Our farmers were never better off than they are today.
I should like to commend this government for having established trade missions in many countries throughout the world for the purpose of seeking markets. I should like to commend this government on its attitude towards trade with our neighbours and best customers, the United States. We should go all-out and use every means in our power to increase our trade with the United States. In 1949 the United States took over fifty per cent of all our exports. We must give the United States every consideration in our trade relations, and under no circumstances must we discriminate against her.
I should like to commend this government on the floor price set on eggs. I do not believe in a floor price set too high on any goods, because that would tend to allow stocks to pile up in this country. It is not a floor price which will solve the egg situation; it is a market. The same is true with regard to all our surplus products.
Any government which, through its lack of effort or through restricted measures, fails to provide markets for the surplus primary products of this country would find that a floor would not hold for long. Let us endeavour, by every means possible, to create a multilateral trade system among the nations of the world, to operate with some kind of an international banking system. Let us reduce or wipe away tariffs and trade blocs. There are many countries of the world which would like to buy our surplus products.
I want to commend this government for its efforts toward the construction of a'trans-Canada highway. This is a project that will be welcomed by every Canadian. I also want to commend this government on a bill which was introduced and passed about six years ago, known as the Farm Improvement Loans Act. Prior to the passing of this bill, in order to secure money to finance the purchase of farm machinery, trucks, farm buildings, building repairs, drainage and fencing, farmers were obliged to pay excessive interest rates ranging from twelve per cent to fifteen per cent, made up of interest, appreciation and insurance. But now this money costs the farmers only five per cent through the Farm Improvement Loans Act. By this bill the western farmers have saved millions of dollars in interest charges; and although the act has been operating now for
nearly six years, I understand the government guarantee has cost the federal treasury nothing.
Early pioneers came to this country knowing it to be a land of freedom. They prided themselves on their individual dignity and freedom. But there are amongst us today men who would destroy that freedom if they had the opportunity to set up a state control of our economy. We must guard well our traditional freedom.
Just forty miles from Winnipeg, on the west shore of lake Winnipeg, we have slimmer resorts at Sans Souci, Matlock, Whyte-wold, Ponemah, Winnipeg Beach, Sandy Hook and Gimli, each with its lovely sand beach, well shaded shores with maples, elms and evergreens. I might say at Winnipeg Beach alone during the summer vacation about 40,000 people come from many parts of Canada and the central states to spend their holidays.
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