February 27, 1962

EXTERNAL AFFAIRS

DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS WITH INDEPENDENT AFRICAN STATES

PC

Howard Charles Green (Secretary of State for External Affairs)

Progressive Conservative

Hon. Howard C. Green (Secretary of State for External Affairs):

Mr. Speaker, the house is aware that the government has decided to extend its diplomatic relations with the independent states of Africa by opening two new resident diplomatic missions. On January 29 I informed hon. members of the appointment of the first Canadian high commissioner to Tanganyika, and today I am pleased to announce the appointment of Mr. Fulgence Charpentier as first Canadian ambassador to the republics of Cameroon Chad, Gabon and Congo (Brazzaville). He will be resident in the capital of Cameroon, Yaounde, with concurrent accreditation to the other three republics.

I am also pleased to announce that diplomatic relations have been established with the republics of Togo and Senegal. The Canadian high commissioner in Accra, Ghana, has been accredited as Canadian ambassador to the government of Togo; the Canadian high commissioner in Lagos, Nigeria, who is already accredited to Sierra Leone, has been accredited to the government of Senegal. This brings the number of African states with which Canada has formal relations to a total of 15. It is hoped that through arrangements for non-resident accreditation of our two Canadian heads of mission in Ghana and Nigeria, diplomatic relations will be established in the near future with additional French speaking states in west Africa.

The decision to establish diplomatic relations with these French speaking African states has been taken because of the increasing importance of Africa in world affairs and the growing influence of these states both within Africa and at the United Nations. The French African delegations have played a notably constructive part in the deliberations of the general assembly, and the Canadian delegation has worked closely with them on many issues. Sharing a common French cultural heritage, Canada and the French speaking states of Africa have a mutual interest in establishing diplomatic relations. The opening of diplomatic relations with these

countries will afford an excellent opportunity for strengthening these natural ties.

I think, Mr. Speaker, that this is a field in which Canada can render great service. In 1961 the government established an annual program for educational assistance to the French speaking countries of Africa, which the new mission will help to administer. Mr. Charpentier's appointment will give us a better insight into the problems and requirements of these countries, particularly in areas where Canadian experience will be useful.

Mr. Charpentier, a native of Ste. Anne de Prescott, Ontario, is well known on parliament hill and in the city of Ottawa. He was chief of French Journals in the House of Commons for some years and during the war was director of censorship, receiving the M.B.E. for his services. He was a controller of the city of Ottawa during the years 1932 to 1935. Since joining the Department of External Affairs in 1947 he has served abroad in a number of posts and is at present head of the passport office. Mr. Charpentier, who will take up his appointment shortly, will find that both French and English are used in Cameroon and therefore his proficiency in both these languages will be put to good use.

(Translation):

On the orders of the day:

Topic:   EXTERNAL AFFAIRS
Subtopic:   DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS WITH INDEPENDENT AFRICAN STATES
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LIB

Augustin Brassard

Liberal

Mr. Augustin Brassard (Lapointe):

Mr. Speaker, I should like to direct a question to the Secretary of State for External Affairs.

In view of the announcements he made as the house met, this afternoon, and in view of the fact that there are a great number of Ethiopians who speak French fluently and also that a number of Canadians are serving the cause of education in Ethiopia, is the government considering the possibility of accrediting a Canadian representative to the government of that country in the near future?

(Text):

Topic:   EXTERNAL AFFAIRS
Subtopic:   DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS WITH INDEPENDENT AFRICAN STATES
Permalink
PC

Howard Charles Green (Secretary of State for External Affairs)

Progressive Conservative

Hon. Howard C. Green (Secretary of State for External Affairs):

Mr. Speaker, we have under consideration accreditation with respect to several other African countries, but I am unable to make any announcement at this time.

Inquiries of the Ministry

Topic:   EXTERNAL AFFAIRS
Subtopic:   DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS WITH INDEPENDENT AFRICAN STATES
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NATIONAL DEFENCE

USE OF NUCLEAR WARHEADS IN EVENT OF WAR


On the orders of the day:


LIB

Lester Bowles Pearson (Leader of the Official Opposition)

Liberal

Hon. L. B. Pearson (Leader of ihe Opposilion):

I should like to ask the Prime Minister whether he has any comment to make on the reported opinion expressed yesterday by a United States military source in Washington to the effect that nuclear warheads shipped from the United States to Canada after war broke out would not be of use?

Topic:   NATIONAL DEFENCE
Subtopic:   USE OF NUCLEAR WARHEADS IN EVENT OF WAR
Sub-subtopic:   U.S. COMMENT
Permalink
PC

John George Diefenbaker (Prime Minister)

Progressive Conservative

Right Hon. J. G. Diefenbaker (Prime Minister):

I do not intend to make any observations on a matter as important as this on the basis of some report appearing in the press by some anonymous individual.

Topic:   NATIONAL DEFENCE
Subtopic:   USE OF NUCLEAR WARHEADS IN EVENT OF WAR
Sub-subtopic:   U.S. COMMENT
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LIB

Paul Theodore Hellyer

Liberal

Hon. Paul Hellyer (Trinity):

May I ask a

supplementary question, Mr. Speaker. Would the Prime Minister inform us if we can take it from his statement that atomic warheads would be available to Canadian troops in the event of war, that there is a secret agreement between the government of Canada and the government of the United States in respect of the provision of atomic warheads at that time?

Topic:   NATIONAL DEFENCE
Subtopic:   USE OF NUCLEAR WARHEADS IN EVENT OF WAR
Sub-subtopic:   U.S. COMMENT
Permalink
PC

John George Diefenbaker (Prime Minister)

Progressive Conservative

Mr. Diefenbaker:

For the edification of the hon. gentleman, Mr. Speaker, I would rec-commend your wise words of yesterday. "There has been a substantial exchange on this important matter. If it cannot be clarified in five supplementary questions, I think it might better be deferred to be the subject of a debate".

Topic:   NATIONAL DEFENCE
Subtopic:   USE OF NUCLEAR WARHEADS IN EVENT OF WAR
Sub-subtopic:   U.S. COMMENT
Permalink
LIB

Paul Theodore Hellyer

Liberal

Mr. Hellyer:

Would the Prime Minister not answer the question, which is a simple one? Is there an agreement or is there not an agreement?

Topic:   NATIONAL DEFENCE
Subtopic:   USE OF NUCLEAR WARHEADS IN EVENT OF WAR
Sub-subtopic:   U.S. COMMENT
Permalink
?

Some hon. Members:

Order.

Topic:   NATIONAL DEFENCE
Subtopic:   USE OF NUCLEAR WARHEADS IN EVENT OF WAR
Sub-subtopic:   U.S. COMMENT
Permalink
PC

Daniel Roland Michener (Speaker of the House of Commons)

Progressive Conservative

Mr. Speaker:

Order. The hon. member

knows he is not permitted to insist on an answer.

Topic:   NATIONAL DEFENCE
Subtopic:   USE OF NUCLEAR WARHEADS IN EVENT OF WAR
Sub-subtopic:   U.S. COMMENT
Permalink
LIB

Paul Theodore Hellyer

Liberal

Mr. Hellyer:

There must be an agreement if we are going to have them ultimately.

Topic:   NATIONAL DEFENCE
Subtopic:   USE OF NUCLEAR WARHEADS IN EVENT OF WAR
Sub-subtopic:   U.S. COMMENT
Permalink

COMMONWEALTH RELATIONS

NORTHERN RHODESIA


On the orders of the day:


NDP

Herbert Wilfred Herridge

New Democratic Party

Mr. H. W. Herridge (Kootenay West):

should like to direct a question to the Secretary of State for External Affairs. In view of a Canadian Press report that the British cabinet today reached a final decision on the constitution for Northern Rhodesia which would apparently allow for the possibility

of a negro majority, and in view of the influence enjoyed by Canada in commonwealth relations, would the minister assure the house that Canada will use its good offices with the government of the Rhodesian federation to urge that government to accept this evolution toward democracy?

Topic:   COMMONWEALTH RELATIONS
Subtopic:   NORTHERN RHODESIA
Sub-subtopic:   PREPARATION AND ADOPTION OF CONSTITUTION
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February 27, 1962