When this matter was under discussion in the House the other day, I referred to section 115 dealing with rejected grain. This- section defines rejected grain as follows:
Rejected grain shall comprise all spring wheat for warehousing, but too low in weight or otherwise unfit to he graded as No. 3. This includes seed dirty grain, also screenings from elevators.
I wish to draw the attention of the minister to the importance of regulating the disposal of this rejected grain. One lion, gentleman the .other day said he thought it was covered by the Act for the Inspec-Mr. STAPLES.
tion and Sale of Seeds. I find, on looking over the Act, that it does not cover it. The report of 'the Minister of Agriculture for 1910 deals particularly with rejected grain, in the following terms:
Noxious weed seeds in ground feeding stuffs and screenings from commercial grain, which are distributed for the purpose of stock feeding, have been the cause for some serious complaints during the past year. Investigation thus far would seem to indicate that the causes for these complaints are restricted, quite largely to the province of Ontario, where the screenings from the cereal grains grown in the prairie provinces after being ,recleaned at the large elevators on Lake Superior and elsewhere are marketed.
Again, in his report for 1911, the Minister of Agriculture alludes- to the same cause of complaint, and there states :
I, therefore, instructed my seed commissioner to continue the investigation into the condition of ground feeding stuffs distributed for sale to farmers, and, by collecting and examining samples and by inquiry, to ascertain what practical means, if any, may he adopted to prevent the distribution of vital weed seeds in ground mill feeds. The investigation has shown that, as in previous years bran manufactured by the larger flour mills is comparatively free from weed seeds; but the forty-eight samples of bran collected had an average of two hundred and forty-six weed seeds .per pound. Crushed or ground meals were often found to be in a worse condition, sometimes containing more than eighteen hundred weed seeds par .pound.
These statements 'are enough to convince every one of the importance of careful supervision of this rejected grain which is to be dealt with by the commissioners to be appointed under this Bill. The Minister of Agriculture indicates that Ontario is the greatest sufferer from the purchase of this rejected the weed infested grain from western Canada. Even this year, while the field .crop of Ontario was not as large as those of previous years, the value of that crop almost equalled the fi-eld crop of the three western provinces. These commissioners, dealing as they do with the grading of the grain not only of western Canada, but of the whole of Canada, have, ot ought to have, under their control the disposal of noxious weeds that comprise a large portion of many shipments of grain to the elevators. I believe that there are to-
But this particular evil has been so patent to every one in Ontario during the past few years that something has to be done. I believe that in the Inland Revenue . Act provision is made for looking after the seeds contained in feedstuff by inspectors, but such inspectors are altogether too few in number to attend to this. But there is no provision whatever as far as I can And for preventing the sale or distribution of weed seeds in screenings or unground grains. There is scarcely a town or city in which there are not many people who keep a number of fowl and who buy screenings from the elevators in western Canada. The manure from this source is frequently hauled to the farms and distributed in that way to an extent most people hardly realize. I would, therefore, strongly urge on the hon. minister that some provision be made in this Bill which would enable the commissioners to regulate and control this evil, they are in a better position to do so than anybody else. I am satisfied that the time has arrived when so drastic measure must be adopted in order to prevent this evil from spreading throughout the country.
Topic: THE GRAIN ACT.