May 15, 1922 (14th Parliament, 1st Session)


William Richard Motherwell (Minister of Agriculture)



It is rarely that
you can get exact parallels in this world. This is not a parallel, any more than the Japanese question is a parallel. The one deals with cows, the other with men; in the case of my hon. friend it is the Wheat Board. But in the case of the Wheat Board my hon. friends are asking for something of especial interest to themselves. If a thing is in the public interest; if the interest of an industry is locked up with the public interest, then it is good business to advocate it, and that is what I am endeavouring to do in connection with the dairying industry. An hon. member has put this note in my hand:
Oleo lessens the number of cows raised and therefore starves the soil and hurts mixed farming in general.
That is true. In the older countries of the world the people are so much concerned about the fertility of the soil that they do not use mechanical power on the land because it is non-productive of fertilizer. I had the pleasure of visiting Europe eleven or twelve years ago, and I asked the older farmers there why they did not make more use of mechanical power. They use all

kinds of animal power, even to native oxen from the Carpathian mountains, proceeding on the principle that every hoof of live stock which can be obtained and maintained should be kept on the farm. So it is with the dairying industry; every additional hoof kept on the farm results in increased fertility of the soil. I know that may not appeal to western men; the question does not affect us there as yet. In fact, our difficulty is to get our manure piles taken from the barnyard with the least possible expense, though in the older sections the fertilizer is being used on the land as it should be. But the amount of live stock in the older parts of the country will determine to what extent the fertility of the soil will be maintained and increased.
Some hon. members have had the ad-vantage of discussing this matter in the House on several different occasions. More than half the members of this Parliament are new members-I am one of them- and to those new members the subject is not a worn out one as it may be to hon. gentlemen who have been here for some time. There is an honest difference of opinion on this question. Do you not think, Mr. Speaker, that if we apply the brakes at all we should start with renovated butter? I am prepared to advocate the removal of the restriction in that regard, which would result in the liberation for sale in our own market, at approximately the same price as oleo,-of 1,000,000 pounds of real butter which is 100 per cent fat and has 100 per cent food content.

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