Mr. ROSS (Moose Jaw):
Both parts of this item have to do with the importation of machinery for the development of the oil
resources of Canada, but one has reference to machinery for producing unrefined oil from shale, while the other has to do with the production of oil from tar sands in western Canada. I notice in this item that the machinery for producing oil from shale is free of duty except for the motive power in the machines. With a war on, and with such dire necessity for oil in this country, I see no reason why there should be any tariff whatever on any machinery that can be used for developing the oil resources of Canada at this time. Even if it is an engine that goes into the machine, we are not going to interfere with anyone making engines in Canada to-day merely because we permit the free importation of an engine for an oil drilling machine of any type. Engines are so hard to obtain now that you must get priorities before you can obtain them. All this oil drilling machinery and all material used for the development of oil, such as pipe, drilling machines, bit stems, bits, refining machinery, and so on, should be allowed in duty free from any country in which we can get them, in order to develop our oil resources.
Much has been said by leaders throughout the democratic part of this world in the last few months about freeing the channels of trade throughout the world when the war is over, in order that all democratic countries may have access to raw materials and may trade with other countries in order that there may be a fuller life throughout this whole world. If we are ever to get at that at all, it is time we were getting at it now. If there is one thing for which I have to criticize the Minister of Finance in connection with this budget it is that in it he has made no move toward that end. If we cannot have some of these restrictive tariffs removed now, when there is no necessity in the world for them, when this war is over it will be even more difficult to do it. To-day we are more and more industrializing one certain part of Canada. By the time the war is over that part of Canada will be so highly industrialized that they will fight every move that is made to reduce tariffs, and the result will be that other parts of Canada will suffer even more than they have suffered in the past.
Subtopic: CUSTOMS TARIFF