July 31, 1946

STANDING COMMITTEES


Second report of standing committee on external affairs-Mr. Bradette.


INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS-CHANGE IN PERSONNEL


Hon. IAN A. MACKENZIE (Minister of Veterans Affairs) moved: That the name of Mr. Bourget be substituted for that of Mr. Gingues on the standing committee on industrial relations. Motion agreed to.


PRIVATE BILLS

FIRST READINGS-SENATE BILLS


Bill No. 337, for the relief of Marie-Jeanne-Augusta Clement Lajeunesse. Mr. Maybank. Bill No. 338, for the relief of Jeanne D'Arc Guilmette Henchey. Mr. MacLean. Bill No. 339, for the relief of James Arthur Bellows. Mr. Maybank. Bill No. 340, for the relief of Charles Howard Alexander. Mr. MacLean. Bill No. 341, for the relief of Alfred Wade. Mr. MacLean. Bill No. 342, for the relief of Inga Mary Frances Hitching. Mr. Boucher. Bill No. 343, for the relief of Harold Clayton Webb Clout. Mr. Maybank. Bill No. 344. for the relief of Phyllis Thor-burn Rice Colby. Mr. Maybank.


FARM IMPLEMENTS

SHORTAGE IN WESTERN CANADA-MOTION FOR ADJOURNMENT UNDER STANDING ORDER 31

CCF

Percy Ellis Wright

Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (C.C.F.)

Mr. P. E. WRIGFIT (Melfort):

Mr. Speaker I ask leave to move the adjournment of the house to discuss a matter of urgent public importance, namely, the serious situation in western Canada with respect to the shortage of suitable farm machinery for the harvesting 63260-2591

of the present large crop, due largely to the policy of the government in having, during the year 1945, issued export and reexport permits for 20-2 million dollars' worth of Canada's total production of 46-4 million dollars' worth of farm machinery during that year; and having, during the first six months of 1946 issued export permits for $16,382,400 worth of farm machinery, and having during the first five months of 1946 issued export permits for $4,319,626 worth of reaper-threshers-

Topic:   FARM IMPLEMENTS
Subtopic:   SHORTAGE IN WESTERN CANADA-MOTION FOR ADJOURNMENT UNDER STANDING ORDER 31
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LIB

James Horace King (Speaker of the Senate)

Liberal

Mr. SPEAKER:

Order. The hon. gentleman has not the right to make these remarks on his motion.

Topic:   FARM IMPLEMENTS
Subtopic:   SHORTAGE IN WESTERN CANADA-MOTION FOR ADJOURNMENT UNDER STANDING ORDER 31
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CCF

Percy Ellis Wright

Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (C.C.F.)

Mr. WRIGHT:

Mr. Speaker, am I not allowed to state the reasons why this matter is urgent?

Topic:   FARM IMPLEMENTS
Subtopic:   SHORTAGE IN WESTERN CANADA-MOTION FOR ADJOURNMENT UNDER STANDING ORDER 31
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LIB

James Horace King (Speaker of the Senate)

Liberal

Mr. SPEAKER:

It is not the practice in presenting a motion for adjournment under standing order 31 to discuss the reasons for the motion at this stage of the proceedings.

Topic:   FARM IMPLEMENTS
Subtopic:   SHORTAGE IN WESTERN CANADA-MOTION FOR ADJOURNMENT UNDER STANDING ORDER 31
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CCF

Percy Ellis Wright

Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (C.C.F.)

Mr. WRIGHT:

I do not wish to discuss the matter at this moment. I merely wish to put before you, Mr. Speaker, certain facts which will permit you to decide whether the situation is urgent.

Topic:   FARM IMPLEMENTS
Subtopic:   SHORTAGE IN WESTERN CANADA-MOTION FOR ADJOURNMENT UNDER STANDING ORDER 31
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LIB

James Horace King (Speaker of the Senate)

Liberal

Mr. SPEAKER:

I would ask the hon. gentleman to put his motion before the house without any criticism. If it is adopted he will then have the opportunity in the debate to

say whatever he has to say as long as it is relevant to the motion.

Topic:   FARM IMPLEMENTS
Subtopic:   SHORTAGE IN WESTERN CANADA-MOTION FOR ADJOURNMENT UNDER STANDING ORDER 31
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CCF

Percy Ellis Wright

Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (C.C.F.)

Mr. WRIGHT:

I will comply with your wishes, Mr. Speaker. I have just returned from western Canada and I found there a very serious situation with respect to the shortage of farm machinery. I ask leave to move the adjournment of the house to discuss a matter of urgent public importance, namely, the serious situation in western Canada with respect to the shortage of suitable farm machinery for the harvesting of the present large crop.

Topic:   FARM IMPLEMENTS
Subtopic:   SHORTAGE IN WESTERN CANADA-MOTION FOR ADJOURNMENT UNDER STANDING ORDER 31
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LIB

James Horace King (Speaker of the Senate)

Liberal

Mr. SPEAKER:

Is it the pleasure of the house that the hon. member shall have leave so to move?

Topic:   FARM IMPLEMENTS
Subtopic:   SHORTAGE IN WESTERN CANADA-MOTION FOR ADJOURNMENT UNDER STANDING ORDER 31
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?

Some hon. MEMBERS:

Yes.

Topic:   FARM IMPLEMENTS
Subtopic:   SHORTAGE IN WESTERN CANADA-MOTION FOR ADJOURNMENT UNDER STANDING ORDER 31
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?

Some hon. MEMBERS:

No.

And more than twenty members having risen:

Topic:   FARM IMPLEMENTS
Subtopic:   SHORTAGE IN WESTERN CANADA-MOTION FOR ADJOURNMENT UNDER STANDING ORDER 31
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CCF

Percy Ellis Wright

Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (C.C.F.)

Mr. WRIGHT:

Thank you, Mr. Speaker. As I stated when I first rose, I have just returned from western Canada, where I found a very serious situation with respect to farm

Farm Implements

machinery for harvesting our present crop.

I interviewed a large number of farm machine agents while out there, and found that practically all of them have orders for from one to twenty pieces of farm equipment which they cannot supply at the present time. This is a serious situation in view of the fact that we have a prospective crop of approximately 450,000,000 bushels of wheat coming forward in western Canada-wheat that is urgently needed throughout the whole world.

This situation has arisen because of certain actions of this government. We have heard a lot of discussion of the causes of this serious shortage. We have heard members of the government say and have read in the press throughout Canada that this farm machinery shortage is the result of a shortage of steel, a shortage of pig iron, and various other causes. But in my opinion these are not the real reasons for the present shortage. As I started to say when you called me to order, Mr. Speaker, the shortage is owing mainly to the policy of the government in having during the year 1945 issued export and reexport permits for 20-2 million dollars' worth of Canada's total production of 46-4 million dollars' worth of farm machinery during that year, and having during the first six months of 1946 issued export permits for $16,382,400 worth of farm machinery, and having during the first five months of 1946 issued export permits for $4,319,626 worth of reaper-threshers, of which $2,395,318 worth have been exported to the United States, in consequence of which the present serious situation exists.

Some four weeks ago I received a letter from a returned man in my constituency. While serving overseas for four years his father died and left him a section of land, which he returned to farm. He stated in his letter that he wanted nothing from the government, that all he wanted was the opportunity to buy sufficient farm equipment to do a proper job on that land. He needed a new plough, and asked me if I could get for him a priority for the purchase of it. I was unable to do so. The only thing he could do was to take a loan from the Veterans Land Act administration, thereby obtaining a priority. He did that, but the type of plough he wanted was not available. He wanted a larger type of implement than the Veterans Land Act administration had available for him.

In spite of the fact that this machinery was not available to this veteran we exported from Canada in the first five months in 1945 $2,251,960 worth of disc ploughs, ploughs and plough parts, to the following countries: Belgium, Costa Rica, French Africa, Greece,

Mexico, Morocco, Peru, Dominican Republic, Eire, United Kingdom, Syria, British East Africa, British South Africa, Southern Rhodesia, British India, British Guiana, Jamaica, British West Indies, Newfoundland, Australia, New Zealand-it sounds like a lesson in geography-Argentina, Belgian Congo, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Mexico, The Netherlands, Paraguay, Poland, San Salvador, Santa Domingo, Sweden, Turkey, Uruguay, Venezuela, Yugoslavia, and the United States. Yet we could not supply our own returned men, who have been overseas fighting for this country for the last four years, with the implements of production when they return to this country. I say that is a serious situation, one which this government should be prepared to face.

Why should the government issue to our machine companies permits to export machinery to every country in the world, or practically every country? As a matter of fact I have the list of exports for 1945, which shows that we exported farm machinery to seventy-one countries. I was alarmed at this situation, and I placed certain questions on the order paper with respect to this matter. Not only that, but I asked on the orders of the day on June 20 of this year-Hansard, page 2659 the following question, which was directed to the Minister of Finance or the Minister of Trade and Commerce:

Is the minister aware that there are pools of farm machinery in western Canada and that the machinery is being held and not distributed? Is he aware that this machinery is urgently needed by veterans? In view of the fact that in some cases it is proposed to reship this machinery back to the United States, will the minister make the necessary inquiries and issue the necessary orders to see that this machinery is distributed in Canada and not sent back to the United States?

I received the following answer to my question:

The wartime prices and trade board say that the only "pools" of farm machinery in western Canada are Veterans Land Act pools. No farm machinery is being exported to U.S.A. which can be used in Canada.

Note that sentence.

Export is controlled by the administrator of farm machinery, wartime prices and trade board.

In view of the facts which I have just placed before you, that in reaper, harvesters or combines alone in the first five months of this year we have exported $4,220,14S worth, urgently needed in western Canada, and that we have exported to the United States in that same five months 82,395,318 worth-

Farm Implements

Topic:   FARM IMPLEMENTS
Subtopic:   SHORTAGE IN WESTERN CANADA-MOTION FOR ADJOURNMENT UNDER STANDING ORDER 31
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July 31, 1946