April 13, 1948 (20th Parliament, 4th Session)

CCF

Angus MacInnis

Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (C.C.F.)

Mr. MacINNIS:

Thank you, Mr. Speaker, I will do the best I can. I was stating that I was opposed to the principle of the communist party that the end justifies the means, and I said that was not a new philosophy in history. I maintain that the means used to achieve any purpose will have an effect on those using them. We cannot use bad means to achieve even a good end without ourselves being debased in the process. I should like hon. members to pay particular attention to that, because in our political activities in this country bad means are used to achieve what some people may at the time consider to be good ends. But as I say, we cannot use bad means without ourselves becoming debased in the process.
Criminal Code Amendment

I wish to make one thing quite clear so that even my hon. friends over here will be able to understand it. I believe that today the'communist party is the greatest menace in the world to human peace and freedom. It is filling the world with fear and foreboding and distrust. If there is anything worse than that, I do not know what it is.
Having said that as clearly as I possibly can, I want to go on to say that I am opposed to this bill. In my opinion it is the embodiment of the principle and philosophy of the communist party. It adopts the principle of the communist party that what you do not like you suppress. We are not going to overcome the evils of communism by adopting the methods of communism into the laws of our country.
Remember that this bill proposes to outlaw the communist party, not because they have committed illegal acts but because they have ideas which we do not like. That is implicit in the bill. They are being outlawed as political opponents. It is true that all political opponents are not to be outlawed at once under this bill; but I should like to point out, as was mentioned many times in this house yesterday, that if we adopt the principle of this bill it may be but a beginning. It should be observed that the communist party itself does not abolish or liquidate all its opponents at once. It takes them one at a time, but ultimately the point is reached where every party but the communist party is liquidated. Once we embark on a policy of suppressing or outlawing organizations or associations of people because we do not like their ideas, where shall we end? Where will be the limit to our suppressions?
The bill mentions the Communist Party of Canada and the Labour Progressive Party of Canada by name, but it also includes others. I quote from the bill which I have before me:
. . . and any association, society, group or organization having similar aims or purposes are declared to be, and shall he deemed to be illegal organizations . . .
Mr. LaCROIX: Provided that a superior court of criminal jurisdiction has expressed the opinion that the association is an illegal one.

Topic:   CRIMINAL CODE
Subtopic:   ORGANIZATIONS ADVOCATING OVERTHROW OF CONSTITUTED AUTHORITY
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