1. R. N. Wilson.
3. The inspector reported as follows:
The catitle business which should be the greatest industry here has for some years been declining at a tremendous rate. The agent's annual report shows that in 1909 they had 7,348 head, which in 1910 had fallen to 5,285 head, or a loss of 2,063 head, which, if estimated at $30 each, would represent $61,890, and the calf crop had fallen from 1,667 to 980 in one year. At the count this year which was made during the dipping for mange, and which can be relied upon as nearly correct as can be made under the circumstances, the count was 2,934, and 459 calves branded in addition. This makes a loss to the herd of 2,351 head, which at an average of $30 per head represents $70,530, or a loss in two seasons of over $132,000 in value, besides a reduction in the calf crop from 1,667 in 1909 to 459 in 1911, although it is altogether likely there will be more calves dropped this year. It will be noted that there are only 912 cows left and 98 two-year-old heifers. These are the classes that a hard winter affects the most here, because nothing was done to provide against the cold weather, no hay was put up, the calves were not weaned, and the yearling heifers were not kept away from the bulls. Consequently when the severe weather came the calves sapped the strength of the cows, and the heifers raising two years, heavy with calf and maturing their bodies, were not able to stand it. I cannot understand how everything was allowed to go on so recklessly after the previous year's loss. I asked the stockman how it happened that no preparations were made, and his reply was characteristic, that "the agent would rather provide a diamond ring for the engineer than a toothpick for the stockman."
Subtopic: BLOOD INDIAN RESERVE