I congratulate my hon. friend on having goods that commend themselves over such a large territory. Now, I have referred to a few items that are charged to capital account comparing the last five years of the Conservative regime with ten years of Liberal rule. I would like to refer also to certain items charged to consolidated account. In 1896, the expenditure on consolidated fund account was $36,0000,000 but, under the Liberal administration, in 1906, the expenditure was $67,000,000-an increase of nearly 100 per cent. All this has been paid out of the ordinary revenue of the country. Had these revenues not been available, either the necessary public works could not have been overtaken, or we should have had to borrow money to provide them. The following figures will give a comparison of the expenditure under Conservative and Liberal rule :-
Fisheries $427,250 $968,702Agriculture
Lighthouse and coast service 466,057 2,530,307
Ship subsidies $ 534,916 $1,227,560
Ocean and river service .. 181,451 1,013,682
Mounted Police 533,014' 1,004,079
1,136,713 4,294,124Post Office
3,826,225 8,779,677Public Works
4,235,661 6,726,372Inspection of staples.. .. 2,921 109,939Trade and Commerce .. .. 9,462 63,625
I have not given all the figures for the $67,000,000 of expenditure, but this group represents a total of about $41,000,000 as spent by the Liberal administration as against about $16,000,000 spent by the Conservative administration. This table I think indicates growth and prosperity during the past decade, each department of the public service requiring-now note the word 'requiring' because of the prosperity of the country-requiring an expenditure on consolidated account, no borrowing. I have indicated to you that $5,000,000 had to be borrowed to pay on consolidated account during the last five years of the Conservative administration. Here in the group I have named, there was $41,000,000 spent, and not a dollar borrowed. Surely the government and the country are to be congratulated. We find, in referring to this matter again, that on the fisheries service we have expended $550,000 more in 1906 than the Conservatives did. You will understand that that means the fostering and care of our fisheries, and I think the country is to be congratulated in that we had the money and were able to take care of those services that devolved upon us. Then again in agriculture, we have expended $400,000 more than they did ten years ago, and we know as a matter of fact that agricultural interests have prospered wonderfully. Then again on immigration, we find that $750,000 more has been expended in 1906 than in 1896. We all know the wonderful development that has taken place in that regard, 300,000 immigrants or thereabouts coming into Canada during the past year. Then we find that on lighthouses and coast service we expended in 1906, $2,000,000 more than they did ten years previously. What benefit have we received from that? We know, as a matter of fact, that our coast line has improved lighthouses, that our buoy service is improved. In place of the old fashioned service we have gas lighted buoys, as a rule, and the fog alarm service has been very much improved.
Then ship subsidies is another matter worth noting. We are now spending $700,000 a year more than the Conservatives spent ten years ago. This is a very important service. We know that our transportation service and mail service are in-dispensible and have been greatly improved. We have now a direct service to South Africa, to Mexico and other ports, and these aids to our industries will enable them to reach new markets. And last, but not least, we
have a direct through service to France, which we think will largely aid in the development of Canadian industries. Then we have another item ; we find that for ocean and river service $SOO,000 more is expended in 1906 than in 1896, and what does that mean ? You know, Mr. Speaker, that we have a long coast line, and we find that railways and aids to steamboat companies afford transportation facilities to localities that would have no other means of bringing their products to market. Then we have the mounted police. We have expended $500,000 more on that service, and I am sure we can only speak in terms of laudation of the work performed by our mounted police. Then we have $3,100,000 extra expended on the militia. We know that this is a very important service. Of course, it is much more expensive because we have taken over the permanent force, and we have had to add to the expenditure some $5,000,000. We must expect to spend more money on our militia if we are to become a great country. We are only in our youth yet, and if we are to broaden out and take our place amongst the nations of the world we must spend more money on that department.
Then we have the Post Office Department, and 1 am sure we can only speak in words of praise of the hon. gentleman who presides over that department, and of his predecessors as well. In 1906 we expended $1,300,000 more than the Conservatives did in 1896, and with what result? We find that during the interim we have reduced the postal rate about 50 per cent. We have done more than that; we have turned deficits into surpluses, and surely we can congratulate the country over the management of the Post Office Department. Then as to the Railway Department. We find that in 1906 we expended $5,000,000 more than the Conservatives did in 1896. We find that during this time the railway earnings have more than doubled. Railway earnings have increased in a greater ratio than has capital account. Not only have earnings increased more than capital account, but the mileage has increased more than capital account as well. So we find this department in a very satisfactory condition. We find that we have spent $6,000,000 on Public Works. I mean the ordinary small recurring public works ; this is $3,000,000 more than in 1906 than in 1896. And who will say that a town here and a town there with
2,000, 3,000 and 4,000 inhabitants, does not need a new post office? Would the hon. gentleman tell me that this money is not wisely spent? A man that is in business must erect his store. The money is locked up in it, it is true, but it is decidedly in the interest of the business, and it is just . as much in the interest of this great country that its population should have proper public buildings in every town where there is sufficient population.
Topic: SUPPLY-THE BUDGET.