May 27, 1935 (17th Parliament, 6th Session)

LIB

Charles A. Stewart

Liberal

Mr. STEWART (Edmonton):

And every other province.
M,r. BENNETT: Yes. The only properties we have are in the Northwest Territories, the national parks and our experimental farms. With respect to reforestation the position is the same. We discussed the matter with the provinces on one occasion, but this dominion

has no authority over these woodlands near this city and no control, direct or indirect, remote or near; neither can it touch them in any way, shape or form unless there were legislation specifically directed to that end, and then the question would arise of the conflict between the crown in the right of the dominion and in the right of the province, and the purposes for which the crown right of the dominion desires to exercise its powers of expropriation. The whole matter was considered in a case that went to the privy council in connection with the right of way for a railway in northern Ontario, and the supremacy of the crown in the right of the dominion to expropriate provincial crown land for that purpose under the Railway Act as against anyone else was upheld. But as far as this particular question is concerned, we can talk about it, but the only authority that can deal with it is the province of Quebec or the province of Ontario as the case may be, unless we amend our constitution, which the formation of a federal district would involve. For a federal district comprising parts of two provinces would of necessity require a change in the British North America Act itself, having regard to the provisions concerning our parliamentary representation.

Topic:   PUBLIC WORKS PROGRAM
Subtopic:   WORKS, 'UNDERTAKINGS AND GUARANTEE OP RAILWAY EQUIPMENT SECURITIES TO CREATE EMPLOYMENT
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