Thomas Erlin KAISER

KAISER, Thomas Erlin, M.D.

Personal Data

Party
Conservative (1867-1942)
Constituency
Ontario (Ontario)
Birth Date
February 16, 1863
Deceased Date
February 29, 1940
Website
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Erlin_Kaiser
PARLINFO
http://www.parl.gc.ca/parlinfo/Files/Parliamentarian.aspx?Item=81bac5d9-43c0-4bd4-99a4-30fc06bd8f25&Language=E&Section=ALL
Profession
author, physician

Parliamentary Career

October 29, 1925 - July 2, 1926
CON
  Ontario (Ontario)
September 14, 1926 - May 30, 1930
CON
  Ontario (Ontario)

Most Recent Speeches (Page 1 of 77)


May 30, 1930

Mr. KAISER:

Just a word or two in regard to the item for health of animals. The public accounts show that $500,000 was spent last year in one province in the matter of preventing tuberculosis. I am not finding fault with the endeavour to eradicate the disease, but I want to point out the futility of spending $750,000 or $1,000,000 a year under the existing circumstances, for this reason: if you have twenty per cent tubercular conditions existing over an area and you do not discover the reason and remedy the cause, you will have to repeat that expenditure every year. I want to impress upon the minister that there are some conditions underlying this that require investigation. The method of handling the slaughtering of those cattle is not fair to the farmers. The position is that the inspector comes along and says that so many cattle are affected with tuberculosis and the farmer receives a certain sum from the government. A drover takes them away to the market and then brings back a certificate. I would like to point out what the United States government does in this regard. In this country the farmer for his salvage gets about $15 a head. In every state of the union the government takes the salvage and undertakes to market it and gets for the farmer all that is in the discarded animal, and they have increased to the farmers from that source eight to ten dollars per year for the last few years. In Canada the farmer gets only fifteen or sixteen dollars for a diseased animal, while the farmer in the United States get $45 to $46 per head. The government is not doing enough along the line of investigating the basic conditions under which cattle are kept and which cause disease to break out among herds. After reading the report of last year I travelled over a thousand miles myself through the province of Quebec where this disease was reported, and I convinced myself that we have not even begun to investigate the conditions under which certain cattle are housed. In this far north part of America we may be mistaken in the way we handle our cattle in the winter, having regard to bovine tuberculosis. In the neighbourhood in which I lived for a great number of years we did not know in those pioneer years about bovine tuberculosis, but herds of cattle were on the decline. There was one farmer who had the finest herds in the district. I will tel] the minister who he was. He was the pioneer ancestor of the Aikins family in Canada, the father of Sir J. A. M. Aikins, the late lieutenant-governor of the

Supply-Agriculture

province of Manitoba and of the distinguished Doctor Aikins of Toronto. It was an old pioneer family, with magnificent powers of observation. This particular farmer discovered that every animal in his bam required so many cubic feet of space, and he provided a proper system of ventilation for every animal, as well as the right kind of housing, with the result that in a few years his herds surpassed all the other herds in the neighbourhood. Three generations have passed since that day, but to-day the young men in that district still point to the wisdom and the powers of observation of the man who laid the foundations of the healthy herds in that district. I plead with the minister to-day to have an investigation made in those areas in this country where there is such a tremendous amount of bovine tuberculosis. I am satisfied that if the basic conditions are improved, a great deal will have been done to conquer this disease. Otherwise I am satisfied that every dollar you are spending will have to be spent over again in the next few years. It is the underlying conditions that should be investigated apart from what the government, should do in seeing that the farmers of this country get what they are justly *entitled to in the matter of salvage.

Topic:   DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
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May 30, 1930

Mr. KAISER:

Has the minister ever heard of the Oshawa railway station?

Topic:   DEPARTMENT OF RAILWAYS AND CANALS
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May 30, 1930

Mr. KAISER:

Would the minister mind having a little conversation about it with Sir Henry Thornton? He visited the station a few days ago, and the people of Oshawa offered him the station as a present, if he would remove it to a pioneer museum. He declared that the station was too old for that and should be put in an archaeological department. Will the minister use his best efforts to see that either one or the other is done?

Topic:   DEPARTMENT OF RAILWAYS AND CANALS
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May 29, 1930

Mr. KAISER:

Have we had any inspectors on this particular job before?

Maple Sugar Industry

Topic:   MAPLE SUGAR INDUSTRY
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May 29, 1930

Mr. KAISER:

This item calls for $210,000 for national health. A day or two ago I asked the Minister of Agriculture (Mr. Motherwell) whether bovine tuberculosis came within his sphere or within the Department of Public Health, and he answered that both departments dealt with it. Therefore my remarks will apply not only to the national health department but also to the agriculture department. I cannot attempt to go into this question at the length I intended owing to the exigencies of time. I assume the Minister of Health has read the report of the Minister of Agriculture. If so, he read that in the province of Quebec 18 to 19 per cent of the cattle of some areas were found to be affected with bovine tuberculosis, while only 2 per cent of the cattle examined in other parts of the Dominion were found to be suffering from this disease. The records of the last seventeen years show that in no other area on this north American continent has the examination of cattle for bovine tuberculosis shown any approach to 18 or 19 per cent of the cattle diseased, with the exception of a small area in the District of Columbia. If the minister viewed this matter from a national standpoint, surely he would be alarmed at the situation in Quebec. In the year 1928, 23,000 cattle in Quebec have been found to be affected with bovine tuberculosis, and were slaughtered. This phenomenal condition cost the country $750,000 last year. The minister

knows there must be some explainable reason for this condition, and he should ask the National Research Council to investigate and report to parliament the causes. It may be due to bad housing of the cattle, if the condition exists at all. I do not believe it does exist, because I am satisfied in my mind that our method of tracing this disease is inferior to that followed by other advanced countries. The work is being done in a slipshod way, but I have not the time to go into that now. Bovine tuberculosis is communicated to man, and has resulted in many of the children of Canada being affected by bone, pulmonary and nodular tuberculosis. This appalling situation ought to arouse the concern and active interest of the Minister of National Health. When we bring his attention to this serious condition of affairs he tells us that the British North America Act has assigned health matters to the various provinces. I want to break down that theory that national health is confined to the jurisdiction of the provinces. Cases and conditions such as these, should surely convince anybody that we ought to have a national health policy.

I wrote the agriculture department of the province of Quebec and asked them whether they had examined any cattle in the province for bovine tuberculosis, and they told me they had been doing it for the last ten years, and in that period had examined 375,000 cattle, and the highest percentage affected was only 3 per cent. Contrast this percentage with the 18 to 19 per cent stated to have been discovered by the federal Department of Agriculture. These contradictory figures naturally *make us question whether this department is actually prepared to carry on its work. I say to the Minister of Agriculture that the research council should convince him and convince Canada as to the peculiar causes which obtain and which bring about such a staggering result. The minister should have his department checked up. I have asked how many men they have in the department whose duty it is to go out and examine the cattle, and they have given me five or six names. I have asked the officials connected with the United States government how many experts they used to examine the cattle in that country and I find where in this country we would have .nine they would have ninety.

I would like to ask the Minister of Health tp permit me to place upon Hansard a statement the preparation of which has caused me considerable effort. I have gained the information from the findings of royal comrnis-

2S34 COMMONS

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sions in England and in various other parts of the continent to show the diseases actually transmitted to the children, young and older people from coming in contact with bovine tuberculosis.

Variety of Cases

Cervical lymph nodes

Lupus vulgaris

Scrofuloderma

Bone and joint tuberculosis.. . Genito urinary tuberculosis.. .

Tubercular meningitis

Pulmonary tuberculosis

The following is the information which I have been able to gather:

The British royal commission investigating the prevalence of bovine infection in England and Wales analyzed 1,139 cases both in children and adults. Their findings are given as follows:

No. of Cases Under 5 yrs. of age All ages Per cent125 85.0% of 20 cases 48.0140 66.0% of 50 cases 51.052 58.3% of 12 cases 38.4514 30.2% of 96 cases 19.221 19.012 16.6275 1.1

Park and Krumwiede, of the New York State Board of Health, in a series of 1,042 unselected medical and surgical cases, dividing the cases into three age groups, found the incidence of bovine infection as follows:

(a) Children under 5 years of age, 220 cases with 59 bovine strains isolated, or 26.8 per cent.

(b) Children from 5 to 16 years of age, 132 cases with 33 bovine strains recovered, or 25 per cent.

(c) Adults, 16 years and over, 689 cases, with 9 bovine strains recovered, or 1.31 per cent.

A study of 2,516 cases of various forms of tuberculosis reported in the literature up to 1914 compiled by Wang, of the University of Edinburgh, gives perhaps the most comprehensive idea of the amount of bovine tuberculosis in man existing in western Europe, the British Isles and the United States. He found that, dividing the eases into three age groups, the incidence of bovine infection is as follows:-

(a.) Children under 5 years of age, 614 cases, with 199 bovine strains isolated, or 32.4 per cent.

(b) Children from 5 to 16 years of age, 591 cases with 171 bovine strains isolated, or 28.9 per cent.

(c) Adults, 16 years and over, 1,311 cases with 38 bovine strains isolated, or 2.9 per cent.

For the past three years a study has been carried out under the auspices of the National Research Council into the incidence of tuberculosis in children in the Toronto area, where regulations require pasteurization of milk.

There is a migration of sick individuals from outlying districts into the hospitals in this area. A study has been made of cases in these hospitals and particularly in the Hospital for Sick Children. In addition to this, a study has been made of tuberculous children living in other towns and villages in Ontario. The following is a summary of the study showing the incidence of bovine infection in children:

Human Bovine

Bone and joint tuber- No. Type Typeculosis 65 63 2Tuberculous meningitis . 32 31 1Renal Tuberculosis.. .. Pulmonary tuberculosis 26 25 1(laryngeal Swaibs) .. Tuberculosis of lymph Nodes (cervical and 16 15 1mesenteric)

[Mr. Kaiser. 1 16 4 12Tuberculosis of tonsils. 7 5 2

Tuberculosis of adenoid

(pharyngeal tonsil). .4 3 1Tuberculous pleurisy .. 2 2 0

Of 199 strains of tubercle bacilli from 168 children studied, 30 strains recovered from 20 different patients proved to be of bovine origin. All of the children from whom bovine tuberculosis was recovered came from districts where pasteurization of milk is not carried out. In the Toronto district, which is a pasteurization area, not a single ease of bovine infection was brought to light. As a result of this investigation. it is concluded that 12 per cent of surgical tuberculosis in children, leading to operation, disablement, and occasionally death, may be controlled by the simple process of pasteurization.

Certain cities in Canada and the United States which through research have taught their people to pasteurize milk have absolutely banished the diseases, conditions and deformities which follow bovine tuberculosis. I think it is the business of this department to educate the people of our country as to how they may escape the conditions caused through this disease. The Department of National Health should become more national in character and should exert greater effort to teach our people how to fight disease and disaster.

Topic:   S20,000.
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