19. Since that time we have read of Mr. Bennett's visit to Washington and of his attempts to sell his power at five mills, which he said could be sold quite easily. There is no question but that Dr. Keenley-side also said that; but let me tell you that though Dr. Keenleyside is a most impressive figure in a village hall, he did not win the hearts of my constituents.
20. Premier Bennett's latest move suggesting that a United States negotiator be appointed to carry on negotiations between the government of Canada and the government of British Columbia. Did you ever before hear of anything like that in Canadian history, a premier suggesting that we go to the United States to get a negotiator to carry on negotiations between the government of Canada and the government of British Columbia?
21. This whole sorry mess is, I say, proof that the government entered into this treaty without planning and without the facts, and listened to the boys who make decisions based on computer machines without any relation to the conservation of Canada's natural resources or the sociological aspects of this very important problem.
22. General McNaughton approached this problem as a Canadian development. The treaty reverses this position, because while the Americans are physically downstream the treaty gives them all the rights of an upstream state by reason of their obtaining Canada's consent to the building of the Libby dam.
What in brief are the major defects of this treaty from our point of view?
1. This treaty is the result of a complete lack of planning and lack of knowledge of the facts. It is the result of political rather than co-operative and effective planning. This government entered into the treaty before it knew it could build the High Arrow dam. There are doubts yet about the safety of the foundation. Drillers have gone down hundreds of feet and have not been able to find rock.
The government entered into the treaty without knowing the cost of moving huge quantities of timber to the pulp mill below the dam. The government entered into the treaty, and the government of British Columbia is to blame as well, without any estimate of the damage to public and private investment, wharves, docks, roads, highways, farms, villages, 18 communities wiped out almost completely and others partially. The government signed the treaty without any assessment of the damage to agricultural land, timber and so on.
2. The treaty for the first time in Canadian history gives control of Canadian waters to United States authorities. For the first time in Canada's history this treaty hands over to another state sovereign rights that belong to Canada.
3. It diminishes the value of the Columbia river for power development in Canada and also provides for power at a higher cost than would be possible under the McNaughton plan. That can be proved.
4. It means the loss of permanent jobs for Canadians forever.
5. It unnecessarily destroys land and living space and millions in public and private investment. Under this treaty we destroy 57,000 acres of agricultural land and forest by the flooding of the Arrow lakes region and of a portion of East Kootenay, whereas under General McNaughton's plan we can bring into production in the future hundreds of thousands of acres of some of the most fertile land in Canada and lay the foundation for a great cattle industry in that area.
6. It destroys recreational resources, fish and wildlife. The fish and wildlife people of British Columbia made a report on this matter. It destroys fishing in the Arrow lakes. The rise and fall of 78 feet annually makes it impossible for the fish to spawn and prevents a proper supply of food for them.
7. It destroys miles of beautiful sandy beaches. People go to Florida, but let me tell hon. members that the Arrow lakes district is the most beautiful inland park in Canada, with many miles of sandy beaches.