May 15, 1922 (14th Parliament, 1st Session)


Thomas Alexander Crerar



I do not know, Mr. Speaker, and I submit that that is not relevant to the particular question we are discussing. I will deal in a moment or two with the point raised by my hon. friend from South Oxford. That is the position that has been taken by Denmark in regard to the importation and manufacture of oleomargarine. There is not a country in the
world, I repeat, that has not permitted its manufacture and importation.
There is one other question: Has the importation and manufacture of oleomargarine injured our dairy industry? My hon. friend the Minister of Agriculture knows that as far as the exportable dairy products of Canada are concerned they have been mainly in the form of cheese. Prior to the war Canada exported annually 180,000,000 to 200,000,000 pounds of cheese, which found its main market in Great Britain. The cheese industry was developed in Ontario and in the neighbouring province of Quebec rather than the butter industry, and it is only in comparatively recent years that the latter industry has been developed in this country. But has it withered and failed under the competition of oleomargarine? Not according to the trade figures, because I find that in the last four years the butter exports of Canada have been well up to the mark. In 1917 we exported almost 8,000,000 pounds of butter; in 1918, almost 5,000,000 pounds; in 1919, 13,500,000 pounds; in 1920,
17,500,000 pounds, and during those years we have been using oleomargarine.

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