March 26, 1918 (13th Parliament, 1st Session)


William Findlay Maclean


Mr. W. F. MACLEAN (South York):

Mr. Speaker, I was brought up with the idea that early to bed, early to rise, makes a man healthy and wise. I still believe that. It may make him. wealthy, too. But if it makes him healthy instead of wealthy, or *both, SO' much the better. There is a principle underlying all legislation. Those who have discussed legislation have laid down certain principles concerning it and they have laid down the principle that legislation must work itself out, it must justify itself. The only thing to do is to make the experiment. All progress in the way of legislation is largely experimental. I would like to see the. experiment toied. I am disposed to support the Bill and to have the experiment made. If it Is wrong, and if it does injure the farmer, then the law may toe repealed. I agree with what has been said toy farmers in the House to-day that in the early hours of the morning you cannot go on -the land. I have noticed the ploughs held- up in the morning, when they were doing fall ploughing, by frost in the ground. But there is a way of overcoming " that, and then there is other -work on. the farm that can toe done. What has toeen said about the hay crop and other crops is also true; you cannot go to work early in the morning. I agree with what the hon. member for Kent, N.B. (Mr. Leger), has said in regard to his locality, that you cannot do work so. well in the morning as later on. But these things must adjust themselves. A -w>ay .must be found of adjusting the farm labour question, of paying the farm labourers, for their work and applying that work at such times as wili best conduce to production on .the farm. All this has to toe worked, out. Another reason in favour of this, change is that the United States of America believes that it will be to the general advantage to have the clock put forward an. hour, and therefore, my idea is that the experiment ought to be made

here. We ought to try it out and if it is as advantageous as it has (been in many other countries, we ought to make the experiment. If it is not successful, we can repeal the law.
We have now come to a point in the world's history where we are confronted with the question of the reconstruction of the world, by reason of this war. There are a lot of progressive measures that must be adopted. Perhaps this is one of them. The reconstruction of the calendar is another, and the standardizing of weights and measures is another. All these things- are going to he tried out and experimented with. I think that most -of them will be dealt with on the lines of progress. Our railway and transportation questions is a most important one, and the transportation question in Canada is the same as it is in the United States. They are going to take up in the United States this daylight saving proposal. We will have to do it here. We have the same system of running our railways in Canada that they have in the United States. The signals and the rules governing the men who operate the railways are absolutely'the same; they have been continentalized; and if we are going to keep up with the march of progress we must continentalize a lot of things. There are other interests as well as the farming interests in this country, and I believe the farmers will have to put up for a time with the operation of this Bill while we see how it works out. The great economic re-organization in America is at hand, it is here now; it is up to us and we must move on progressive, continental lines. We have got to continentalize the law; we must make changes in the general law. We have to define what the maker of a note is and what the endorser of a note is, and we have to do it on ' broad, general lines. We have been giving too much time in the past to defending local interpretations of these things. If America is to be what it ought to be, and if we realize the meaning of this war of democracy, of progress and of reconstruction, we have to start out on broad lines and on many questions we have to do as our neighbours to the south of us have done.

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