April 12, 1951 (21st Parliament, 4th Session)


Heber Harold Hatfield

Progressive Conservative

Mr. Hatfield:

Just before the dinner recess I asked the minister a question in regard to -select territory on the Canadian Pacific railway and the Canadian National railway. I understand that the Canadian Pacific railway -point is Boundary. Boundary is east of Megantic. That is not a comparable point with Diamond Junction. That is about 125 miles short of the point called Diamond Junction.
In New Brunswick a person shipping over the Canadian Pacific railway has less advantage than a person in New Brunswick shipping over the Canadian National railway. This point of Boundary should- be changed to Farnham, Quebec. I see that the only recommendation the commission make is that section 6 of the act should be changed in regard to keeping a separate account so that they will conform to the present practice of breaking the law. I have never heard of a recommendation like that before. At present it seems that the railways pay no attention to section 6 of the act. I cannot find out how the accounts of the Maritime Freight Rates Act are kept. The government knows where the rates are in effect. It looks to me as though the shipper in Nova Scotia gets more advantage than the shipper in New Brunswick. The shipper in Newfoundland would get still more advantage.
In regard to export trade the act refers to shipments between Fredericton and Saint

John, and from Fredericton to Liverpool. The act defines freight between Fredericton and Saint John, New Brunswick. All the export freight originates north of Fredericton, New Brunswick, or practically all of it. There is practically no advantage whatever in this part of the act. I do not suppose that half a dozen carloads of freight originates in Fredericton, or between Fredericton and Saint John for export; therefore the shippers north of Fredericton have no advantage, and that is where practically 90 per cent of the export freight in New Brunswick originates.
I should like the minister to look into this. The act should be amended regardless of the recommendation of the commission. They do not do anything but recommend that the act be repealed so that the railways can conform with what they have done. They have broken the law all along since September 26, 1926, and the commission wants them to continue to break the law. That is all they recommend in the report. It is something like the flour milling report.
Now, with regard to trucking competition-

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