The province would have no share of the cost, but under this particular study the province could have an important share in the redevelopment and re-use of the land after the site is cleared.
The same type of study is being conducted in Saint John, New Brunswick with a more extensive study being undertaken in Toronto. Two separate studies are being performed in Winnipeg. All of these studies receive similar assistance from this government. A study is also being carried on in Vancouver. I suggest that many other cities and towns in Canada could obtain valuable assistance from studies of this kind and I suggest that they give serious thought to participating in such studies.
While a study of this nature is an essential first step, the real difficulty arises when consideration is given to implementing the recommendations of a study. Action in this
The Address-Mr. Dickey connection is provided by the act by way of a partnership between the federal and provincial governments or, alternatively, between the federal government and the municipality with provincial agreement in that kind of arrangement. Under this partnership the federal government may pay one-half of the gross cost of acquiring and clearing the area selected as a result of a study. The land can then be used by the municipality for its highest and best use. That is to say, it can be used for a low-rental project, for medium rental projects, for high rental, for public, commercial or industrial use, or the best combination of them. This is the change in the act which was brought about last year and I believe it makes these redevelopment proposals much more attractive to municipalities. It is a sensible change in that it makes land available for its highest and best use.
Central Mortgage and Housing Corporation can participate in redevelopment under any one of these plans provided for by the act through the joint financing of low-rental housing projects, limited dividend projects and the like. It is also possible that private enterprise can be welcomed to participate in one of these redevelopment plans in an appropriate way.
Redevelopment does not simply mean the demolition and rebuilding of an area. It means first of all the making of a plan, second, the demolition and clearing of the area selected; third, the taking of measures to prevent further blighting of the area and surrounding areas; and, fourth, the re-use of the land for its best use as decided by the municipality.
The advantages of these proposals are well summarized in a study made by the city of Toronto in 1956 of urban renewal. It points out that to the resident the advantages are the removal of overcrowded and unsanitary accommodation and its replacement by a wide range of dwellings in houses and apartments within or beyond the city limits and at prices or rents which are reasonable, or re-housing in the same area.
To the industrialist it provides sites to suit industries that need a central location, with adequate parking and loading facilities, efficient transportation of materials and products and good transit service for employees.
To the businessman it offers commercial districts expanded at logical locations, with ample parking facilities laid out for customers', clients', and office workers' convenience.
To the individual affected it offers areas where clearance and rebuilding or improvement projects are sponsored by the city, equitable treatment and fair prices to property owners.
The Address-Mr. MacLean
Then to the city council and all citizens it otters economy through the re-use of valuable but blighted areas, with an orderly plan of civic spending.
I have just caught your eye, Mr. Speaker, and I realize that my time is up. I want to conclude by saying that I hope the city of Halifax will take advantage of this study which I have mentioned and go forward to a sensible project for the re-use of land which may be selected by the city. I hope the town of Dartmouth and other cities and towns right across Canada will take advantage of these facilities for civic improvement.
Subtopic: CONTINUATION OF DEBATE ON ADDRESS IN REPLY