hon. John George, C.H., P.C., Q.C., B.A., M.A., LL.B., LL.D., D.C.L., F.R.S.C., F.R.S.A., D.Litt., D.S.L.

Personal Data

Party
Progressive Conservative
Constituency
Prince Albert (Saskatchewan)
Birth Date
September 18, 1895
Deceased Date
August 16, 1979
Website
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Diefenbaker
PARLINFO
http://www.parl.gc.ca/parlinfo/Files/Parliamentarian.aspx?Item=84909dc1-9a60-44b3-a939-2393ab563089&Language=E&Section=ALL
Profession
barrister, lawyer

Parliamentary Career

March 26, 1940 - December 10, 1942
CON
  Lake Centre (Saskatchewan)
December 11, 1942 - April 16, 1945
PC
  Lake Centre (Saskatchewan)
June 11, 1945 - April 30, 1949
PC
  Lake Centre (Saskatchewan)
June 27, 1949 - June 13, 1953
PC
  Lake Centre (Saskatchewan)
August 10, 1953 - April 12, 1957
PC
  Prince Albert (Saskatchewan)
  • Leader of the Official Opposition (December 14, 1956 - June 20, 1957)
June 10, 1957 - February 1, 1958
PC
  Prince Albert (Saskatchewan)
  • Leader of the Official Opposition (December 14, 1956 - June 20, 1957)
  • Secretary of State for External Affairs (June 21, 1957 - September 12, 1957)
  • Prime Minister (June 21, 1957 - April 21, 1963)
March 31, 1958 - April 19, 1962
PC
  Prince Albert (Saskatchewan)
  • Prime Minister (June 21, 1957 - April 21, 1963)
  • Secretary of State for External Affairs (March 19, 1959 - June 3, 1959)
June 18, 1962 - February 6, 1963
PC
  Prince Albert (Saskatchewan)
  • Prime Minister (June 21, 1957 - April 21, 1963)
  • President of the Privy Council (December 21, 1962 - April 21, 1963)
April 8, 1963 - September 8, 1965
PC
  Prince Albert (Saskatchewan)
  • Prime Minister (June 21, 1957 - April 21, 1963)
  • President of the Privy Council (December 21, 1962 - April 21, 1963)
  • Leader of the Official Opposition (April 22, 1963 - September 8, 1967)
November 8, 1965 - April 23, 1968
PC
  Prince Albert (Saskatchewan)
  • Leader of the Official Opposition (April 22, 1963 - September 8, 1967)
June 25, 1968 - September 1, 1972
PC
  Prince Albert (Saskatchewan)
October 30, 1972 - May 9, 1974
PC
  Prince Albert (Saskatchewan)
July 8, 1974 - March 26, 1979
PC
  Prince Albert (Saskatchewan)
May 22, 1979 - December 14, 1979
PC
  Prince Albert (Saskatchewan)

Most Recent Speeches (Page 6382 of 6383)


June 3, 1940

Mr. DIEFENBAKER:

I rise to support

the suggestion of the hon. member for Swift Current (Mr. Graham). The situation in Saskatchewan has been placed before this committee by several hon. members from that province who have spoken. At no time has it been more necessary than at the present to mobilize agriculture. That fact has been stressed over and over again by the Minister

Farmers' Creditors

of Agriculture (Mr. Gardiner). Agriculture cannot be mobilized in Saskatchewan-and I think that statement applies generally to western Canada-until in the first place a fair and reasonable price is given to the western farmer. The western farmer has no objection to the various interests-munitions manufacturers and other manufacturers-receiving a fair profit. To-day, however, the price of agricultural products all over western Canada is such that the farmers are in a condition scarcely better than they were in a few years ago. The only method whereby they can secure a measure 'of justice and be kept upon the land is through the proper operation of the Farmers' Creditors Arrangement Act.

The hon. member for Weyburn (Mr. Douglas) has mentioned that to-day different considerations govern the board of review in our province from those followed by the first board of review. When the first board was set up, in 1934, it had to enunciate certain principles upon which it would proceed. It had no precedents upon which to go. Apparently there was no real desire as between the creditors and the debtors to cooperate. But in process of time, by December 1, 1936, some precedents had been formulated. Then a new board of review was set up, and from that day onward-and the same principles are being followed by the board recently appointed -the whole principle behind the administration has been the necessity of so adjusting debts as to enable the farmer to remain upon the land.

I appreciate the argument that there must be a finality to all things. There were dealt with in Saskatchewan prior to December 1, 1936, 1,401 cases; and I venture the opinion that, of the debtors concerned, not more than 100 are to-day in a position where they can carry on. Under the principles which guided the first board of review the write-off was small. It was believed to be emergency legislation. There was no guiding plan to follow. I can see no reason why, if the minister should be unable to see his way clear to amend the act as suggested by the hon. member for Weyburn, the whole matter of agricultural debt should not be referred to a committee on agriculture. As pointed out by the hon. member for Rosthem (Mr. Tucker), there are to-day, in the operation of that act, anomalies which, if continued, will nullify the act itself. One of the courts in Saskatchewan has decided that any proposal made which permits of an extension upon the certificate of a sheriff is inoperative. If that judgment is upheld by the court of appeal, it will mean this, that whenever a farmer in Saskatchewan, through

crop failure, gets into default under the proposal which has been made, he places himself in a position where he may be foreclosed.

The farmer is not responsible for drought conditions and for low prices. The necessity of mobilizing agriculture was never more important than it is to-day. Under the act anomalies exist which have been pointed out; and my suggestion is this, that the whole matter be referred to a committee on agriculture, to the end that western agriculture will have an opportunity to present a collective viewpoint before a committee of the house, and those anomalies which exist in the act to-day may be removed, in order that the western farmer will be able to contribute something to the empire and at the same time assure for himself a reasonable living and a chance to enjoy some of the better things of life.

Topic:   FARMERS' CREDITORS
Subtopic:   AMENDMENT OF ARRANGEMENT ACT AS TO PROPOSALS FOR COMPOSITION, ETC., IN MANITOBA
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June 3, 1940

Mr. DIEFENBAKER:

There are some official receivers who encourage applications and others who more or less discourage them. Would the minister state the basis on which official receivers are paid? Is it a fee basis or a sum per month?

Topic:   FARMERS' CREDITORS
Subtopic:   AMENDMENT OF ARRANGEMENT ACT AS TO PROPOSALS FOR COMPOSITION, ETC., IN MANITOBA
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June 3, 1940

Mr. DIEFENBAKER:

By purchase?

Topic:   WHEAT COOPERATIVE MARKETING
Subtopic:   CALCULATION OF INITIAL PAYMENTS TO SELLING AGENCIES-AUTHORITY FOR PAYMENT OF LLABILITIES AND ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES
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June 3, 1940

Mr. DIEFENBAKER:

Has that always been the basis since the inception of the act?

Topic:   FARMERS' CREDITORS
Subtopic:   AMENDMENT OF ARRANGEMENT ACT AS TO PROPOSALS FOR COMPOSITION, ETC., IN MANITOBA
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May 27, 1940

Mr. DIEFENBAKER:

Would the Minister of Justice mind answering the question I asked with reference to internment?

Topic:   WAR APPROPRIATION BILL
Subtopic:   PROVISION FOR GRANTING TO HIS MAJESTY AID FOR NATIONAL DEFENCE AND SECURITY
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