August 14, 1903 (9th Parliament, 3rd Session)

LIB

Henry Robert Emmerson

Liberal

Mr. EMMERSON.

My hon. friend from Torouto (Mr. Brock) shakes his head. Anybody who knows nothing about it is in a position to deny, but those who understand it, those who have information upon the subject, are not in that position. There is one thing that is known and known to a verity, and that is that there are very many rich farms to the north of us on the Gatineau river, along the Desert, and on the Baska-tonge. Even to-day, without these facilities, the pioneer has gone in and he has demonstrated that there can be carved out in that region rich and flourishing sections of agricultural country. I am informed that only the other day there left the city- of Montreal a colonizing expedition to visit this rich, this fertile, this splendid section of country, and I fancy that the very anticipation of this line of railway is what has induced these adventurers to go into that section of the country. They want to pre-empt the land for future occupation, they have gone there for that purpose, and already the fruits of this scheme are becoming evident in the province of Quebec. There are away north in sections of the country not penetrated by others than the explorer fine farms that have been snatched from the wilderness by the lumber operators. These farms are well situated, only that they require facilities for marketing. They are situated on the shores of lakes or streams or on the slopes of the hillsides. All this is evidence of the fact that there are in the provinces of Quebec and New Brunswick-I shall not refer to the province of Ontario as we are all familiar with what has been said in respect to that province-lying alongside the proposed route of this road lands rich in forest wealth and having prospects of rich mineral resources. These require development, and in their development settlements will be established and new constituencies created. In the province of

New Brunswick we are complaining and suffering to-day from the fact that we are losing at this redistribution a seat in this House. In the province of Ontario, they are losing, 1 think, six representatives, and if it had not been for the results of the Canadian Pacific Railway in the Algoma district, Ontario would have lost more than six. Now, these provinces, in order to retain their representation, must have the development of those sections of country which are now lying dead and dormant. The hope of New Brunswick lies now upon its great interior, in the development of its mineral resources, in making marketable its rich forest wealth and in the creation of rich agricultural districts. Decade after decade they are losing their representatives on the floor of this House. There must be something done to arrest this decay, and the same is true in respect of Ontario. If the Canadian Pacific Railway could establish settlements and assemble population to the extent of thousands and tens of thousands in the Algoma district to the north of the Nipissing, surely these other provinces by reason of this scheme, this railway, being projected through them can establish settlements, can make additions to the population, and effect the maintenance of the status of the provinces in the Dominion. Now, Mr. Speaker, I am sure that where so much has been said on this subject I will be only wearying the House and worrying myself if I were to attempt to elaborate more on this subject. It is fruitful of discussion, and I am sure, in a sense, very profitable, but there are other features of this scheme with which I desire to deal, and they are practically the features which while it is not sectional, will affect in a marked degree the constituency from which I come. I have said that the leadership in the criticism and condemnation of the Bill now under discussion comes from a gentleman who has for many years been the leader from New Brunswick in the councils of the executive of this Dominion. A gentleman who has held a very high position not only in his own province, but in the cabinet of the Dominion, and who has wielded a very marked influence, and I am bound to say worthily wielded that influence. The very fact that he criticises and condemns this measure, as hon. members know, must necessarily have an influence.

Topic:   NATIONAL TRANSCONTINENTAL
Subtopic:   RAILWAY.
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