The statement has been spread broadcast throughout this Dominion by a man engaged in the grain business around Port Arthur-and it is largely quoted in the press of this country and by hon. members in this House-that the millers of this country are making very large profits and that the public are being bled accordingly. I have made just a small tabulation with regard to this matter. Those who are acquainted with the milling business know that in the eastern provinces it takes about five bushels of wheat to make a barrel of flour.
You might sometimes make a barrel of flour out of four and a half bushels of the very finest grade of wheat grown in the Northwest, but as a rule four and three-quarter bushels of wheat are required to make a barrel of flour. Figuring that out at $2.40 a bushel, which is the price that has prevailed in Winnipeg for a very considerable time, we get $11.40. Out of the four and three-quarters bushels of wheat, the miller would probably get $1.50 worth of bran and middlings; that is figuring bran and shorts at 2 cents per pound almost, and it would not average that to-day. But we will suppose that the bran and middlings are worth $1.50; that leaves $9.90 as the net cost of a barrel of flour at Winnipeg. To that must be added the price for milling the wheat, the freight from Winnipeg, or Port Arthur, to ithe various centres from which the flour
is distributed, the wholesaler s price the wholesaler generally buys by the carload- the retailer's price, the bags for the flour, the cartage charges from the retailer to his customers and from the station to the retailers. AH these things add to the price, and when a man makes the statement that millers in this country are making $5 a barrel out of the flour they make, he is making an absolutely ridiculous statement, which ought not to carry any weight, and which certainly does not carry any weight, with those who have the slightest knowledge of this business. A man who makes a statement of that kind either does not know what he is talking about, or he makes the statement for the deliberate purpose o misleading the consumers of this countrj. I have no objection to a man spreading his opinions on the pages of Hansard and publishing them broadcast throughout the press of this country so long as he gives the actual facts and knows what he is talking about. If the millers are getting too much the people of the country should he told,