Hon. ERNEST LAPOINTE (Minister of Justice) (Translation):
Mr. Speaker, it is
for me a great honour and an important duty to second the resolution of the right hon. the Prime Minister (Mr. Mackenzie King) expressing to His Majesty the King and to Queen Mary the sentiments of profound and respectful sympathy that the death of King George V has called forth from the hearts of the Canadian people.
Throughout his entire life, by his dignity, his universally known kindness, as well as by the conscientious performance of his duties, his devotion to the interests of the empire and his strict adherence to constitutional rules and practice, the sovereign who has just departed has merited the fidelity and affection of his subjects, -while at the same time fulfilling the ideal of the monarch, friendly to peace and respectful of the liberty of individuals and of nations.
It is during his glorious reign and with his cooperation that Canada has evolved from the status of a colony to that of a nation, free but ever loyal to its king. This is for us Canadians a particular reason to honour the memory of him who thus accepted to become in a manner more directly the sovereign of this country of ours, which is gradually and peacefully progressing from adolescence to national maturity.
As a representative in this house of the French population, I am sure that I faithfully interpret the sentiments of my compatriots when I say that the departed king has instilled into the hearts of all of us feelings of respect, of loyalty and of love that only truly worthy, truly great kings can inspire.
In the family of the British dominions, George V has magnificently incarnated the principle of unity, of duration, that gives to the members of this wTorld-wiide association the inspiration and the means to accomplish their respective tasks and to fulfil their common destiny. In fact, as a French writer has said, the king " represents the nation in all of its characteristics that are continuous, unchangeable, eternal."
If Goethe was right in saying: "Nothing is great that does not endure," history will record that- it is the reign of George V that ensured the survival of constitutional monarchy in the world.
Parliament honours itself this day in rendering, on behalf of every citizen of the country, its homage of just gratitude -to him who has so nobly lived his life as a man and so usefully fulfilled his mission as a king.
To His Majesty King Edward VIII to Queen Mary, to the whole royal family so cruelly stricken, Canadians respectfully extend
sympathies all the more sincere because of the profound grief they themselves feel.
I desire in addition to assure His Majesty the King that our loyalty and fidelity to him, our respect for his person and our attachment to British traditions will be the same under his reign as they -have been under that of his illustrious predecessor.
Mr. J. II. BLACKMORE (Lethbridge): Mr. Speaker, it has been a great delight to me to hear the expressions of loyal devotion to our king and queen. I should like to add to those expressions just a few words on behalf of the people whom I represent, the loyal social credit people throughout the Dominion of Oanada. AVe rejoice in our king; we rejoice in the British monarchy; we have rejoiced particularly in the good work of King George. I am reminded of the words of Tennyson in his great poem on the Death of the Duke of AVellington, wherein he speaks of-
That sober freedom out of which there springs .
Our loyal passion for our temperate lungs.
That sober freedom, difficult to define but nevertheless a remarkable characteristic of the race to which we have the privilege to belong, a sober freedom out of which there springs a loyal passion for constitutional monarchy. Starting in the last century, about 1820, there became intensified one of the greatest struggles for the liberty of man in this world's history. It first became really manifest in Great Britain when the reform bill of 1832 was passed. From that time on and throughout that century, culminating in 1917, there was an incessant and tireless struggle of the common man upward to freedom; a struggle to gain representative institutions, responsible government, freedom to vote as he chose through the secret ballot and universal suffrage. And through all that struggle, steadily with the people was the temperate monarchy of Great Britain, particularly through the years of Victoria the Good, when the greatest number of those battles were fought. Through all those years the monarchy of Britain was with the common man, with the people. I am reminded of a little poem which I shall modify slightly; I believe it expresses the thought as I see it:
As to the bow the cord is,
So to Britain is the monarchy.
Though it bends her it obeys her;
Though it draws her yet it follows.
A most remarkable condition, which I believe has not been known in all this world's history before, but a condition verily true.
Commencing in 1920, or perhaps a little before, the British people began to discover
Death oj King George V
that they were engaged in another desperate struggle upwards towards freedom. The leaders had recognized it before. We are struggling towards economic liberty equal to the political liberty which we have achieved. In the struggle for economic freedom I believe I see, sir, a British monarchy true to its finest traditions as exemplified in His Majesty King George V, still bending the empire and still leading, yet still obeying and still following. We find His Majesty on June 12, 1933, making a statement in the following words. He was speaking before a great economic conference which but for those words perhaps have been hopelessly abortive, but which as a result of those words had an influence upon mankind. The words were:
It cannot be beyond the power of man so to use the vast resources of the world as to ensure the material progress of civilization. No diminution in these resources has taken place. On the contrary, discovery, invention and organization have multiplied their possibilities to such an extent that abundance of production has! itself created new problems.
I submit, sir, that in those words our beloved monarch, whom we mourn from one corner of this British Empire to its remotest bounds, recognized the great struggle which was then commencing and expressed his sympathy with the toiling millions of us who are striving upward towards economic freedom. And I rejoice that our new sovereign, Edward VIII, in whom I feel we are justified in placing such great hope, has already manifested on several occasions similar vision. At one time when he was visiting the mining areas in the north of England, as the king saw the out-ofwork miners in their grim homes it caused him to exclaim, "Whait a ghastly mess it all is! It makes me positively sick. What is the cause of all this? It cannot go on. It is a blot on England." And again at a later time, speaking before the international congress on commercial education in July, 1932, he said; " Our urgent task is to bring consumption and production into proper relationship-not a simple but a quite possible task."
Mr. Speaker, I rejoice in those words. I look forward with confidence, and I pray, with you and the other hon. members here, that God will direct that man in ruling this country and will direct the statesmen who are called to advise him in the various great dominions of the British Empire, in such a way that all shall work together under God to bring consumption into harmony with production, and go forward in the great struggle for economic liberty. And may the Lord fulfil in King Edwards' case the promise made in His behalf by a great hymn writer:
For I will be with thee thy troubles to bless,
And sanctify to thee thy deepest distress.
Subtopic: MOTION FOB HUMBLE ADDRESS TO HIS MAJESTY