ultimate availability of an effective vaccine for poliomyelitis, planning and expansion of activities in the Department of National Health and Welfare have been geared to cope
Alberta . . B.C
with the demands expected to result from a development of this nature in the poliomyelitis field. At this time it is not possible to offer any prediction on the outcome of the vaccine trials in the United States. Nevertheless, in co-operation with the provinces the federal government has taken steps to ensure the availability of supplies of a vaccine for further trials this year.
Important steps have been taken in two general areas, research and the production of the vaccine.
Under the national health grants program, a special research effort is being supported at Connaught medical research laboratories in Toronto and the Institute of Microbiology and Hygiene in Montreal. At the former, investigation of the antigenic types of poliomyelitis present in Canada, studies of the poliomyelitis virus, its cultivation in tissue culture and the development of a vaccine have been assisted. At the Montreal institution, research on neurotropic virus, epidemiology of the disease and studies of poliomyelitis virus in tissue culture have also been supported with special grants. Altogether in these and other institutions in the present fiscal year over $83,000 has been earmarked for research in the field of poliomyelitis and related problems out of the public health research grant. During the previous year allocations for research in this area approximated $60,000. Neither of these amounts takes into consideration the extensive support provided under the national health grants program for blood fractionation and the production of gamma globulin.
In the laboratory of hygiene of the Department of National Health and Welfare, a special section dealing with virus research has been actively engaged in studies on the poliomyelitis virus and methods of testing a vaccine. There is another section in the laboratory which deals with tissue culture which is important in the propagation of poliomyelitis virus for the development of a vaccine.
Funds under the national health grants program are being provided for the processing of sufficient vaccine for the Canadian trials this year. The Connaught medical research laboratories have been engaged in preparing a large part of the culture fluids for poliomyelitis virus which were used by pharmaceutical manufacturers in the United States last year. It was possible therefore for them to undertake the preparation of the vaccine on behalf of the federal and provincial departments of health. For this purpose assistance is being provided under the general public health grant with the total expenditure
being shared by federal and provincial governments. This broad project involves the commitment of up to $375,000 national health grant funds with an equal amount from provincial sources. It has been planned that each provincial department of health will receive a proportionate share of the vaccine and will arrange for the trial of this material.
The biologies control and virus sections of the laboratory of hygiene have given special attention to poliomyelitis vaccine during the past three or four months. In close co-operation with the Connaught medical research laboratories, the vaccine is being retested for safety before it will be released to provincial authorities. This work is carried on under the authority of the Food and Drugs Act and is designed to give added protection as regards safety.
1. Has consideration been given to the setting up of a sales tax appeal board, similar to the income tax appeal board, so that appeals against any alleged unfairness in the imposition of sales taxes might be heard?
2. If so, what is the result of such consideration?
1. In what year was the National Harbours Board Act proclaimed?
2. What has been the cost of operation for each of the fiscal years from coming into effect to the last fiscal year, under the following headings (a) administration; (b) capital expenditures; (c) maintenance; (d) all other expenses?
Topic: QUESTIONS PASSED AS ORDERS FOR RETURNS
Subtopic: NATIONAL HARBOURS BOARD