May 14, 1948


Motion agreed to.


CANADA SHIPPING ACT

AMENDMENTS TO ACT OF 1934


Hon. LIONEL CHEVRIER (Minister of Transport) moved the first reading of Bill No. 300 (from the senate), to amend the Canada Shipping Act, 1934. Motion agreed to and bill read the first time.


PALESTINE

TERMINATION OF BRITISH MANDATE-PROTECTION OF BRITISH NATIONALS


On the orders of the day:


PC

Thomas Langton Church

Progressive Conservative

Mr. T. L. CHURCH (Broadview):

Has the government any statement to make as to the termination today of the British mandate in Palestine, which expires at six p.m., our daylight saving time? What protection will be afforded British nationals, and what action has the government taken about the Palestine situation since this matter was raised by me in February 1947 and last spring? I should like to have a reply.

Right Hon. L. S. ST. LAURENT (Secretary of State for External Affairs): With respect to the first of the hon. member's questions, I am sure that all hon. members and all citizens of free democracies in the world realize that the world is indebted to the government of the LTnited Kingdom for the burden it has carried for so many years in the administration of the Holy Land. All are equally concerned, and have been much concerned, as to the possibility and even probability of there

Inquiries oj the Ministry

being disorder in the Holy Land upon the retirement of the British forces. I think it would be only fair to say that the disorder, bad as it has been, has not been as terrible as some of us during the last few weeks had feared it might be; there have been repulsive outrages, but it would seem that they have been participated in by relatively small numbers, and that the vast majority of the people inhabiting the Holy Land have not been participants in what we have rightly regarded as terrible outrages. I hope that the counsels that have been given from the united nations and other sources to the respective contenders there, and which appear to have had some influence in pacifying the situation, will continue to have that effect, and that the genuine efforts that have been put forth to help will meet with a still greater degree of success.

As to what measures are being taken for the protection of British nationals, I am sure that the government of the United Kingdom has done all that could be done for their protection.

The hon. member also referred to some question which he had asked in the spring of 1947. I would have to look it up before I would venture to make any answer.

Topic:   PALESTINE
Subtopic:   TERMINATION OF BRITISH MANDATE-PROTECTION OF BRITISH NATIONALS
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PC

Thomas Langton Church

Progressive Conservative

Mr. CHURCH:

What steps has the government taken to protect our nationals over there, who are in the midst of slaughter and civil war?

Mr. ST. LAURENT: This government has felt that it would be rather impertinent for it to try to intrude to affect the measures being taken by the mandatory power which not only over the years but over the centuries has given proof that it was always conscious of its responsibilities and always did what I think most reasonable men would feel was proper in the discharge of its responsibilities.

Topic:   PALESTINE
Subtopic:   TERMINATION OF BRITISH MANDATE-PROTECTION OF BRITISH NATIONALS
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PC

Thomas Langton Church

Progressive Conservative

Mr. CHURCH:

If Britain had been left alone, there wmuld have been no trouble.

Mr. ST. LAURENT: I do not want to insist, but the intervention of UNO was brought about by a request of the mandatory power, which considered that in view of the situation that was arising it must relinquish its mandate.

Topic:   PALESTINE
Subtopic:   TERMINATION OF BRITISH MANDATE-PROTECTION OF BRITISH NATIONALS
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PC

Gordon Graydon

Progressive Conservative

Mr. GRAYDON:

Are any steps being taken now for mediation in the Palestine situation, and if so, who is to be the mediator? Has any suggestion been made in that regard?

Mr. ST. LAURENT: There have been a large number of suggestions, and the latest information I have is that the gentleman to be appointed as a commissioner to carry on public

services in Jerusalem, the appointment to be made by the five permanent members of the security council, was also to continue the good offices that have been performed by the Palestine commission looking towards mediation.

Topic:   PALESTINE
Subtopic:   TERMINATION OF BRITISH MANDATE-PROTECTION OF BRITISH NATIONALS
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PC

Gordon Graydon

Progressive Conservative

Mr. GRAYDON:

It would seem to me that in a case of this kind only an outstanding world figure would be of much use as a mediator, and I was wondering if any such suggestion had been made and accepted. Two such figures have been mentioned, Lord Louis Mountbatten and General Eisenhower. It seems to me that only an acknowledged world figure who had proven himself to be good at that sort of thing ought to be considered in this connection.

Mr. ST. LAURENT: The Canadian delegation has felt that it should not take too prominent a part in making suggestions to the powers which have a more direct interest in the Far East situation. We have endeavoured to make it clear that we were willing to help and co-operate in every possible way, but we did not think we should make it appear that we felt we had more information to rely on than had the other powers, who have all been dealing earnestly with the situation. The final suggestion upon which there seemed to be agreement was that all five of the permanent members of the security council would take responsibility in selecting the gentleman who would become the provisional commissioner in Jerusalem, who thus would have not only his own prestige but that of the five permanent members of the security council to assist him in his onerous duties.

Topic:   PALESTINE
Subtopic:   TERMINATION OF BRITISH MANDATE-PROTECTION OF BRITISH NATIONALS
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CCF

Alistair McLeod Stewart

Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (C.C.F.)

Mr. STEWART (Winnipeg North):

Has any consideration been given to the recognition of any new states which may shortly appear in that country?

Mr. ST. LAURENT: I would not like to attempt any premature statement about a situation which has not yet arisen.

Topic:   PALESTINE
Subtopic:   TERMINATION OF BRITISH MANDATE-PROTECTION OF BRITISH NATIONALS
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AIR TRANSPORT

SERVICES ACROSS INTERNATIONAL BOUNDARY LINES AND OUTSIDE CANADA


On the orders of the day:


CCF

Stanley Howard Knowles (Whip of the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation)

Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (C.C.F.)

Mr. STANLEY KNOWLES (Winnipeg North Centre):

Mr. Speaker, may I direct a question either to the Prime Minister or to the Minister of Transport? Is it still government policy that all air transport services across international boundary lines and outside Canada will be operated solely by Trans-Canada Air Lines? Will this policy apply

Inquiries oj the Ministry

when Canada implements her part of the agreement for air service between this country and Australia?

Topic:   AIR TRANSPORT
Subtopic:   SERVICES ACROSS INTERNATIONAL BOUNDARY LINES AND OUTSIDE CANADA
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LIB

Lionel Chevrier (Minister of Transport)

Liberal

Hon. LIONEL CHEVRIER (Minister of Transport):

Thus far no change has been made in government policy with respect to transpacific air services. If and when a change is made, it will be announced.

Topic:   AIR TRANSPORT
Subtopic:   SERVICES ACROSS INTERNATIONAL BOUNDARY LINES AND OUTSIDE CANADA
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SOUTH SASKATCHEWAN RIVER

INQUIRY AS TO BUILDING OF LOW LEVEL BRIDGE AT SASKATCHEWAN LANDING

May 14, 1948