1. Have the railway companies granted a special freight rate lower than the general tariff in the movement of purebred livestock and the movement of livestock to fairs and exhibitions?
2. If so, what was the relationship between the said special rate and the regular tariff rates?
3. Does the federal government contribute to the freight cost of shipping (a) purebred livestock; (b) livestock moving to fairs and exhibitions?
4. If so, on what basis and to what extent?
5. Has notice been given to the effect that the railways are urging the discontinuance of the said special rate on the movement of (a) registered livestock; (b) livestock moving to fairs and exhibitions?
6. Has any department of government taken any steps towards retaining the special freight rate on the movement of (a) registered livestock; (b) livestock to fairs and exhibitions?
2. There is no uniform relationship between the so-called special rates and the regular tariff rates. To answer this question more precisely it would be necessary to know the number and kind of animals involved, and the points between which they are moving. It would then entail some considerable time to work out the relationship between the regular rate and the special rate.
In general, however, the following applies:
A. Purebred livestock: (1) Within western Canada-one half regular tariff rates subject to certain exceptions. (2) Within eastern Canada-one half standard mileage tariff rates, less carload only. (3) Between western and eastern Canada-approximately one half regular tariff rates on carloads, and one half first class rate, minimum weight 6,000 pounds per shipment for less carload.
B. Exhibition livestock: Where the movement to one exhibition and return is involved in western Canada, the full tariff rate to the exhibition point is charged and the return movement is free. Within Ontario and Quebec the going and returning rate is 60 per cent of the regular rate. Between eastern and western Canada the western basis applies. Where more than one exhibition is involved, the over-all rates from the original shipping point back to the same point are adjusted by reductions of from 40 to 50 per cent.
3. (a) No. (b) Yes, to the Royal Agricultural winter fair only.
4. Each provincial government, excepting Ontario, pays the freight on livestock moving from the province to the Royal Agricultural
winter fair. The Department of Agriculture of Canada reimburses the provinces to the extent of 75 per cent of the freight paid. The amount of this expenditure is approximately $10,000 per year.
5. (a) Yes. The tariffs applicable were cancelled June 1, 1949, upon full statutory notice.
(b) Yes. The tariffs applicable are to expire December 31, 1949, unless sooner cancelled, changed or extended.
6 and 7. Yes. Officers of the Department of Agriculture have assisted livestock associations in preparing briefs which were submitted to the railway companies by breed associations. The Minister of Agriculture has written the presidents of both railway companies supporting the representations of the breed associations.