July 19, 1946


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Supply-Film Board NFB OS-802 NFB 09-001 T&C 09-002 NFB 09-008 NFB 09-011 NWFC 09-012 NWFC 09-013 NFB 09-016 NFB 09-017 NFB 09-108 WIB 09-109 NWFC 09-020 NFB & Que. Gov. 10-509 WIB 10-510 NFB 10-511 NFB 10-513 NFB 10-514 NFB 10-517 NFB 10-518 NFB 10-521 NFB 10-522 NFB 10-524 NH&W 11-005 NFB 12-003 NFB 12-008 P&NH 12-009 NFB 12-010 NFB 12-014 NFB 12-016 NFB 12-020 NFB 12-021 NFB 12-506 NFB 12-507 NFB 12-604 NFB 12-606 NFB 12-607 NFB 12-703 NFB 15-006 NFB 15-007 Labour 02-024 NFB 02-028 NFB 02-032 NFB 02-033 NFB 02-037 WPTB 02-038 NFB 02-042 NFB 02-043 Northwest by Air (Danish) Soil for Tomorrow Certified for Seed Windbreaks on the Prairies (revision) Early start (Boys & Girls Clubs) Want a Life (French) Five Steps to Better Farm Living (French) Let's All Sing Together No. 4 Let's All Sing Together No. 5 Let's All Sing Together No. 6 Land for Men (Reestablishment on the Land) Kitchen Come True (Science on the Farm) Caisses Populaires Work and Wages (Economic Stabilization) River of Canada (French) Certified for Seed (French) Main Street Canada (French) Fundo in Chile (French) Montevideo Family (French) Station Biologique in Granby (French) Oblate Fathers Centenary Western Can. (French)___ Junior Chamber of Commerce Convention in Granby. To the People *Life on the Western Marshes Trappers of the Sea Pro-Rec in British Columbia Newfoundland Sentinel of the Atlantic The Great Canadian Shield Libraries on Wheels Musical Overtures No. 7, No. 8 Warble Fly (revision) River of Canada (Spanish) Montreal (Spanish) Trans Canada Express (Portuguese) River of Canada (Portuguese) Montreal (Portuguese) Ballot Boxes (French) Toronto Symphony No. 1 Toronto Symphony No. 2


NON-THEATRICAL CLIPS AND TRAILERS


Labour Management Discussion Trailer (French)... "Land for Pioneers" Discussion Trailer National Union Labour Film Committee Valley of the Tennessee (Disc. Trl.) Now the Peace (Disc. Tr.) Story with Two Endings (Disc. Tr.) Now the Peace (Disc. Tr.) Food-Secret of the Peace (Disc. Tr.) 4 reels 2 reels 2 reels 2 reels 1375' 550' 1 reel 837' 335' 2 reels 2 reels 2800' 1350' 2 reels 2 reels 1800' 2 reels 2 reels 1724' 1 reel 1724' 2 reels 700' 750' 720' 666' 430' 500' 1000' ea 400' ea 2 reels 2 reels 1 reel 1 reel 2 reels 2 reels 1 reel 1 reel 1 reel 525' 870' 348' 135' 54' 615' 246' 555' 222' 305' 525' 622' 16mm B&W 16mm Kodachrome 16mm Kodachrome Rural Circuits 16mm Kodachrome "16mm B&W "35mm B&W French Rural Circuits 16mm B&W a u16mm B&W u tt35mm B&W Rural Circuits 16mm B&W "16mm B&W "16mm B&W "16mm B&W Non-theatrical 35mm B&W "35mm B&W French Circuits 16mm B&W Non-theatrical 16mm B&W Non-theatrical 16mm B&W Non-theatrical 16mm B&W Non-theatrical 16mm B&W Non-theatrical 35&16mm B&W Non-theartical 16mm B&W Non-theatrical 16mm B&W Non-theatrical 35&16mm B&W Non-theatrical 35mm B&W Non-theatrical-Provincial Departments of Health16mm Kodachrome Non-theatrical 16mm Kodachrome Non-theatrical 16mm B&W Department Nat. Health & Welfare 16mm Kodachrome Rural Circuits & Film Libraries 16mm Kodachrome Non-theatrical 16mm B&W Rural Circuits & Film Libraries 35mm 16mm B&W Rural Circuits 16mm Kodachorme Non-theatrical 16mm B&W Non-theatrical 16mm B&W Non-theatrical 16mm B&W Non-theatrical 16mm B&W Non-theatrical 16mm Kodachrome Non-theatrical 16mm B&W Non-theatrical 16mm B&W Non-theatrical 16mm B&W Non-theatrical 35mm B&W Non-Theatrical & Trade Union Circuits u 16mm a Trade Union Circuits 35mm tt "a 35mm a Non-Theatrical a 35mm a Non-Theatrical tt 16mm a Trade Union Circuits 16mm tt Non-Theatrical 16mm a Circuits 455.37 7,580.13 438.35 1,367.28 3,671.26 711.68 112.34 96.88 1,197.73 2,395.19 14,882.25 11,707.54 971.00 10,259.41 114.27 280.49 3,110.87 706.37 697.23 17,269.33 1,053.04 2,108.24 510.79 799.54 531.30 85.33 2,816.10 2,084.17 2,432.90 27.01 78.59 33.87 143.91 928.46 186.37 153.90 2,302.37 3,912.49 4,384.67 9.44 123.24 116.52 2,346.11 1,176.56 1,580.41 120.12 3,215.58 Supply-Film Board IMr. Claxton.] NATIONAL FILM BOARD Estimates 1946-47 National Film Board Productions Completed in Fiscal Year 1945-46 NOTE: 1) The costs on theatrical newsclips include charges for 111 release prints. 2) An asterisk * before the production number indicates that a French version has been made and included in the costs. 3) Abbreviations: National Film Board-NFB, Wartime Information Board-WIB, Munitions & Supply-M&S, Wartime Prices and Trade Board-WPTB, National War Finance Committee-NWFC, National Defence-ND, Veterans' Affairs- DVA, Post Office Department-POD, National Health and Welfare-NH&W. Sponsor Prod. No. Titles Length Size Colour Distribution Costs 1945-46NFB 02-044 425' $ cts. 2,313.10NFB 02-046 360' 1,092.57NFB 02-047 455' 3,545.40WPTB 03-012 250' 1,572.76NH&W.... 03-016 To The People (Title). . 20' 6.49NWFC 04-720 30' 470' NWFC 04-724 36' 15' 16mm NWFC 04-725 112' 1,474.66NWFC 04-726 93' 947.17NWFC.... 04-727 48' « 14.28WIB 04-801 75' « 216.39WIB 04-802 146' << 1,341.99WIB . 04-803 138' 576.75WIB 04-804 124' « 523.65WIB.... 04-805 182' 868.96WIB 05-011 50' 197.81M&S 07-022 75' B&W& 35.59 g s o 5$



Supply-Film Board Supply-Film Board During this year, as hon. members will see from the list of films which I have just filed, there were thirty-eight original films produced in French, and many of these films were distributed also in English language versions. The list will show which films were in French and which were in English. But, in addition, there were a considerable number of Englishspeaking films which were produced in French as well. Thirty-eight films were produced in Portuguese, Spanish, German and Dutch of such titles as "People of Canada," "Northwest by Air," "Trappers of the Sea," "Wings over Canada," " Fighting Sea Fleas," "Art for Children," "Toronto Symphony," "UNRRA," " Montreal," " Great Lakes," " Music in the Wind." In addition, the board prouced during the year sixty newsreel stories which were made available to the commercial newsreels for showing in Canada, the United States, South America, the United Kingdom, Australia and many other countries, in as many as twenty different languages. Thirty-four stories about the armed forces overseas were edited for international newsreel releases. The film board produced1 forty news clips to be attached to commercial newsreel releases, and twenty-eight ten-minute newsreel films in several series, some for use by the armed forces in Canada and some for overseas use, as well as some for the industrial and rural circuits. Of the work for other government departments it will be noted on the list I have filed that there were many subjects for the armed forces-exercises "Eskimo," "Lemming," "Polar Bear," as well as a film to be produced this year, " Musk Ox," " Spotting Fall of Shot," " Hygiene for Health," " Guests of Honour," " Foot Research," " Psychological First Aid," " Road to the Reich," " Headline Hunters." For rehabilitation information and veterans affairs: "Back to Work," "Veterans in Industry," "Veterans in Industry (preface and trailer)," " Road to Recovery," " Limbs to Order," " Road to Civvy Street," " New Limbs for Old," " Good-bye Mr. Gyp," " Land for Men," plus a number of trailers. In connection with war savings and finance, "Inflation Dangers," and some eight other films. Also, among subjects particularly related to agriculture, " Business of Farming," " Soil for Tomorrow," "Certified for Seed." Miscellaneous films: "Tire Research," "Victorian Order of Nurses," "Food in Europe," "Caisses Populaires," "Ships and Men." There were, as I said, thirty-four news clips on various subjects for other government departments, and eighteen complete newsreel issues of "Eyes Front" for the armed forces overseas. Another function of the film board in addition to the production of films is to secure the distribution of Canadian films in Canada and abroad. In Canada this distribution is effected through commercial theatres, one hundred rural circuits and from ninety-six film libraries from which community film groups draw films for their meetings. The "Canada Carries On" series is shown regularly each month in 400 theatres across Canada. In addition, the film board has produced a very large number of still pictures and of these, altogether, 38,680 were distributed by the board during the year and 18,502 were distributed abroad, mainly through the Canadian information service. Another work undertaken is to assist in the design and layout of government publications, especially the publications of the wartime information board, the rehabilitation committee, the various government departments, and other agencies of the government. It has carried on a number of photographic displays which have been used by many government departments of Canada abroad, in the United States, the United Kingdom, Australia, Mexico and Brazil. The film board is usually represented on government inter-departmental committees having to do. with information service, such as the rehabilitation committee and so on. It has taken an active part in seeing that in the field of visual representation Canada does not lag behind any country. Its films have been widely received, with increasing commendation, throughout Canada, and it is interesting to note how widely they have been appreciated in other countries. For instance, an officer of the film board was asked to go to Australia to establish an Australian film service; in New Zealand1 the film service is being set up along lines suggested: by the film commissioner; from. India, China and other countries representatives have come here to see how the work was carried on. The board has acted at international conferences in Canada making displays of films illustrating Canada to the representatives of the foreign countries, and it has also acted for international agencies such as UNRRA, for which it has made a film, and other international organizations. In regard to distribution abroad, it has seen to the distribution of the series "World in Action" throughout a large number of commercial theatres in the United States, totalling as many as 5,000, in central and south America, where it has been shown in a total of hundreds of theatres, as well as in other countries. The film board has offices abroad which act as distributing centres, and it has furnished to the Canadian information service, in cooperation with it, films on Canada for our Supply-Film Board



diplomatic representatives abroad so that they can show people in countries to which they are accredited pictures about Canada. A number of libraries have been established in Canada. The hon. member for Lethbridge asked a question about the total number of films which are in the library at Ottawa. There are 1,700, and in ninety-six film libraries across Canada there is a total of 9,000 prints of many different subjects. During the year, 3,975 prints of the 310 films I mentioned were distributed to these libraries, and the number of libraries increased during the year from forty-four to ninety-six. It is estimated that in Canada, through the use of these film libraries, something like 200,000 people .may see films each month, in addition to the very much larger numbers who see the films shown on the commercial screen. Let me say, in conclusion, a word about the need of films. In almost every country, as hon. members will appreciate, there are government film units of one type or another, and governments are spending increasing sums in the interest of public information and education at home and abroad. In addition to the reasons which justify such action on the part of other countries, I think there are one or two which apply with particular reference to Canada. In the first place, Canada is adjacent to the United States, which at Hollywood produces the great bulk of films for entertainment. The magnitude of operations there, involving an expenditure of as much as $4,000,0000 on a single picture, makes it difficult for a small country like Canada to produce films for entertainment. It is probably common knowledge that this has not been successfully done in this country, and it is calculated that each week some 4,000,000 Canadians go to moving-picture houses. Each week more than 4,000,000 Canadians see from one to four American film subjects. I do not say this by way of criticism but merely to state a fact. In the circumstances, it seems to be of vital importance that we should do what we can to give Canadians at least a chance to see films sometimes about their own country. To assist in this, the film board has played an important part in developing among Canadians an increasing knowledge of Canada, a better understanding of the points of view of Canadians in different parts of the country, and faith in the future of Canada which we believe will strengthen our determination to make our great country still greater and stronger. The hon. member for Lethbridge asked a number of questions which I should like now to answer. In the first place, he asked the number of films and I have given that information. He asked about lecturers using films of the national film board. The board does not employ any lecturers, but in the course of exhibiting to rural and industrial circuits, the exhibitor sometimes gives a talk in accordance with prepared material, kits as they are called, introducing the film. It may be that other talks by others are given when the films are shown. Hon. members of all parties have at one time or another seen films shown at meetings which they have addressed, and over these the board has no control. The hon. member wished to know how many films have to do with biological subjects and how many with geological or other scientific subjects. In its preview library, the board has sixteen dealing with biological and seventeen dealing with geological or other scientific subjects. The most recent biological film was one entitled "Vegetable Insects", dealing with the life cycle of garden pests which destroy vegetable crops, and recommending methods for their eradication. The hon. member asked how many of the films have to do with the subject of evolution and the answer is none. He wishes to know whether an,y of the national film board films are based upon the Bible and, if so, how many. The answer is that the film board does not produce films having to do with religious subjects. I hope I have answered the hon. gentleman's questions. If there any that I have not covered sufficiently I shall be glad to answer any questions with reference to them. I have notes on all the subjects of films dealing with biological and similar matters, giving a description of their contents, and these I shall be glad to show the hon. member at any time.


PC

John Ritchie MacNicol

Progressive Conservative

Mr. MacNICOL:

When I asked the minister a few moments ago a question about films illustrating the achievements of industry I had in mind that perhaps the estimates did not show what industrial results might come from the showing of films. I am sure that some industrial results have been achieved through the showing of films that I have seen. In that respect, I have been wondering whether the department has a line of films with regard to the large water powers of Canada: for instance, Grand falls and its watershed in New Brunswick; Shawinigan Falls plant in Quebec; the Shipshaw Power Plant, Beau-hamois and Gatineau in Quebec; High falls in Ontario, west of Ottawa; Chats falls on the Ottawa river-when I say "falls" I mean power plants-the power plants on the Otonabee and Trent rivers in Ontario; the power plant operated by the city of Orillia;

Supply-Film Board

the Niagara falls power plants; the Iroquois falls power plants in northern Ontario; the Spanish river power plants; Sault Ste. Marie power plants on, the St. Mary river; the Nipigon river power plants in Ontario and the Winnipeg river power plants in Manitoba, and perhaps the Bow river plants in Alberta. Unfortunately there are none that I know of of any consequence in Saskatchewan. I hope the day is not far distant when Saskatchewan too will have cheap hydro power for development which must take place on the Saskatchewan river. Then there are the Powell river and Columbia river plants in British Columbia. My thought is that pictures showing the development of industry, either large or small, that have been achieved in Canada so far by these power plants which I have named would not only be intensely interesting but induce investors who wanted to come to Canada from other countries-and we hope many of them will come-to build plants in Canada. Perhaps someone in some of the United States, British or European cities, on seeing films covering something like that which I have described, would come to Canada to open up plants of some kind; I hope so.

I am not going to deal with any of the financial aspects to-night so far as the film board is concerned, because others are more capable of doing so than I am. I am interested in only one thing, namely, what the film board can do to induce the erection of industrial plants and through that provide more jobs for Canadians. I am convinced that if the film board can do one thing it ought to be able to do that. Recently we had a picture dealing with "Across Canada". It was not along the lines of what I have just mentioned, but I for one enjoyed it very much. It was shown in this building. I would hope that the board is equipped to send such films throughout the country. We have it, and we might as well make the best use of it we can with a view to developing industry and giving jobs. Others may have other ideas, but my life has been associated with organizing business to give jobs. Whatever the film board can do along that line I, for one, shall be pleased with it.

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CCF

Major James William Coldwell

Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (C.C.F.)

Mr. COLDWELL:

Before the minister

answers the hon. member may I be permitted to ask a question and thereby save time? What films are being developed for use in schools? It seems to me that films for visual education are of the utmost importance to the country at this time. I have had some experience in teaching, and I have found that it was much easier to teach some things through the eye than through the spoken

word. I know that in some of the scientific subjects we get a film like "The Life History of a Frog". You can get the whole story of the development of the frog from the egg right through to the adult creature. It gives a good picture of a good many other things which might otherwise be slightly difficult to understand. What kind of library is being built up by the national film board for use in our schools, not only in science but in history, and in the teaching of even some phases of literature? The film is something that should be used more extensively than it has been.

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LIB

Brooke Claxton (Minister of National Health and Welfare)

Liberal

Mr. CLAXTON:

I shall be very glad to try to answer both hon. gentlemen. The hon. member for Davenport asked about what films we have showing the development of water powers in Canada. There is a very fine film called "Power from Shipshaw" which shows the development and use of that great undertaking on the Sagqpnay river.

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PC

John Ritchie MacNicol

Progressive Conservative

Mr. MacNICOL:

That was shown in the buildings; it is an excellent film.

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LIB

Brooke Claxton (Minister of National Health and Welfare)

Liberal

Mr. CLAXTON:

Another is "Power

Valley," the St. Maurice valley which shows the development on the Shawinigan. Other power developments occur in other films, but in addition there are a great number of films which have a specific industrial purpose which were developed during the war in connection with the Department of Labour and which were shown on the industrial circuits. Then there are films such as "Ships and Men", dealing with the shipbuild-industry in Canada; "Western Oil", dealing with oil developments. There are others dealing with the great Canadian shield, mining. There is another one called "Northwest by Air", dealing with air transportation in' the north. There is another one dealing with agriculture, "Certified Seed." These were produced during the current year. Among the 1,700 titles I mentioned there are dozens, if not hundreds, which relate specifically to the question asked by the hon. member for Davenport.

With regard to the films which are useful in connection with education, the film board has a considerable number of subjects of which I might mention those produced during this year which were prepared especially for school use. They are as follows: "Wealth of the Foothills"; "Early Start", "Life on the Western Marches", "Trappers of the Sea"; "Newfoundland, Sentinel of the Atlantic", and "Ballot Boxes". "Ballot Boxes" was

Supply-Film Board

a film which deals with education in citizenship. In that connection, a series is being worked out in consultation with the Canada-Newfoundiand educational association, which has a committee which is advising on educational films. In that committee there are representatives of various provinces, as well as of the various educational organizations, so that work is being done to prepare films but only in accordance with and to meet needs expressed by those responsible primarily for education in Canada. The board acts as a producing agency, but does not force anything on anyone. It produces subjects which meet a need which has been expressed by others in the educational field.

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CCF

Major James William Coldwell

Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (C.C.F.)

Mr. COLDWELL:

Before the item carries, are there any items now to be dealt with other than this in the minister's department? I was going to take this opportunity of asking the minister if he will tell the committee under what circumstances or why Doctor David Shugar has been dismissed from the public service in view of the fact that there is no charge against him now and counsel for the government was unable to substantiate any charge in a court? It seems to me that a man is innocent until he is proven guilty. I understand that he was engaged from February to November and has been dismissed to take effect at the beginning of August. In the meantime he has been given leave. I should like to know why this has been done by the minister's department.

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LIB

Brooke Claxton (Minister of National Health and Welfare)

Liberal

Mr. CLAXTON:

Though it does not fall under either the national film board or the Canadian information service, I shall be glad to answer the hon. member at once. It was in view of the report of the royal commission as tabled in this house last week. I think hon. members will notice that in respect of Doctor Shugar there is a considerable difference between the interim report and the report as tabled. It was in view of the report that the action was taken.

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LIB
PC
CCF

Major James William Coldwell

Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (C.C.F.)

Mr. COLDWELL:

No.

Item stands.

Progress reported.

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At eleven o'clock the house adjourned, without question put, pursuant to standing order. Monday, July 22, 1946.


July 19, 1946