February 28, 1928 (16th Parliament, 2nd Session)


James Malcolm (Minister of Trade and Commerce)



Just a moment; I will
answer that point very quickly. On the other hand, in the United States the unemployment this year represents 10 per cent of their total workers. My hon. friend says that the Canadian unemployed have gone to the United States. Let me read the employment of industries, and we will see:
The year 1927 was characterized by steady advances in manufacturing, in which activity was greater than in any other year since 1920; on December 1, the index was, in fact, higher than on the corresponding date in all other years of the record, including 1920. Statistics were received from some 3,875 manufacturers, employing, on the average, 472,286 operatives, as compared with 452,392 in 1926-
That showed an increase of the operatives of the reporting firms themselves, on their own figures, of 20,000 in the one year.
-while the mean index, standing at 95.6, compared satisfactorily with an average of 92.1 in

The Budget-Mr. Malcolm
the preceding year. Practically all divisions of manufacturing shared in the generally favourable movement. Especially noteworthy were the gains in the iron and steel, pulp and paper, food, rubber and textile groups, which together employ a large proportion of the workers engaged in manufacturing processes.
My hon. friend can have that statement verified by the figures of production in Canada, which I would like to give him. In the year 1926 the total value of the products of Canadian industry reached the enormous total of $3,250,000,000. That represented exactly a million dollars a day more industrial production in Canada than in the year 1927, and the increase of 4 per cent in employment in 1927 over 1926 indicates that the industrial production in this country in the year just dosed will reach the enormous total of something around $3,450,000,000. The figures of actual production supplied to the statistical department by the industries themselves and the figures of employment supplied by the industries both tally with the figures of the labour organizations of Canada, and show irrefutably that Canada in the past fourteen years has absorbed practically two million people who have come to her shores, and that unemployment other than seasonal does not exist in this Dominion. Mr. Speaker, it is an interesting fact that we never hear of unemployment in Canada between May and December, it is never a question of discussion anywhere in thiscountry. It so happens however that thishouse meets iust at the time of the yearwhen seasonal unemployment exists, therefore statements made on this side as to employment and statements made on the other side as to unemployment can both be

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