That is, relating to article 41?
Mr. ST. LAURENT: Relating to article 41, with the exception that there is no limitation in the United Kingdom Act upon the penalties which can be imposed' for violating any regulation made under the powers delegated to the government of the United Kingdom.
The parliament of the Commonwealth of Australia has not enacted special legislation with respect to article 41 of the charter. It did, however, by act of parliament, approve the charter.
New Zealand deposited its instrument of ratification on September 19, 1945. The General Assembly of New Zealand in parliament assembled on September 16, 1946, enacted the
United Nations Act, 1946, which empowers the government to make regulations in the manner provided1 for in our Bill No. 132. There is a limitation on the penalties which are fixed by the statute; and they are limited to twelve months' imprisonment or a fine not exceeding one hundred pounds for an individual or a fine not exceeding one thousand pounds in the case of a company.
In South Africa, although the instrument of ratification was deposited on November 7, 1945, there has not been any legislation with respect to article 41.
Mr. GRAYDON; Will the military staff committee's report to the security council with respect to an international police force have any effect on the present disposition to press this legislation at the present session?
Mr. ST. LAURENT: No, I do not think it
will. As the hon. member knows, there are three procedures fixed for settling international disputes: (1) attempted conciliation; (2)
measures under section 41 which involve sanctions other than military sanctions, and (3) recourse to military sanctions prescribed by the security council. This has to do with only the second stage of proceedings for settling disputes; and it was our feeling that although there might not be any immediate prospect of having to use these powers, we did not want to be in the position where any delay whatsoever in respect to the setting up of effective machinery of the united nations could1 be. attributed to us.
Subtopic: ACTION BY COMMONWEALTH GOVERNMENTS RESPECTING ARTICLE 41 OP CHARTER