me tonight is a question which is in the mind of practically everybody in America and I suppose pretty well all over the so-called free world. I wish to say something about Canada and the struggle against communism.
We Canadians and the other peoples of the nations who are pleased to call themselves free nations of the world are committing two appallingly dangerous blunders. We are basing our economics upon two major fallacies. The first is the false assumption that supply creates its own demand, in other words, the utterly erroneous notion that whenever goods like potatoes, shoes or lumber are produced, there somewhere automatically comes into consumers' hands money or effective demand sufficient to buy and consume those goods.
Second, there is the equally false and perhaps even more dangerous assumption that competitive international trading, no matter how free or non-discriminatory it may be, can satisfactorily distribute among the peoples the goods and services mankind is now able and willing to produce. These two fatal fallacies have in our own generation plunged us into two calamitous world wars and dragged us through a disastrous depression. These two iniquitous doctrines have, in eight short years after world war II, driven us to the very verge of either a third world war, ghastly beyond imagination's power to envision, or a second great depression too revolting to contemplate, or both the war and the depression, only to be followed, if not accompanied by, a world wide all-engulfing dictatorship of communism, a communist dictatorship, if not in name, at least in substance.
I do not know how a more disturbing picture could be drawn. Yet this is exactly what we have to look at this present moment of time in the year of our Lord, 1952. They are two utterly fallacious principles. I would like to know, if there is any way of finding out, just how many members of this house would agree with me in calling these principles fallacious, how many times they have to see these principles fail before they are convinced that there is something wrong with those principles.
Now may we take a look at some of the signs around us of conditions now prevalent among men, constituting highly suitable ground for communist seed. In the first place there is scarcity in whole areas of the world, scarcity so dangerous that we almost hold our breath lest the people involved shall go behind the iron curtain of their own free will and choice. While the figures I am going to give do not exactly indicate the scarcity presently existing, they certainly do indicate scarcity in the offing unless something substantial is done.
The Address-Mr. Blackmore
According to the figures I have there are 2,400 million people in the world today, and they tell us only about one billion of those are able to get anything like what they need to live on. According to the figures I have from the FAO 75,000 people are born every day; that is the margin over deaths. This means the world's population is increasing at the rate of 27 million a year. Yet here we are not only failing to adequately stimulate our production; we are allowing practices to continue which are threatening to destroy that production. For example, the export of textiles from the United States to Canada is threatening the destruction of the productive capacity of Canada in respect of textiles. Those textiles should be going to Java or Malaya, or some other country where they do not have textiles. The question is how we are to get them there; and if we cannot get them there, are we going to allow these United States people to destroy part of the productive capacity of Canada and indeed part of the actual production which is now going on in the world? Surely all that is necessary is to state that tragic absurdity to impress it upon the mind of any thinking person. Something is radically wrong with the way we are managing trade in the world.
At the same time we have this rapidly growing population, here is a picture of what is already actually taking place today in certain parts of the world. Paul Wiley Gordon, assistant executive director of CARE, speaking before a banquet of the 43rd annual congress of the Co-operative Union of Canada in Ottawa, is reported in the Ottawa Journal of March 6, 1952, as using these words:
Saying that the past decade had brought the "awful cycle of arms to armistice to arms again," the speaker declared that a direct fight against the causes of war to be waged on "a personal level" was needed, and that the peoples of countries with an abundance of goods must share that abundance with countries not so fortunate.
Further on he is reported as saying:
Warning that the world food picture was still poor, he outlined conditions in many parts of the world. India, in 1952, is threatened again with famine that will be even worse than last year, when thousands were reduced to eating leaves and grass. England, rationed to meagre austerity levels for more than a decade, still has no prospect in sight of being able to eat better. More than half the human race goes to bed hungry every night. Hunger is the fundamental fact that colours their thinking and rules their lives every day they exist.
May I add something I know does not need to be said, that hunger is the richest seed bed for communism. Every day we permit hunger to exist in the world when we have potential abundance we are deliberately contributing to the spread of communism, while we are supposed to be fighting it.