May I revert to item 65? I notice an increase of nearly 500 per cent in the estimate. I wonder why the committee passes this very important item without one attempt to discuss it. I should like to know just what is meant by "education". Am I to take it that our own educational institutions are incapable of educating Canadian people in scientific and cultural organization? Is it education, or is it pure propaganda? Is the idea-and this is the idea that I have, and I have spoken on it before-to impose an international culture and education to replace our native culture and our native ideas? Since there is an increase of nearly 500 per cent in the item, the committee certainly should take
more notice of it than simply to say "carried", even if it is at the end of the session. I do not like many of the men at the head of UNESCO. I do not like their ideas, and I do not like what can I understand to be their objective; that is, to impose international culture on all native culture. I should like to know how far this is education and how far it is propaganda.
Mr. ST. LAURENT: I think the hon. member will have to attend some of their meetings to form his own opinion as to what they do. This is a contribution assessed against Canada as a member of UNESCO under a constitution that was approved by the Canadian, government. It appears that there is a substantial increase in the amount here, but it is only in appearance. For 1947 the total was S311,640 United States funds, but only a portion of that is shown here. The larger portion came out of an estimate of the previous fiscal year which was of the same calendar year, but this year the whole assessment is provided in this one vote.
With respect to the activities of UNESCO, one hon. member feels that we are not giving them sufficient encouragement. The main accomplishment to date has been the initiation of campaigns in various countries for funds for educational, scientific and cultural reconstruction in the war devastated countries.
UNESCO has established pilot projects in Haiti, China. British East Africa and Peru to test techniques witih respect to fundamental education. It has also made contributions to other educational and cultural movements for the assistance of the war devastated countries.
So far, to answer the hon. member, there would appear to be such obstacles in the way of intellectual co-operation that we have felt it was preferable to go rather slowly, and we think the objects of this organization require to be based upon a feeling of security, stability and world peace in order to be productive of beneficial and long-term results.
Topic: RECENT BY-ELECTIONS-SUGGESTED TAX CHANGES, COST OP LIVING, ETC.
Subtopic: DEPARTMENT OF EXTERNAL AFFAIRS