Hon. gentlemen opposite will get used to their seats on the other side long before that.
The people throughout the country will certainly not believe that this government i? responsible for the fact that there is a deficit this year; it is entirely due to the lack of revenue produced by the Dunning budget, a budget which my hon. friends opposite hoped would return them to power, but which the people judged at its true worth and put them into the position in which they are today.
In 1925 and 1926 I heard daily the wails from the west. I come back to the house this year and again I hear the same thing. We have heard enough wailing from the other side about difficulties and troubles that
The Budget-Mr. Morand
I sometimes wonder whether some of our western members consider this the wailing wall of Jerusalem. But for all this trouble we have sympathy. As regards the troubles in the west, so far as I know, nobody in the east, either member or private individual, has any fault to find with any help extended by the east or the country generally to the west. We find to-day that this government proposes to give relief in freight rates in the export of wheat to the amount of five cents a bushel, and I have yet to see in any single newspaper or to hear from a single easterner any objection to that proposal or anything but commendation.
We have heard a great deal of the troubles of the western farmer and of farmers generally. I am quite certain that there has . been plently of trouble amongst the farmers all over Canada, but I can assure hon. gentlemen that the troubles of the industrial workers in the cities are just as great and the depression amongst them just as deep as those of the western fanner. I propose to take a few minutes to outline roughly conditions in my riding, which I know best, particularly in the border cities, a group of cities on the Detroit river. Not merely now but for a number of years past we have seen the workers in this industrial centre of the border cities gradually losing their homes, incurring greater indebtedness, tramping for days looking for work, discouraged, despairing, and in the end many seeking charity. In my own work I have seen them tramping from shop to shop, standing for hours asking to be permitted to do a day's work to earn the bread that they needed for their families. For fear that some hon. gentlemen may think that this is something new, I may tell them that immediately following the last election, in the month of August, in the summer time, when probably there should not be unemployment, a registration that was taken in the border cities showed that there were 3,495 unemployed, which is a greater number than the number unemployed to-day, although the exact figure to-day is not known [DOT]because we have had no recent registration. The situation there was undoubtedly a challenge that had to be met. There had been unemployment for a period of more than one year, a gradual reduction in the ability to meet indebtedness, the gradual losing of their homes by the workers. That, I say, was a challenge that had to be met by those who were able to help and by the new government which was coming into power.. That challenge, I may say, was fairly well met by the people of our own city, and I believe that the same may. be said of practically all the
large industrial centres throughout Canada. Organizations were quickly established for the distribution of food and clothing and for the repair of shoes. Meals were given by different organizations, and also two breweries, which provided thousands of free meals, hundreds per day. Church organizations worked, each in its own sphere.. Free rent was given by many a landlord, free groceries by many a grocer, and free coal by many a coal dealer. All this effort was individual, and by organization of the people themselves, and I think that no greater thing has happened in our city than the way in which those who probably had but little rallied to help those who had not, and tried to tide them over.
But we were also helped by this government Realizing the situation not only in the border cities but throughout Canada, and the conditions I describe in the border cities, I believe prevailed pretty generally throughout the industrial centres of Canada, the government called a special session last September, which hon. gentlemen opposite said in the political campaign on many a busting was not needed and would be a useless waste of money. But what did we find? In the border cities alone there was spent last winter on work to help the unemployed, work which otherwise would not have been undertaken or would have been postponed for probably many years, the sum of $1,200,657. That was spent for the purpose of giving work between last fall and this spring. The government of the province and the government of the dominion contributed $770,464 of that amount. It was help that the border cities needed, and without which they could not have taken care of their unemployed. There was also spent $281,588 in direct relief, to which this government contributed $93,037. In other words, since October of last year until the middle of April this year there was spent in the border cities, with a population of approximately 110,000, the sum of $1,482,245 to help unemployed.
This government also helped in another way to meet the situation, and that was by making changes in the tariff during the special short session. My hon. friends in the corner opposite say that the changes in the tariff will not help the unemployment situation. Whether it is a permanent solution or not, this unemployment situation was facing us and had to be met. We have now a population that is more or less stable, and now that we have stopped immigration we have practically a given number of unemployed, a given number of people for whom we must find work. If we can bring in new industries, we can provide in this country new days'' work,
we shall help to relieve unemployment to that extent. By (changes made by this government, in the regulations governing the importation of automobiles, we have in the border cities to-day the Hupp Motor Company, which was entirely a United States factory, now manufacturing and assembling in Canada, using Canadian material and employing Canadian labour. We find that the Studebaker company, which had practically closed its doors and was waiting from day tto day to find what this government would do, has reopened its doors, taken on new employees, and is now using Canadian material, employing Canadian workmen, and functioning as a Canadian organization. The Graham-Paige Company will within a few days turn out its first Canadian car. AVe have in other cities the Reo company, the Nash company, and various truck companies, and no one can tell me that the incoming of these factories will not help the unemployment situation in the border cities and throughout Canada.
AVe have further, a canning company, which has constructed a very fine plant in one of the border cities, which will use in its manufactures some fifteen hundred acres of peas alone from our farmers and as much com, and which will employ from two to three hundred employees during at least a part of the year. All of this is due entirely to the tariff as imposed by this government.
Now, it is rather interesting to see in today's paper a report of the number of branch United States factories in Canada; these number 524 and represent an investment, exclusive of the pulp and paper industry of $278,876,000. That that money has been invested in Canada is entirely due to a protective tariff and to no other cause.
Subtopic: CONTINUATION OF DEBATE ON THE ANNUAL