Again, in his speech the hon. member referred to the fact that free enterprise in the nineteendhirties brought the people out there to be hewers of wood and drawers of water, put them in debt so they would never get out, and so on. I live right beside the hon. member; my constituency borders on, his. It was not any legislation which caused this condition; it was because we had no crops. When they spoke of "poverty in the midst of plenty" in those times, my people used just to laugh, because the only plenty we had in those days was plenty of dust, plenty of wind, and plenty of poverty; there were no crops at all. Let me here acknowledge the wonderful way in which we were treated in those times of depression and famine by easterners, and by both governments. Liberal and Conservative administrations alike used us well, and we were thankful and grateful to them for what they did, because at that time it was an act of God with which we were confronted; we had no crops whatever. To say that such conditions arose as a result of free enterprise or some policies which were adopted at that time-well, it is ridiculous.
Let us now see what a better authority than the hon. member for Weyburn says. I have here a copy of a report of the Searle Grain company quoting from a speech of the Hon. Sumner Welles. In an address he made in New York on October 7, 1941, this is what he said was the cause of our trouble in, the 'thirties:
Many foreign countries, which had not recovered from the shock of our tariff increases in 1921 and 1922-
That is, tariff increases in the United States.
and were tottering on the brink of economic and financial collapse, were literally pushed into the abyss by our tariff action of 1930. Throughout the world this withering blast of trade destruction brought disaster and despair to countless people.
The resultant misery, bewilderment, and resentment, together with other equally pernicious contributing causes, paved the way for the rise of those very dictatorships which have plunged almost the entire world into war.
The report continues:
It merely requires to be added that Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Brazil, and the Argentine, rapidly followed the example of the United States with similar high tariffs and with other obstructions to trade, and that the example then spread to almost every country in the *world.
This is the cause of the depression in the 'thirties as given by Under Secretary of State Sumner Welles.
I want to refer only to one other statement, because if I were to answer all the piffling remarks which the hon. member made here, it would take up all my time, and I wish to go on with my own speech. He refers to the fact that the Liberal government put a tariff of one cent a gallon on light crude oil coming in from the United States. I happen to know something about that. Years ago I had something to do with the' investigation concerning gasoline, if I remember rightly.
Topic: THE BUDGET
Subtopic: DEBATE ON THE ANNUAL FINANCIAL STATEMENT OF THE MINISTER OF FINANCE