December 15, 1945

ARMY EXERCISES

EXPEDITION TO THE CANADIAN ARCTIC-"EXERCISE


musk-ox" On the orders of the day:


?

Thomas Miller Bell

Mr. M. J. COLD WELL (Rosetown-Biggar):

I wish to direct a question to the Minister of National Defence, of which I have given him notice. In view of certain newspaper comments regarding the military aspects of the proposed Canadian army expedition to the Canadian Arctic known, I understand, as "Exercise Musk-ox", will the minister be good enough to make some explanation to the house this morning.

Topic:   ARMY EXERCISES
Subtopic:   EXPEDITION TO THE CANADIAN ARCTIC-"EXERCISE
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LIB

Douglas Charles Abbott (Minister of National Defence; Minister of National Defence for Naval Services)

Liberal

Hon. DOUGLAS ABBOTT (Minister of National Defence):

Yes. I am glad to do that because there has been some misunderstanding as to the nature and extent of these exercises. This is the fourth and last of the exercises. The first, known as Eskimo, took place in the winter of 1943-44 and it followed a request we received from the British government to train the Lovatt scouts for projected winter operations in Norway. At that time it was of course very secret but plans were being made for a broad scale invasion of Norway and we in Canada were asked to provide facilities for training the Lovatt scouts in this country for winter warfare and also to develop types of motor vehicles for operation under winter conditions. A battalion of the Lovatt scouts came and trained in northern Saskatchewan and in British Columbia.

Topic:   ARMY EXERCISES
Subtopic:   EXPEDITION TO THE CANADIAN ARCTIC-"EXERCISE
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LIB

Ian Alistair Mackenzie (Minister of Veterans Affairs; Leader of the Government in the House of Commons; Liberal Party House Leader)

Liberal

Mr. MACKENZIE:

Jasper.

Topic:   ARMY EXERCISES
Subtopic:   EXPEDITION TO THE CANADIAN ARCTIC-"EXERCISE
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LIB

Douglas Charles Abbott (Minister of National Defence; Minister of National Defence for Naval Services)

Liberal

Mr. ABBOTT:

Jasper, the Minister of Veterans Affairs reminds me. The first exercise, Eskimo, took place in the winter of 1943-44; the second, known as Polar Bear, took place in the same year; the third, known as Lemming, operated north through Churchill in the winter of 1944*45; and this is the final exercise to be known as Musk-ox. I do not know whether, if we kept them on long enough, we would run out of names of arctic animals. In any event, this one has been known as Musk-ox.

Topic:   ARMY EXERCISES
Subtopic:   EXPEDITION TO THE CANADIAN ARCTIC-"EXERCISE
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?

Thomas Miller Bell

Mr. COLDWELL:

You could use Canada Goose.

Topic:   ARMY EXERCISES
Subtopic:   EXPEDITION TO THE CANADIAN ARCTIC-"EXERCISE
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LIB

Douglas Charles Abbott (Minister of National Defence; Minister of National Defence for Naval Services)

Liberal

Mr. ABBOTT:

The reason for these names is that at the time the exercises were initiated they were secret and reference had to be made to them by code. This particular expedition will cover very much greater territory than the preceding ones, which were only two or three hundred miles in each case. This will cover a total arc of 3,200 miles, starting from Churchill on February 14 and proceeding via Baker lake, Cambridge bay, over the top and down by Norman Wells, Nelson, and ending at Edmonton on May 5, all being well.

The house will appreciate that this will afford an opportunity of testing out these vehicles under extreme winter conditions and through the spring break-up, and that is one of the reasons for continuing it during that period of time. It will be carried out in conjunction with the Royal Canadian Air Force. The force will be supplied with gasoline, food and the like by the air force, and those supplies will be dropped from planes, not landed on air strips, because there are no air fields in the greater part of the area through which the force will pass. The force is not a large one. The moving party will consist of only forty-five all ranks, carried in twelve of these snowmobiles. The snowmobiles have been developed in Canada from an American type of vehicle. They are a full-track vehicle, and have proved very successful in previous operations. In this expedition they will be enclosed, and it is expected that they will provide interesting experimental data on how this type of vehicle will operate under severe weather conditions and in the course of the spring break-up.

There is nothing secret about this expedition; it is a very small one. For that reason, among others, no invitations have been issued to military representatives of other countries to go along on the expedition. I do not know whether they would want to take a long trip of the kind under those weather conditions. In any event they will be invited to go up

Trade and Employment

to Churchill to examine the vehicles and see the start of the expedition if they want to do so, and the finish at Edmonton on May 5. I do want to emphasize the fact that there is nothing secret about the expedition. The benefits derived from it may well be of greater civilian value than military value, although it is hoped that they will be both. Technical and meteorological experts are going along. Briefly that is a picture of this exercise Musk-ox.

Poultry Products Shipped to the United States 1944 1945

Dressed poultry 24,233,418 $7,754,693

Live poultry 3,000,000 .. 750,000

Dressed poultry 11,473,879 1b. $3,671,641

Live poultry 2,000,000

lb

Hatching eggs, 1,200,000 doz

500.000

720.000

To December 1, 1945.

$8,504,693 $4,891,641

Topic:   ARMY EXERCISES
Subtopic:   EXPEDITION TO THE CANADIAN ARCTIC-"EXERCISE
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LABOUR CONDITIONS

WINNIPEG STRIKE OF 1919-PENSION RIGHTS


On the orders of the day:


CCF

Alistair McLeod Stewart

Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (C.C.F.)

Mr. ALISTAIR STEWART (Winnipeg North):

May I direct a question to the Minister of Labour, of which I have already given him notice? Has the officer of the Department of Labour reported yet on his investigation into the matter of the pension rights of Canadian Pacific employees who were involved in the general strike at Winnipeg in 1919? If not, when does the minister expect to receive the report?

Topic:   LABOUR CONDITIONS
Subtopic:   WINNIPEG STRIKE OF 1919-PENSION RIGHTS
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LIB

Humphrey Mitchell (Minister of Labour)

Liberal

Hon. HUMPHREY MITCHELL (Minister of Labour) :

Mr. Speaker, the report of the officers of the department has just been received and at this moment is receiving the necessary study by the industrial relations branch of the department.

Topic:   LABOUR CONDITIONS
Subtopic:   WINNIPEG STRIKE OF 1919-PENSION RIGHTS
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POULTRY

EXPORTS TO THE UNITED KINGDOM AND THE UNITED STATES TRADE AND EMPLOYMENT CANADIAN REPRESENTATION AT INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE IN 1946


On the orders of the day:


PC

John Bracken (Leader of the Official Opposition)

Progressive Conservative

Mr. JOHN BRACKEN (Leader of the Opposition):

Two days ago I directed a

question to the Prime Minister or the Minister of Veterans Affairs. It had to do. with the proposed international trade conference next summer. The question was whether, an invitation had been received from the United States, and if so would the government give favourable consideration to the sending of a non-partisan delegation. May we have an answer to that question?

Hon. IAN A. MACKENZIE (Minister of Veterans Affairs): May I be permitted to

have an answer made at three o'clock this afternoon?

Topic:   POULTRY
Subtopic:   EXPORTS TO THE UNITED KINGDOM AND THE UNITED STATES TRADE AND EMPLOYMENT CANADIAN REPRESENTATION AT INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE IN 1946
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PC

John Bracken (Leader of the Official Opposition)

Progressive Conservative

Mr. BRACKEN:

Yes.

Topic:   POULTRY
Subtopic:   EXPORTS TO THE UNITED KINGDOM AND THE UNITED STATES TRADE AND EMPLOYMENT CANADIAN REPRESENTATION AT INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE IN 1946
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VETERANS AFFAIRS

December 15, 1945