It seems to me this is one of the most important items coming under this branch of the department. The live stock
industry has become perhaps one of the greatest industries in Canada. On a previous occasion and again to-day the minister gave figures to show the rapid increase in poultry production in this country, and I think I am safe in saying that more difficulty is encountered in raising live stock than in any other branch of agriculture. Every year literally millions of dollars are lost to the farmers through different animal diseases. I suppose the minister will say that a large sum of money is provided under the health of animals branch for administration of the Animal Contagious Diseases Act, but it seems to me that more could and should be done for the farmers of Canada from the point of view of research.
A number of animal diseases are prevalent in this country at the present time. First, we have tuberculosis which, however, has been eliminated to a certain extent and is pretty well under control. Then we have Bang's disease, which is causing great loss to our farmers. Unfortunately farmers very often try to hide rather than treat this disease. I understand that serums have been developed and that the policy of the department has been changed to permit the use of such serums, though only two, or three years ago they were not allowed, I suppose for obvious reasons. Even so, however, the manufacture of these serums is largely confined to small areas. I believe the Guelph agricultural college does produce serums for vaccination against Bang's disease, but I think this department might very well undertake the manufacture of such serums or at least see that they are manufactured in plentiful supply. Another bad disease which very much concerns live stock producers in Ontario is what is called shipping fever, or hemorrhagic septicaemia. Farmers buy cattle in the Toronto stockyard, or other places, and take them home for feeding. They must have those animals vaccinated right away, or they may suffer very serious loss, and in some instances that loss is suffered in spite of the vaccination. A farmer brings home a carload of cattle for which he has paid a good price, only to lose one or two from this disease, and I think something should be done to control this disease in the stockyards and in the cars in which these cattle are shipped. Then again we have nutritional diseases in swine; we have poultry diseases; we have parasitic diseases, sheep stomach worms and so on. I feel that I am giving the minister wise advice when I say that a great deal more money should be provided for research purposes along these lines. After all, the loss from these causes amounts to millions of
dollars, and I would ask the minister what is being done particularly in regard to Bang's disease and hemorrhagic septicaemia.
Subtopic: REFERENCE TO ANSWER TO QUESTION ON FEBRUARY 28