April 11, 1946

PENITENTIARIES

CERTAIN PROVISIONS OF ACT EFFECTIVE BY PROCLAMATION-APPOINTMENT OF COMMISSIONER


Right Hon. L. S. ST. LAURENT (Minister of Justice): Mr. Speaker, may I inform the house that by proclamation issued on April 5 and published in an extra of the official gazette of that date certain portions of the Penitentiary Act which were to come into force by proclamation, have been brought into force. These are subsection 6 of section 4; section 4A and part of subsection 2 of section 13, which relate to commissioners. Immediately thereafter order in council P.C. 1313 was passed appointing Major-General Ralph B. Gibson, of the city of Toronto, former vice chief of staff of the Canadian army, a commissioner under the act. I now table a copy of the order in council.


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Mr. COLD WELL@

Has Major-General Gibson had any special training or experience in nenolovv?

Mr. ST. LAURENT: No particular training in penology, but considerable experience in administration and the handling of men. After careful consideration we came to the conclusion that he had the qualifications which would fit him for this particular commission.

Topic:   PENITENTIARIES
Subtopic:   CERTAIN PROVISIONS OF ACT EFFECTIVE BY PROCLAMATION-APPOINTMENT OF COMMISSIONER
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CRIMINAL CODE

FATAL ACCIDENTS AND INJURIES FROM HIGHWAY TRAFFIC AND LEVEL CROSSINGS


Mr. T. L. CHURCH (Broadview) moved for leave to introduce bill No. 27 to amend the criminal code (motor cars).


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Some hon. MEMBERS:

Explain.

Topic:   CRIMINAL CODE
Subtopic:   FATAL ACCIDENTS AND INJURIES FROM HIGHWAY TRAFFIC AND LEVEL CROSSINGS
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PC

Thomas Langton Church

Progressive Conservative

Mr. CHURCH:

The object of the bill is to call the attention of the people of Canada to the number of fatal accidents which are occurring in increasing numbers in this country. A return to an order of the house of April 3 shows that there were 149,000 accidents, and nearly 10,000 people were killed during the period covered by the return. This rate of motor car accidents on the highways is becoming a public scandal. The sections of the bill are modern and constructive in character and I hope the Minister of Justice

Criminal Code

(Mr. St. Laurent) will consider them when he is bringing in amendments to the criminal code. I shall not read the sections, but will refer only to the marginal notes.

The first section deals with the requirement that the driver of a car shall stop after an accident. Some children were killed in the riding of the hon. member for Danforth (Mr. Harris) down near the beach by a cowardly hit-and-run driver. These hit-and-run drivers are a menace all over the country. The bill provides for imprisonment for a term not less than six months without the option of a fine.

Section 2 deals with driving while under the influence of alcohol or a narcotic. The object of this section is to add the words ''under the influence of alcohol" to the section as it now stands. The next section deals also with hit-and-run drivers and provides for an increase in the penalties now imposed.

Section 5 brings the hiGand-run driver under subsection 7, and provides that an order may be made prohibiting the convicted person from driving a motor vehicle for any period not exceeding three years. The next clause deals with the causing of a death in a culpably negligent manner. This incorporates the law now in force in New York state. The amendment penalizes the driver where death results, if the driver is breaking bylaws-against speeding for instance-and where he may be thirty per cent the cause of the accident.

The next section deals with the trial of a female person. It seems only fair that in the trial of any female person by a jury a certain proportion of the jurors should be female persons. They voted 52 per cent in the elections as against a male total vote of only 48 per cent.

The marginal note for the next section reads:

Charge of manslaughter arising out of operation of motor vehicle, criminal or culpable negligence proved.

The purpose of the amendment is to define the powers of the jury in cases of manslaughter arising out of the operation of motor vehicles.

The final section defines the powers and functions of the judge and the jury by the judge. There have been instances in which cases have been taken away from the jury. Questions of law should be matters for the judge to decide, and questions of fact should be decided by the jury. The jury should decide on the evidence whether a person is guilty or not guilty.

I hope the Minister of Justice will consider these amendments to the criminal code.

Motion agreed to and bill read the first time.

Topic:   CRIMINAL CODE
Subtopic:   FATAL ACCIDENTS AND INJURIES FROM HIGHWAY TRAFFIC AND LEVEL CROSSINGS
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QUESTIONS


(Questions answered orally are indicated by an asterisk.)


WAR ASSETS-LANDING CRAFT

PC

Mr. PEARKES:

Progressive Conservative

1. How many landing craft were issued to the Combined Operations School, Courtenay, British Columbia, during -the years 1942-46?

2. Wbat was the average cost of these craft?

3. How many of these are still retained by the army?

4. How many have been declared surplus to requirements and turned over to War Assets Corporation?

5. What disposal has been made of the balance, if any?

Topic:   QUESTIONS
Subtopic:   WAR ASSETS-LANDING CRAFT
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LIB

Mr. LAPOINTE: (Parliamentary Assistant to the Minister of National Defence)

Liberal

1. 42. .

2. $9,843.11.

3. 30.

4. 8.

5. Condemned and written off (hulls only) 4.

Topic:   QUESTIONS
Subtopic:   WAR ASSETS-LANDING CRAFT
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EXPORTS OF WHEAT

CCF

Mr. McCUAIG:

Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (C.C.F.)

1. How many bushels of wheat did Canada export during 1945, basis No. 1 Northern, Fort William and Vancouver?

2. To what countries was such wheat exported ?

3. Was any such exported wheat sold at over $1.55 per bushel?

4. If so (a) to what countries; (b) in what quantities; (c) at what prices?

Topic:   QUESTIONS
Subtopic:   EXPORTS OF WHEAT
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LIB

Mr. MacKINNON: (Minister of Trade and Commerce)

Liberal

1. 329,672,842 bushels.

2. Country Amount

bushels

United Kingdom 113,313,762

Eire 7,610,632

British South Africa 2,562,641

British India 20,356,843

Ceylon 812,503

Barbados 28,250

Jamaica 27,426

Trinidad 1,050

B.W.I. others 508

Gibraltar 207,600

Malta 2,284,405

Newfoundland 3,046

New Zealand 5,124,641

Palestine 353,334

Belgium 10,679,208

^China 804,753

Colombia 449.662

Costa Rica 83,330

Cuba 69,039

Czechoslovakia 207,644

Greenland 133

Egypt 9,543.187

Questions

Amount

bushels

France 9,099,934

Fr. Africa , 6,541,456

St. Pierre 292

Germany 644,974

Greece 11,181,995

Honduras 19,998

Iceland 16,449

Iraq 1,461,775

Italy 2,112,071

Mexico 88,930

Morocco 5,724,690

Netherlands 15,484,784

Norway 1,467,916

Peru 1,392,098

Portugal 448,000

Port Africa 321,198

Russia 5,654,281

Salvador 82,590

Syria 289,000

Yugoslavia 858,532

United States 92,258,282

Total

329,672,842

3 and 4. The highest export price of Canadian wheat during the crop year 1945-46 to date, has been $1.55 per bushel, basis in store Fort William/Port Arthur or Vancouver. This applies to sales made to all countries. Prices for all other grades are lower than this except for Alberta red winters, on which there has been a premium of 10 cents per bushel for No. 1 A.R.W. in comparison' with No. 1 northern.

Topic:   QUESTIONS
Subtopic:   EXPORTS OF WHEAT
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WAR ASSETS-MOTOR VEHICLES

PC

Mr. WEBB:

Progressive Conservative

1. How many (a) jeeps; (b) station wagons; (c) automobiles; (d) trucks, are held for sale by the War Assets Corporation?

2. Are priorities required to purchase these vehicles?

3. If sp, to whom are they issued?

4. If not, what is the proper procedure to buy

one? [DOT]

5. What are the names of individuals or municipalities in the county of Leeds who have purchased vehicles or materials of any kind from War Assets Corporation?

6. Is there a local office of War Assets Corporation in Leeds county?

7. If so, where is it located?

Topic:   QUESTIONS
Subtopic:   WAR ASSETS-MOTOR VEHICLES
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LIB

George James McIlraith (Parliamentary Assistant to the Minister of Reconstruction and Supply)

Liberal

Mr. McILRAITH:

Question No. 25, standing in the name of the hon. member for Brant (Mr. Charlton), asks for very similar information. I would draw the attention of the house to the fact that on Monday, April 1, a question was asked by the hon. member for Lincoln (Mr. Lockhart) and passed as an order for return. That question asked for

detailed information about automobiles, trucks and so on, in the possession of War Assets Corporation and held for disposal. The order for return already passed seems to cover the information asked for by paragraph No. 1 of this question and by the later question in the name of the hon. member for Brant (Mr. Charlton). I would ask that paragraph 1 of this question be dropped, that the remainder of the question be allowed to stand, and that question No. 25 be dropped.

Topic:   QUESTIONS
Subtopic:   WAR ASSETS-MOTOR VEHICLES
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April 11, 1946