Let my hon. friends say "hear, hear" after they hear the editorials. From the editorial pages of the Montreal Star of October 6, 1925, I read the following:
It may perhaps be as well to say a word about Quebec's alleged narrow-mindedness in thinking of what may be the effect upon its most essential industries and its most cherished institutions if Mr. FEBRUARY 1, 1926 587
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King is given enough supporters in parliament to enable him to sell out to the Progressives.
All we are doing is trying to shake this province awake to the fact that its very life is in danger and that it must come out of the past and vote with reference to pending political issues. That is why we ask Quebec to put only loyal Quebecers on guard, men who will stand with Patenaude in preventing the government- of this Dominion from being handed over holus bolus to the dangerously sincere spokesmen of the west, whose political vision never penetrates east of the fogs of lake Superior.
Again on October 26, from the editorial pages of the same paper, I gather the following:
What, then, will a Progressive triumph cost Quebec? The Progressives will demand the death of protection; they will either get their pound of flesh at once or they will get a big installment with promises of more to come immediately. This will mean either that the industries of Quebec will be decapitated forthwith or will be frightened into a swift decline. We have seen during the last four years what the constant tariff reduction can do. Practically every industry in the province, except that of the American consuls forwarding Canadian emigrants into the United States, has shrivelled, laid off men, reduced hours of work, kept down its pay-roll and spread hard times through the area it once fed. No Quebec manufacturer dared to think of investing new capital or enlarging his plant while a government sat in Ottawa which was always expected to take another slash at the tariff. A govern-mmt dependent upon Progressive votes must carve away at the tariff yearly or the Progressive voters on the prairies would compel their henchmen to turn it out of office. It would no longer be a mere threat, it would be a succession of definite decapitations. Our Quebec industries would stand shivering like the unhappy prisoners of the French revolution, wondering which would be the next to climb the steps of the guillotine. This would turn the flow of the exodus into a torrential rapid. Our boys are now holding on hoping that the tide will turn and that there will be more work next year. A Progressive victory would put an end to that hope. Everyone well knows that capital, always timid, will be far more badly frightened during the reign of the downright Forke than it was during the reign of the trimmer King.
This editorial, Mr. Speaker, must be amusing to my hon. friends th~ Progressives and especially the leader of their party, after having listened to the seductive words of our Conservative friends during the debate which featured the first week of this parliament. What a different picture is painted by the same newspaper in its news items after the election! I have taken a few items from the news pages of the same journal, to show something of the political hypocrisy of hon. gentlemen opposite. I have culled these news items from the Montreal Star, and they relate to business conditions from one end of Canada to the other:
1. November 26, 1925. Bank report shows trade is getting better.
2. November 16, 1925. Sherwin earned 8.79 per cent, outlook bright.
3. November 17, 1925. Declares Canada land of promise.
4. November 10, 1925. Granby Smelting Company reports better year. _
5. November 26, 1925. Upward trend in business is shown. Signs of improved business continue to appear in the reports published by the Dominion Bureau of Statistics. Out of six indicators of basic conditions recently published, five show upward trend.
6. November 26, 1925. October coke output established record.
7. November 26, 1925. Dividends from Canadian mines show big gain.
8. November 26, 1925. Boat loadings break record.
9. November 23, 1925. Pulp and paper export figures up in October.
10. November 14, 1925. Improvement shown in hardware trade.
11. November 13, 1925. Will make plans for Quebec mill. New construction near Beaupre will cost $5,000,000.
12. November 25, 1925. Salt bonds all sold. It was announced by Royal Securities Corporation at noon that the entire issue of $1,200,000 Canadian Salt Company 1st mortgage six per cents, public offering of which vras made this morning, has been subscribed for. Distribution has been made from coast to coast.
13. November 24, 1925. Cheese exports show substantial gain.
14. November 13, 1925. Six hundred employed on Quebec mill. International paper plant, Chelsea, to employ 4,000 by spring.
15. November 26, 1925. Wheat prices soar.
16. November 24, 1925. Many nations send immigrants.
17. November 23, 1925. Increase is shown in border trade.
18. November 13, 1925. Heavy Manitoba butter exports. Shipped to Britain so far more than entire season of 1916.
Mr. Speaker, what do these news items convey to us? They convey the fact that Canada is prosperous, our Conservative peddlers of gloom to the contrary notwithstanding. Let me call a few more witnesses, and these are all in addition to the quotations that have already been made by hon. gentlemen on this side of the House; I am not repeating any of their citations. Let me quote first from the address of Sir Vincent Meredith, president of the Bank of Montreal:
There is no question but that the trend of business is slowly but surely upward. As an evidence of this, car loadings are the largest on record, while wholesale and retail business show's a fair degree of increased activity. Textile industries are well employed, and there is more demand in the leather and allied trades. Improvement is also shown in other lines of business, although profits are curtailed in the grocery trade. There is little improvement in the lumber market in eastern Canada, but western shipments by w'ay of the Panama canal have substantially increased.
The prosperity of the country largely depends on the outcome of agriculture, and this year the crop has been a very large one, and at present prices w'ould prove profitable to the farmer. The marketing of the crop would bring at least $500,000,000 of new money into Canada and would undoubtedly effect a liquidation in fanners' liabilities. This new money would flow onto all channels of trade, and be reflected in improved conditions generally throughout the country.
I will now quote the right hon. leader of the opposition (Mr. Meighen) himself, as re-
The Address-Mr. McPhee
ported in a press despatch appearing in the Mail and Empire shortly after the new year:
Although a quarter of a century has passed without 'too great (progress, there is still ample time for the fulfilment of Sir Wilfrid Laurier's prophesy that the twentieth century belongs to Canada. In two decades we should double our present population.
The next quotation is from Hon. Mr. Crerar, a former cabinet minister, and the president of the United Grain Growers:
Western Canada has had the most successful year in its history. This, following two previous years of satisfactory progress, is putting western Canada on a sound financial basis.
Next I quote from Sir Henry Thornton:
The Dominion with its present population of 9,000,000 has a greater export trade than the United States had with 76,000,000, its population in 1899. For the twelve months ending last August the per capita export trade of Canada was $125, as compared with $37 for the United States.
The last quotation is from Mr. Beatty, president of the Canadian Pacific Railway:
For the past .two or three years we have been erecting a new and sounder foundation for our future economic growth. We have learned some of those economic lessons that adverse conditions have forced on our attention, and, finally, aided by a bountiful crop and the slow but sure betterment of the overseas markets for our products, have come to a position where we await an impetus to revivify our domestic trade.
These quotations, Mr. Speaker, substantiate the statement made by Sir Wilfrid Laurier in 1895, when, after listening to Sir George Foster read from a long list of statistics to prove that Canada was prosperous said:
If the party which I lead comes into power in this country it vyudd not be necessary for any man to read from statistics to prove the country is prosperous. I will simply ask every farmer and every artisan in the country to put his hands in his pockets, and there he will find the evidence of bis prosperity.
Prosperity and Liberalism, Mi. Speaker, are synonymous terms. They tell a story of Sir Robert Borden and the late Sir Wilfrid Laurier. When the great Quebec bridge fell a few years ago, Sir Robert Burden was in the vicinity and delivered an address near one of the terminals. His presence, of course, had nothing whatever to do with the bridge falling, it was just his luck to be present on that occasion a id to have made a speech at that particular time. Sir Wilfrid Laurier went out west on a tour shortly afterwards, and visited the city of Moose Jaw They had had no rain there for several weeks, and the people were praying for rain. The morning after Sir Wilfrid Laurier landed there, the rain came down in torrents. Sir Wilfrid Laurier had nothing to do with the coming of the rain, but it was his good fortune to be present at Moose Jaw when it happened. He went on
to the city cf Prince Rupert, where conditions were just the reverse. It had been raining there for weeks, and the people were beginning to despair of ever seeing the sun again.
But the morning after Sir Wilfrid landed, the sun came out in all its glory. Sir Wilfrid had nothing to do with the sun shining on that day, but it iwas just his good fortune to be present when the sun did come out on that occasion. Our friends opposite say that we do noc give any credit to Providence for what happens in this country, but let me tell them, whether it is a matter of luck or a matter of judgment, the people of this country want a government upon whose work the rains from heaven fall, and upon whose administration a wise and beneficent Providence causes the sun of prosperity to shine.
Our Conservative friends opposite, who keep on telling us that Canada is not prosperous, continually harp on protection as the only salvation for the country. Let me quote from the speech of the hon. member for East Edmonton (Mr. Bury) as reported at page 361 of Hansard:
Protection is very far from being dead. Coming from the west, I venture to say that protection is more alive than it has been for a long time. There is general recognition throughout the country, even throughout the west, that protection is necessary for the welfare of the Dominion as a whole.
And the hon. member for Argenteuil (Sir Geo. Perley) said, as reported at page 289 of Hansard:
We should protect our growers of agricultural produce by using as much as possible of it in our own country, thus preserving our market for them and keeping our money at home. The only way in which this object can be accomplished is to raise the tariff on our agriculture .produots to the same levels it is in the United States.
Topic: GOVERNOR GENERAL'S SPEECH
Subtopic: ADDRESS IN REPLY