Mr. J. G. Diefenbaker (Leader of the Opposition):
Mr. Speaker, I rise for the purpose of saying but a few concluding words on behalf of this party with regard to the bill which we hope will soon be implemented and become of the law of the land. Indeed, one cannot but feel on this occasion that in the legislation now before the house we have come to the end of a long road that began in 1919 when the Liberal convention of that year promised health insurance legislation, and in successive elections Canadians have heard of the possibility of its introduction should the Liberal party be successful.
We have come now to the end of the road so far as the general skeleton of the legislation is concerned but there still remain various sectors of the community that should be included in the provisions of the legislation which are as yet untouched. Naturally we are very pleased with the legislation. I think a word of tribute is due to the premier of Ontario the Hon. Leslie Frost, who, at the last dominion-provincial conference, demanded that this subject be placed on the agenda and ever since has applied pressure in order to achieve the legislation now before us, although not being entirely satisfied that all hospitals which ought to be included are included within the ambit of the legislation.
Our desire while giving full support to the legislation as we have throughout, and in the amendment moved by the hon. member for Eglinton (Mr. Fleming), is to do our part even at this late hour to improve the legislation in order to make it more effective. I am
going to read clause 2, subclause (e), the definition of "hospital", to which the amendment moved by the hon. member has reference. It is in these words:
"Hospital" means a hospital or other facility, prescribed by the regulations, providing in-patient or out-patient services, but does not include
(i) a tuberculosis hospital or sanatorium,
(ii) a hospital or institution for the mentally ill, or
(iii) a nursing home, a home for the aged, an infirmary or other institution the purpose of which is the provision of custodial care.
The amendment moved by the hon. member would refer the bill to the committee of the whole for the purpose of considering this clause and thereby giving an opportunity, even at this late hour, of including within the ambit of the legislation sanatoria, tuberculosis hospitals and institutions and hospitals for the mentally ill. I cannot understand this omission. While tuberculosis is in recession, mental diseases are on the increase. The hon. member for Lanark (Mr. Blair) placed on Hansard the record in this regard, a startling record, a frightening one, one which indicates a terrible toll and that mental diseases are, to a challenging degree, on the increase. The statistics he placed before the house indicated that between 1932 and 1954 there had been an increase of 87 per cent in the number of patients in mental institutions, or a total of 68,050. That is a very serious situation.
I listened to the minister as he made his explanation. I always find the minister intensely interesting. He possesses an unusual capacity for elucidation without providing the same degree of light, and what he says he says with a becoming suavity. But in all the arguments that he advanced I found no serious reason why these two groups, mental hospitals and tuberculosis hospitals or sanatoria, should not be included. His attitude was that to do so would be to assist the provinces, to subsidize them, I think was the expression.
As I have followed the course of the legislation I have wondered sometimes whether the government really intended when it was introduced that it would go into effect, for the minister imposed a veto on its application by providing that a majority of the provinces in number and in population would have to join the scheme before the legislation would become effective. That I cannot understand. Why is there this departure from the provisions in the past for the bringing into effect of social legislation unless the reason for the imposition of the qualification in question was the hope that the legislation could not or would not be implemented?
There is also the further disqualification of sanatoria and mental hospitals. Why is this? Why are these hospitals and institutions discriminated against? I say that the legislation in its present form is discriminatory in that it denies these institutions a right that should be theirs. The hon. member for Eglin-ton said that it had that effect and that there was no reason to draw a distinction. The minister says that no distinction has been drawn. In point of fact, whether or not the distinction was intentionally drawn, the result is that there is discrimination against these two types of institutions.
At the present time the provinces find themselves with a smaller and smaller share of the tax dollar and with an increasing problem intensified by our modern way of life which has resulted in the multiplication of the number of mental patients. This load of responsibility cannot be discharged properly by the provinces. I suggest that now the minister give reconsideration to the question and accept the amendment of the hon. member for Eglinton which he moved on behalf of this party. Now that we are passing such legislation every reasonable facet of the problem should be met, for once the legislation finds its place on the statute books an amendment in order to cover tuberculosis sanatoria and institutions and mental institutions will be almost impossible of attainment. I cannot see that this demand is unreasonable and I feel that reality demands acceptance of the principle contained in the amendment moved.
This legislation which is designed to bring about the beneficial results which were pictured in such lucid language by the minister just before the dinner adjournment should not remain incomplete by denying to these institutions equality with the hospitals qualified under this legislation. The legislation as it is in its present form, beneficial as it will be, acceptable as it is to members in all parts of the house, is a step in the right direction. But the goal that all of us have in mind will not be achieved until the two types of institutions to which I have made reference are included within the provisions of this legislation.
Having said that I conclude my argument, for I do not wish to cover ground already covered. We in the opposition throughout the years have favoured this type of legislation. All parts of the house are in support of it. I ask the minister, before a vote is taken, once more to reconsider the matter to the end that, after a period of 38 years of promises periodically made and unkept, the legislation should be as complete as it is possible to make it and should cover all classes of medical institutions within our
country instead of discriminating against two, thereby placing upon the provinces a greater load of responsibility than their financial position permits them to discharge.
Subtopic: AUTHORIZATION OF PAYMENTS FROM CONSOLIDATED REVENUE FUND