PAQUET, The Hon. Eugène, P.C., M.D.

Personal Data

Conservative (1867-1942)
L'Islet (Quebec)
Birth Date
October 23, 1867
Deceased Date
May 8, 1951

Parliamentary Career

November 3, 1904 - September 17, 1908
  L'Islet (Quebec)
October 26, 1908 - July 29, 1911
  L'Islet (Quebec)
September 21, 1911 - October 6, 1917
  L'Islet (Quebec)
August 14, 1935 - October 6, 1917
  L'Islet (Quebec)
  • Minister of Soldiers' Civil Re-establishment (August 23, 1926 - September 24, 1926)
  • Minister presiding over the Department of Health (August 23, 1926 - September 24, 1926)

Most Recent Speeches (Page 6 of 50)

April 5, 1916


(Translation). I shall

speak later on.

M'. MACDONALD: Will the -hon. gentleman be kind enough to tell the committee whether he approves of the -present management of the Intercolonial .Railway under Mr. Gutelius? .

Mir. BOU1LAY: (Translation). I fail to understand. I shall add further that the officials appointed on the Intercolonial were all needed and that those who were dismissed-they were very few in number -were not replaced by a -bevy of people, but there was man for -man one appointment for every dismissal.

Our friends at Ottawa should call the attention of Parliament to such conditions, as they are detrimental not only to trade and to the carrying of war supplies but a -source of danger to the travelling public using the road. Again we say there is a complete breakdown in the management of the railway and it is high time for the government to step in.

Well, I say that the writer was badly advised. A statement of the kind is detrimental not only to the railway but to the country. It warns travellers away 'from the railway and induces them to choose another road rather than the government line. Sluch a course shows little patriotism and is unworthy a man who has at heart his country's welfare.

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March 22, 1916

Mr. E. PAQUET (l'lslet) (Translation):

Mr. Chairman, in the month of November, 1915, the Postmaster General introduced a postal service on the Transcontinental between Chaudiere and Monk Station. This is a section in the parish of Sainte-Perpetue, in my constituency. The innovation was gladly greeted by all the people of that country. Now, I would ask, and I think I have in that the support of my colleagues from Levis, Dorchester, Bellechasse, and Montmagny, that the service be improved. As conducted to-day, the service is satisfactory to us, but I know that many have asked and demand important improvements. We would like to have' on the mail car of the Transcontinental a clerk who would sort the mails immediately, so as to permit of a quicker distribution.

I think the Postmaster General could comply with my request, because the people of my county deserve that.

The Transcontinental has cost the country close on to 200 millions of dollars, and I think that the ratepayers have a right to get the reforms I am advocating.

Mr. CASGRAIN (Translation). I must state, for the benefit of my friend from 1'Islet (Mr. Paquet) that, as he is aware, the question of the postal service on the Transcontinental is one that has been under consideration in my department for a long time. As soon as the trains began to move on the Transcontinental we came to an understanding with the members from constituencies along the line, to give them a mail service, which is not at present as satisfactory as we should like, because the mail is carried in a baggage car. We intended to establish a postal service in connection with that line an,d carry the mail in mail cars, but, unfortunately, the railway has not sufficient material yet to allow of our putting mail cars on that section of the line.

I believe that my hon. colleague, the Minister of Railways, is negotiating to purchase the necessary material, and as soon as we get it we shall comply with the very legitimate request of my hon. friend from Tlslet, and of members from other counties along the line.

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March 6, 1916


What are the names and salaries of the employees in the offices of the Transcontinental railway at Quebec?

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March 3, 1916

Mr. E. PAQUET (l'lslet):

(Translation.) Mr. Speaker, I wish to make a few remarks concerning the agricultural work of the Dominion Government. I feel thankful to my good friend from Chicoutimi (Mr. Girard) for his always apt references to agriculture. .

From 1901 to 1911, the population of cities and towns has increased 62 per cent, while the country population increased by a bare 70 per cent.

In the eastern provinces, the increase in the country has not been normal. The exodus from the farm to the city is much to be deplored. The Conservative Government, in view of the abandonment of farms, the scarcity of labour and the high cost of living, is striving constantly to give to agriculture the high place it should hold in Canada.

The Prime Minister, alive to the necessity of stimulating production, particularly farm production, appointed on the 15th of October, 1915, a Commission of Agriculture.

Economical conditions arising out of the war, impart still greater importance to the business of farming. The commission's special object is to inquire into the best methods of increasing production. The commissioners will seek the best means to obtain a heavier yield, improve the systems of instruction and demonstration, develop new productive areas, induce the immigration of farmers and farm hands, encourage co-operation, improve our transportation systems and find new markets. Allow me to quote the following words of the Minister of Finance:

Canada's future depends on the development of its immense resources, of which agriculture is the most essential, and that development is itself linked with the increase in the number of producers and in the means that may be given them towards utilizing their intelligence and initiative.

It is very likely that, in the financial stress which may hold for some years to come, the question of the capital necessary to the develop-

ment of agriculture may become of vital importance, and we intend, during the recess, to take up that subject carefully with a view to increasing present resources >by the intervention of the Dominion Government, if it should be desirable and for the greatest good of the country. , The Government has chiefly in view the creation of an organization to facilitate at reasonable rates loans which may be repayable on the sinking fund principle.

That question has some connection with the scheme of co-operation. Before co-operative societies were established in Belgium, agriculture was not very flourishing.

In 1903, a Belgian economist wrote as follows :

If the principles of scientific farming have now a hold on the country, if the farmers can now get, at a reasonable price, unadulterated manure and fodder for cattle, if they are in a position to secure easily the money they require, if their dwellings, their furniture, their animals can be insured at satisfactory rates, if they have been able to secure from legislation many conveniences, if they have become a power, what has done it all is association.

Denmark's salvation was effected by a complete reform in its methods, brought about by instruction and the application of the co-operative system to the production and diversification of farm produce, instead of by individual efforts.

We here must follow the agricultural policy of Belgium, France and Denmark, if we aim at making rapid though prudent strides in the way of progress.

A Liberal paper on the 27th January, 1916, published the following:

We have organized in certain localities cowtesting associations. For our Ottawa friends, it is indeed a success! In this instance again, the appointments went to good Tories, in most cases ignorant of their duties, who receive salaries of $1,200 a year.

That appreciation of the inspectors of Quebec is absolutely unfair. Hon. Mr. Fisher appointed an inspector in 1911.

Hon. Mr. Burrell has appointed in the province of Quebec nine inspectors, taken among those who had the widest experience in the dairy industry. All the inspectors have received certificates from the St. Hyacinthe Dairy school.

I congratulate the Government on having organized those cow-testing centres each being under an expert who devotes all his time to his duties.

I will now say a few words concerning the live stock branch of the Department of Agriculture. Those who would be fair to the Dominion Minister of Agriculture, are agreed that his policy concerning the live stock industry is a real help "toward agricultural progress. .

88 ,

The Scarcity of breeding stock is at the present time, one of the main obstacles to stock raising in many parts of Canada. So the Minister of Agriculture has undertaken through the live stock branch an important distribution of breeding stock. The work of that branch assumes greater importance from year to year. The Minister of Agriculture is submitting to the House an estimate of $600,000 for the purposes of stock raising. The expenditure for that industry in 1911-12 amounted to $94,000; in 1912-13, to $100,000; in 1914-15, to $300,000, and in 1916-17 it will reach $600,000.

A very large number of farmers all over the Dominion are now alive to the advantages of the minister's policy.

According to some Liberal newspapers, some breeding stock more or less healthy, were bought by the Dominion Minister of Agriculture without proper care. They claim that the stallions and other sires have been put exclusively in the hands of Conservative friends.

This charge is altogether unfair to th,e Government. In fact, according to the regulations under which the breeding stock is distributed, the members of the various associations choose their directors, and the directors appoint the person who will have the care of the sires.

According to an article in Le Soleil, the Department of Agriculture has distributed in Quebec thoroughbreds, standard-breds and other light horses.

In reading the report of the Minister of Agriculture, I find that during 1,914 33 sires have been lent to farmers' associations. In that number there is not a single standard-bred and only one thoroughbred. There are fifteen breeders of Canadian breeds. In the county of l'Islet, one association asked for a Belgian sire and got it.

The critic in Le Soleil would not go to the trouble of applying for information at the department.

The same critic complains that certain breeding stock was bought without care and indiscriminately from the friends of the Government. The minister declares all the sires were bought by persons of experience, the purchases to be subject to the inspection of a veterinary from the Department of Agriculture.

The records of the department will show that barring a few isolated cases, all the animals received have been found highly satisfactory.

I would ask the officials of the department to be very careful in their method of distribution.

Stock raising has a bright future. At the winter fair in Ontario the Minister of Agriculture urged the farmers to increase their stock, that it was the surest and wisest policy.

Meat production begins to come up to the demand, but we can do better. Australia and the Argentine Republic are suffering from a crisis which has told on stock-raising. War has destroyed the European stock. So that it must be our farmers' care to take advantage of those favourable conditions to develop the stock-raising industry.

The operations of the Experimental Farms branch are constantly spreading. I desire to express my thanks to the hon. the Minister of Agriculture for his efforts to insure the success of the experimental farm at Ste. Anne de la Pocatiere. Not long ago, the hon. member for Kamouraska (Mr. - Lapointe) asked in the House that an experimental farm be established in the eastern district of Quebec. At Ste. Anne de la Pocatiere, although the Government have done what was necessary to make a success of the farm, certain improvements are still required. The minister's well-known appreciation of the importance of the farmer will lead him to improve that farm and make it one to be admired by all agriculturists.

Among the various Acts passed to promote farming, few have more importance than that providing for agricultural instruction, an Act which was passed in 1913 by the hon. minister. Under the wise guidance of the minister, the law was passed and the directors of our agricultural colleges have been put in a position to appoint staffs of devoted, educated and experienced teachers. In the province of Quebec, under that statute buildings have been added to and the equipment improved in all the institutions for the promotion of agriculture. I can speak more particularly of the work done at the agricultural college of Ste. Anne da la Pocatiere. Out of the Federal grant, large sums were received to put up new buildings so as to provide better accommodation.

While the religious orders who have charge of our agricultural colleges are working strenuously for [DOT] the advancement of agriculture, the Provincial and Dominion Governments are co-operating to the same end.

We are making great sacrifices towards the development of our agricultural colleges. Young men who have acquired a classical education have taken to farming. The Federal and Provincial Governments should earnestly see to those young men and ap-

point them to positions for which their studies and their talent has, prepared them. It is the best way of encouraging the agricultural schools.

Writers and orators sacred and profane, are trying to instil a taste for farm life and farm management into the minds of the Canadian farmers and youths. They extol the exalted position of the tiller of the soil, who can do so much for his country's prosperity.

The live stock branch has organized farmers' institutes in' French-speaking districts of the province of Quebec, to promote a campaign of patriotism and production. The farmers have taken to them with much earnestness. They showed clearly that their patriotism was responsive to the proposal. The success of the spring campaign in 1915 was due in a large measure to the co-operation *of ministers of all denominations, and especially the parish priests. We are indebted to the clergy who have been active in encouraging an increase of production in the province of Quebec.

In concluding I feel bound to recall the name of a former member of this House, the late Mr. G. A. Gigault, Deputy Minister of Agriculture for the province of Quebec. He was the inspirer of the work carried on by our experimental farms. Mr. Gigault had been, a pioneer in the field of scientific agriculture and has left imperishable monuments of his industry and zeal.

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February 28, 1916

Mr. E. PAQUET (l'lslef):

(Translation.) Mr. Speaker, I should like this evening to say a few words in support of the resolution moved by my hon. friend, the member for Rimouski, but as the Minister of Railways is ill and Dr. Reid, who take his place could not reach the House on account of the storm, I think it better to move to adjourn the debate.

Motion agreed to and debate adjourned-.

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