We find that the certainty that an undesirable immigrant will have to be taken back is a better deterrent than a heavy fine, because the company might be able to escape the fine. It is not the severity of the punishment, but the certainty, which is its best deterrent. If my hon. friend could only hear the roar which a steamship company puts up every time it has to take an immigrant back, he would think it was punished very severely.
Subtopic: IMMIGRATION ACT AMENDMENT.