June 7, 1905 (10th Parliament, 1st Session)


Alfred Thompson

Conservative (1867-1942)


No, but I can tell nay-lion. friend that he may toe cock sure they will come. But when they do come, it is not half as cold there as it is here with the same temperature, because there we have practically no moisture in the air, and it is not much colder at 60 degrees there than it is at 45 degrees here, so far as human endurance goes.
Agriculture is the chief occupation, and cattle breeding. In 1897 they had 243 thousand horses, 549 thousand cattle and 419 thousand sheep. Government has, from 150 to 200 factories of woollen and linen fabrics, soap, leather, candles, glass, iron foundries, brick kilns, distilleries and salt works, and it supports a population which, in 1897, was 1,365,587 souls. Latitude 6165 north. English settled in Vologda in sixteenth century, and it was a great centre of trade.
And, Mr. Speaker, that province of Vologda, in northern Russia, in practically the same latitude as our Yukon territory, has to-day a population of 1,161,000 souls, and if a province can do that in Russia our province can successfully do it in Canada. He makes one practical remark here :
To-day it may well be characterized by the term which has been employed in connection with the Mackenzie basin, a portion of ' Canada's great reserve.'
I will not trouble the House with an-more from Dr. Dawson, but his opinion i: concurred in toy Professor Macoun. But want to refer to one paragraph used by an other gentleman, just as competent t< speak upon the climatic conditions of th. Yukom I refer to Dr. Sturmvt. whose office js in Toronto, and who is the head of tin Meteorological Survey of Canada. H< gives a very fitting answer to those whe have erroneous views with regard to tin v\ intei in the Yukon, for he savs :

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