No, the treaty goes into- effect after ratification, and the ratification means, not merely the approval by the legislative chambers, but the formal exchange of ratification, as it is called by the diplomatic world, which will have to take place at Paris. Until that formality occurs, the treaty can in no case come into operation. That cannot take place until after the parliament of Canada has approved of the supplementary treaty, and until the French chambers have approved of the supplementary treaty. My view in that respect was that we properly hastened to give approval to the treaty last year, but we found that our French brethren were not able to proceed so rapidlv. We think it is only proper that we should now await their action before asking the parliament of Canada to take further steps.