April 1, 1943

RIGHT HON. ANTHONY EDEN


SUSPENSION OF SITTING TO WELCOME THE BRITISH FOREIGN SECRETARY


LIB

Thomas Vien (Speaker of the Senate)

Liberal

Mr. SPEAKER:

In accordance with arrangements which have been made for Mr. Eden's visit, it has been considered advisable not to enter upon routine proceedings, and with the consent of the house I would ask that the sitting be suspended until 8 o'clock this day.

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SITTING SUSPENDED


At 3.05 p.m. the sitting of the house was suspended until 8 p.m.


LIB

William Lyon Mackenzie King (Prime Minister; Secretary of State for External Affairs; President of the Privy Council)

Liberal

Right Hon. W. L. MACKENZIE KING (Prime Minister):

Mr. Speaker, on behalf

of hon. members of both houses of this parliament of Canada, it is my privilege and pleasure to extend a very warm welcome to the Right Honourable Anthony Eden, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs in the United Kingdom, who has honoured us with his presence on the floor of this chamber this afternoon and very kindly consented to address the members here assembled a little later in the course of the afternoon.

May I say to Mr. Eden that I extend this welcome, not only on behalf of the members of the two houses of parliament, but on behalf of the Canadian people as a whole, whose representatives we are.

When we learned that Mr. Eden had accepted the invitation extended to him by the government of the United States to visit the United States to discuss with the President and his colleagues matters pertaining to the war, we were delighted to learn that he hoped to be able also to visit Canada before returning to the United Kingdom. I should like at once to thank Mr. Eden most *warmly for having accepted so promptly the invitation which upon his arrival in Washington was extended to him by the government of Canada-not only for his kindness in accepting the invitation, but also for agreeing in the course of his stay to address both houses of parliament and to speak to the Canadian people over our radio broadcasting system; and may I add, for his courtesy in sparing the time to spend two or three days with us in the capital.

I am not going to reflect upon the intelligence of members of the two houses of parliament by attempting to review even in briefest outline the outstanding attainments of Mr. Eden's very notable career. They are known not only in this country and in

Right Hon. Anthony Eden

all British countries but in all parts of the world. I would however say to Mr. Eden that we specially welcome him in our parliament to-day because of the important place which he has filled for some twenty years past in the parliament at Westminster, and for the position he now holds of

Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs in the United Kingdom and as leader of the British House of Commons. In his twenty years in parliament Mr. Eden has been more intimately associated with the work of the Foreign Office than most of his distinguished predecessors in that high position. I believe it is true that the present Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs has visited more countries in Europe and in other parts of the world, has visited more parts of the British commonwealth of nations, knows personally more of those who are directing the affairs of both the allied countries and the enemy nations, than any previous occupant of his high office. It is certainly true that no secretaiy of state for foreign affaire has held that all-important position at a time more critical in the affairs of the world. He has brought to his high office exceptional qualities-qualities, may I say to him, which have been reassuring to all who are members of free assemblies.

We welcome him not only for his position as Secretary of State and for all of high attainment that it signifies, not only for has position of leader of the House of Commons of Britain, which he holds at the present time, we welcome him as well because of the high and important mission on which he has come to this side of the Atlantic. Mr. Eden himself has told us that his mission was to undertake a general exchange of views with the President of the United States and his colleagues on all aspects of the war situation and to discuss the most effective method of preparing for meetings between the governments of all united nations to consider questions arising out of the war and questions which will continue to confront the united nations as they seek to work out the problems of peace and of the postwar world. It is not less gratifying to us than I am sure it has been to Mr. Eden himself and to the President, the Secretary of State, Mr. Cordell Hull, and other members of the government of the United States, to know that he and they were in such complete agreement in respect of the many important subjects they discussed.

Mr. Eden has come to us to discuss similar problems. As hon. members are aware, since the time of his arrival on Tuesday afternoon he has been meeting, almost continuously,

members of the war cabinet and other of my colleagues. We have been discussing the same subjects and problems. May I say to him that I think we have found ourselves in measure of agreement with him equal to that in which he and the President found themselves in relation to matters they discussed.

In his memorable address at Annapolis, before leaving the United States, Mr. Eden spoke of the British commonwealth of nations as affording a pattern for the better organization of the united nations and for more effective means of consultation and conference between them in carrying out the great purposes they have in common. In making that statement I think I may say that he has spoken for Canada as well as for the United Kingdom. I am sure he has spoken for all the self-governing parts of the British commonwealth of nations.

We welcome Mr. Eden not only for his great accomplishments, for all that he has so successfully achieved in the twenty years of his public life, for his wide experience and his wisdom in public affairs and his knowledge of men, but also and most of all for what he is in himself. There is no doubt that the new order, which we all hope is going to follow the termination of this war and prevail in the period of peace, will take on the character of the men who are at the head of affairs and who will have to do with the shaping of that new order. It is fortunate indeed for the world that a man who holds the high standards of thought and purpose which Mr. Eden has so consistently upheld, one who has been so strong a champion of the rights of free men, and of justice as between nations, should be one who will be a foremost figure in the shaping of that new era. It is I say a fortunate thing for the well-being of mankind, for the relations between individuals and between nations, that one who possesses so eminently the high qualities of integrity and justice and love of freedom, the belief in the oneness of the human family, and so strong a sense of brotherhood, should be of those who will have a commanding voice in the shaping of the new order that is to come.

In conclusion, may I ask you, Mr. Eden, on your return to Britain if you will take with you the most loyal of greetings and expressions of devotion of His Majesty's Canadian subjects to the King and1 Queen. Will you also take with you the warmest and best wishes to the Prime Minister of Britain. Tell Mr. Churchill how relieved we all were at his speedy recovery after the unfortunate indisposition he suffered on his return from North Africa, and tell him we do hope and pray that

Right Hon. Anthony Eden

he will continue to the end to enjoy the vision, the wisdom and the endurance which he has manifested from the beginning in his conduct of the affairs of this war. And tell him and tell all the people of Britain that Canada is heart and soul with them in this struggle, and that we shall continue so to remain until the fight itself is ended and victory and peace have been achieved.

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NAT

Gordon Graydon (Leader of the Official Opposition)

National Government

Mr. GORDON GRAYDON (Leader of the Opposition):

Mr. Speaker, speaking on behalf of the members of the Progressive Conservative party may I add a word to what has been so eloquently said1 by the leader of the government of Canada, the Prime Minr ister (Mr. Mackenzie King). I should like to join in the welcome he has extended to our distinguished guest and to say that we in this chamber are honoured and privileged to have with us not ' only the voice of Britain itself, but a distinguished world figure.

Mr. Eden fought valiantly, courageously and heroically in the dark and trying days of the last war. He was decorated by His Majesty for those services; and throughout the period between the last war and the present one his years of contribution to the preservation of the peace for which he and so many others fought, shone as a beacon light in a confused and stormy international sea. At times he stood almost alone in that period. But may I say this, Mr. Speaker, that while he may have stood almost alone, he 'has seen, in the events of recent years, that stand fully justified.

To-day our distinguished guest continues the fight. As the Prime Minister has said, we welcome him not only for what he has done but for what he is doing. We welcome him for what he represents, and because of what he stands for. We welcome him, too, for what he is. What the Prime Minister has said I need not repeat; but it augurs well for Mr. Eden's position in the structure which will be developed in the world after the war that friendliness, humility, honour and devotion to duty are some of the outstanding but not all the fine characteristics which distinguish him.

Mr. Eden's loyalty to the cause of justice as between little nations and big nations, his loyalty to that cause so far as "little" men and "little" women throughout the world are concerned, have been characteristic of him ever since he became a spokesman for Great Britain in the field of international politics and international law. He has had many gifts at the hands of his government and1 his people. He was Secretary of State for War in Great Britain when the fateful decision had to be made whether or not Great Britain

itself would have to be denuded of its strength in order that the action taken should be a favourable one with respect to holding the Suez canal. He was also Secretary for War when our motherland and empire went to the aid of the heroic Greeks. And I say now that we shall always look back with a great deal of pride on the daring move that was made on that occasion.

As Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs Mr. Eden is on a mission to arouse us and our fighting allies in this war to the realization of the need of fighting for common aims and formulating common plans both for victory and for peace. Our honoured guest has made a notable contribution to democracy through these last twenty years of service, but, thank God, he is still a young man as years of public life are counted. Having that youth, and having had such wide experience, two very important qualifications, we may, I think, in the days that lie ahead, look for a contribution by the Right Honourable Anthony Eden to world affairs that perhaps will eclipse even his prevous record of outstanding service. As the Prime Minister said a moment ago, Mr. Eden's attachment to the pattern of the British commonwealth of nations, in so far as the structure for world peace is concerned, is one of course to which all of us subscribe.

The Prime Minister has asked that Mr. Eden take back to Their Majesties, to the Prime Minister of Great Britain and its people our best wishes and good will. I reecho his sentiments. But I wish also to ask the right hon. gentleman if he wall carry back to the Canadian armed forces overseas an expression of our recognition of the part they are playing and the sacrifices and services they are making and are prepared to make and to give an order that we in Canada may have security and freedom. My only hope is that we in Canada, in our deliberations and our work, shall be worthy of their sacrifices and their services. To the people of Great Britain I would ask Mr. Eden to carry back this message from the Canadian people: We are prepared to fight to the last, with Great Britain and the united nations, until every vestige of terrorism and danger to freedom is crushed and dead.

And may I say in simple and heartfelt language to our distinguished guest, when he leaves our soil: bon voyage, good luck, and may God's richest blessings rest upon him and his giant undertaking in the interests of a better world, in which freedom and justice shall be the unassailable right of all.

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CCF

Major James William Coldwell

Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (C.C.F.)

Mr. M. J. COLDWELL (Rosetown-Biggar):

Mr. Speaker, we of the Cooperative Commonwealth Federation are pleased to join in the welcome extended to the Right Honourable

Right Hon. Anthony Eden

Anthony Eden. He represents to us a brave people who stood steadfastly together, and almost alone, when many thought that our cause was lost. We remember that throughout his public career he has stood consistently for the preservation of peace by means of collective security. Nor do we forget that because in 1938 he believed that the covenant of the League of Nations involved certain obligations he resigned the high office he held at that time.

We have noted with considerable satisfaction his timely assurances that we are not fighting to-day to preserve the status quo, but rather in order that there may be a possibility for future world progress. As a free nation in the British commonwealth [DOT] of nations our people, too, are prepared to go forward to ultimate success in the high hope that in association with our allies of the united nations, we together, when victory is won, may lay the foundations of a world in which there shall be freedom from fear, freedom from war and freedom from want.

That, sir, is the message that I would ask him to convey to the British people on behalf of the party for which I speak.

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SC

John Horne Blackmore

Social Credit

Mr. J. H. BLACKMORE (Lethbridge):

Mr. Speaker, the Right Honourable Anthony Eden represents the people of a country, one of the great poets of which sang these noble words:

The old order changeth, yielding place to new;

And God fulfils himself in many ways,

Lest one good custom should corrupt the world.

It has fallen upon Mr. Eden's shoulders in these trying times to preside, as it were, while the prophecy which was voiced in those words is being fulfilled. We desire that he shall be inspired and guided in the performance of all he does, and that wisdom, vision and courage shall be his, as they have been in the past.

Members of the Social Credit group wish to join with members of other parties in expressions of loyalty and devotion to the great cause which is symbolized by the British commonwealth of nations. Whenever great changes are about to be brought into being there is always the danger that we shall go from bad to worse. It must be our constant endeavour to see that we shall go from good to better. We were greatly comforted when it was reported to us the Right Honourable Anthony Eden had said that the blueprint of the future was to be the British commonwealth of nations. We recall that in the memorable document known as the Balfour declaration it was set forth explicitly that members of the British commonwealth of nations are to be "autonomous communities [Mr. ColdweU.l . . I

within the British empire, equal in status, in no way subordinate one to another in any aspect of their domestic or external affairs". We believe that in the new world and the new order that principle should prevail. We desire that, with respect not only to members of the British commonwealth of nations but also to other nations which may join themselves together in an endeavour to improve matters, it will be possible for each nation to say truthfully in the words of another great English writer:

Daughter am I in my mother's house,

But mistress in my own.

We ask that the Right Honourable Anthony Eden shall take back to Great Britain our congratulations, our sympathy, our expression of devotion and our association with them-

Till danger's troubled night depart And the star of peace return.

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LIB

Thomas Vien (Speaker of the Senate)

Liberal

Hon. THOMAS VIEN (Speaker of the Senate):

Mr. Eden, honourable members of the Senate and of the House of Commons, it is indeed a great honour and privilege to extend on behalf of the Senate of Canada to the Right Honourable Mr. Eden a most cordial welcome on the occasion of his visit to our houses of parliament.

You have come to us, sir, as a knight in shining armour. We know the important part you have taken and are still taking in the momentous struggle of the united nations to ensure the final victory of right over might, of justice over iniquity, of liberty over tyranny and oppression. We shall be forever thankful that, amidst your innumerable occupations, it has been possible for you to visit us. And we may tell you in advance that your stay in Ottawa will leave in our minds an imperishable memory, and that the speech you are about to deliver will be to us an inspiration and an incentive of the highest order.

May I add that the example of duty and devotion which you have set to the empire and the world in the present war is already engraved in our minds in a most ineradicable manner.

(Translation): Mr. Eden, I take much

pride at being the spokesman of my French-Canadian compatriots to welcome you to our country and I feel gratified in acknowledging in my own tongue, on behalf of the French-Canadian members of the Senate and of the House of Commons, the inspiration and encouragement that will flow from the speech you are about to deliver and which will remain engraved in gold both in our public records and in our hearts.

Right Hon. Anthony Eden

Since 1S48, French has been one of the official languages of our country. I may therefore use it to state that .the French Canadians have done their full share in the prosecution of this war; that they are happy to be British citizens and to live under a form of government under which they enjoy the greatest freedom; that they always have remained faithful to the parliamentary and democratic institutions which they enjoy. Their sole desire, to the fulfilment of which they apply their best efforts, is to ensure the triumph of our armed forces and to bequeath to the coming generation an enlarged inheritance which can be assured only through an allied victory.

You appear to us as a fearless and faultless knight; and I wish to convey to you the gratitude we feel for the commendable part you have always played in promoting the triumph of right over might, of justice over evil and of freedom over tyranny and oppression.

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LIB

Thomas Vien (Speaker of the Senate)

Liberal

Mr. SPEAKER:

Honourable members of the Senate and the House of Commons, we are met this afternoon to receive a very distinguished visitor, the Right Honourable Anthony Eden, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs and Leader of the House of Commons. Mr. Eden is no stranger to the forum of the House of Commons. He, like Mr. Churchill, is a House of Commons man; and it is therefore eminently fitting and proper that Mr. Eden should give his first public address in Canada from the floor of the Canadian House of Commons.

It would be a work of supererogation for me to recite the many virtues which have been expressed to-day by members of the house regarding Mr. Eden. His name is a familiar one in Canada. His career is known to many people throughout our dominion. And I believe that on this occasion-and none could be more appropriate than this gathering of members of both houses of parliament- Canada through its parliament would wish to express to Mr. Eden the deep-souled appreciation and unstinted admiration of the courage and fortitude of the British people during those tragic months of 1940 and since. We who understood the desperation of those times will ever be thankful that there was a noble band of leaders in the United Kingdom who, when it seemed that the last bastion of freedom in the European world was crumbling in ruins, stood steadfast and firm, never faltering; and that they and the British people gave an example of courage and determination greater and more heroic than that displayed at any other time in the long history of Britain. Mr. Eden was an outstanding leader among those leaders of whom I have spoken.

To us in Canada it is a most comforting thought that in that crisis Canada and the other nations comprising the British commonwealth never swerved from their stern and implacable purpose to support the United Kingdom and to resist with all their strength and resources the forces of evil ranged against democracy. The commonwealth, let it never be forgotten, stood alone in those days. We now have allies of the most powerful, nations in the world. And although the road may be long and dreary, and the end not yet in sight, there is no doubt now as to the issue.

Now, sir, I hand over to you the members of both houses of parliament. The listening world is eagerly awaiting your address. You are not bound by the rules of this house-you may even read your speech. And our rule limiting speeches to forty minutes is with unanimous consent, now given, suspended entirely.

Honourable members of the Senate and the House of Commons: I present to you the Right Honourable Anthony Eden, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs in the United Kingdom.

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Right Hon. ANTHONY EDEN@Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs in the United Kingdom

Mr. Speaker, I am deeply grateful to you and to the members of the parliament of Canada for the compliment which you have paid me in thus inviting me to speak to you here from the floor of the house. I understand, of course, that the compliment is not paid to me personally but to our own House of Commons at home, of which I happen to be, for the time being, the unworthy leader. I feel sure that my colleagues in the House of Commons at Westminster would wish me to express to you here and now their warmest thanks and gratitude for this truly thoughtful gesture. There is no compliment, as you, sir, have hinted, that could appeal more to the heart of any House of Commons man.

Sir, this procedure and these surroundings are familiar to me, though I confess that your house is at once more spacious and more generously fitted-and, let me add, less battered^-than our own. As you are perhaps aware, our own chamber at Westminster has [DOT]been destroyed, and as an act of gracious generosity we now meet in what was formerly known to us as "another place". None the less I can assure you with all conviction that the spirit of the House of Commons lives on, undismayed by enemy action or even by its present more august setting.

I would like to take this opportunity, sir, to express to my old friend the Prime Minister, to his colleagues and to other friends here in Canada my warm thanks for the kindness and

Right Hon. Anthony Eden

hospitality they have shown me since I have been in this great city. The Prime Minister referred just now to the work we have done together in a few crowded hours. I almost think that he and I have been keeping the kind of hours that are usually associated with my own Prime Minister. However that may be, I share with him the full satisfaction at the result of the work we have been able to do together.

Some very generous things have been said about me this afternoon. If I thought there was any danger of your believing any of them, I should be highly nervous, but I am comforted by the reflection that there was no risk of that.

I would preface what I say to-day by giving you this assurance, if I may. Those who have preceded me have given many generous messages to my country. I shall regard myself as privileged to take back to Their Majesties the King and Queen, to our great Prime Minister, Mr. Winston Churchill, and to the people of Britain, the encouraging, the heartening and cheering words which have been uttered1 in thi3 parliament to-day.

To think of Canada in these times is to think of her armed- forces by land, sea and air, and it is of these that I would speak to you first. It so happens, by the chance of events, that I have been lucky enough to see something of the Canadian forces since the earliest days of the war. As dominions secretary in the opening months of the war it was my privilege to travel to a certain port, there to welcome the first contingent of your army to reach the shores of the old country. Sir, I could never forget that scene. It was a beautiful winter morning, such as we do have in Britain sometimes, at a famous port which I suppose must still remain anonymous; such are the rules of censorship. I was the spectator of the scene from the flagship of the commander-in-chief of the home fleet. As the great armada of liners swung into sight under the escort of the Royal Navy, cheering Canadian troops lined the decks and the band of the flagship played "0 Canada." I suppose that seldom in human history have so many great transports and so many powerful ships of war been assembled together at one time. That was Canada making her contribution in the hour of need, and that was only the beginning. Many contingents of your army have followed the forerunners. When in April, 1940, a few brief weeks before the drama of Dunkerque, the Prime Minister, Mr. Winston Churchill, formed his government, he asked roe to take over the war office. There again I had the opportunity of meeting officers and men of the Canadian forces. Those were the dark days of 1940 to which you, sir, have just referred, when the presence of your troops

was at once a safeguard to our threatened citadel and an inspiration to our own efforts. Since those days the Canadian army in Britain has had to endure a long period of training and waiting. No experience can be more exacting for the morale of any army. Its officers and men have sustained this ordeal with a patience and a sense of discipline that has won the admiration of us all. Save for the attack at Dieppe, carried through with that brilliant dash and daring which the world has come to associate with Canadian arms, the lot of your fellow countrymen in Britain has been one of waiting for the hour that will come. This message I should like you to give to the people of Canada, in all sincerity: As the months and the years have passed, the affection of the British people for their Canadian guests and comrades has grown until we have come to regard1 them not as visiting kinfolk but as our very own, men whom we respect and admire. We know that one day their distinguished commander, General McNaughton, will lead them to victory.

Now, sir, let me speak for a moment of the undying achievements of the Royal Canadian Air Force, made possible by the well-planned execution of the commonwealth air training scheme. It so happens that as dominions secretary I also saw the first conception and early execution of that scheme. I do not think that any of us then quite realized-I freely admit that I did not-the extent to which its development might influence the whole course of the war, even though its potentialities did inspire us all to do what we could to ensure the success of its early beginnings. Well, sir, if Canada had done nothing else in this war, her predominant share in the commonwealth air training scheme would ensure for her an enduring place in the roll of fame.

I had a fortunate experience this morning, such as seldom falls to the lot of those of us who have to bear political burdens in this time. I took a couple of hours off, and I went not far from this city to see one of those training centres. It was a truly inspiring experience. Clearly the work that is being done there has much more than merely war-time importance. In one flight I saw young men from Canada, from Australia, from New Zealand, from the United States and from the old country working together in complete comradeship and understanding. It does not require much imagination to understand the significance that can have for the future. These young men are getting to know and respect each other. They are breaking down some of the old barriers. Some of the old prejudices are being removed by this greater comradeship of the air. All the instructors to whom I spoke gave me evidence of this. So, sir, I say that these

Right Hon. Anthony Eden

young pilots may be the best ambassadors of the future. If we can only capture and keep the spirit which they have learned in these schools there is no international problem which we cannot resolve.

I am going to ask hon. members of these two houses if for a moment now they will cast their minds back to the early days of the war, because I should like to tell them that there is in the minds of all my countrymen one recollection above all which stands out from those days. We can never forget that when we went to war to redeem our pledged word- a fact that I like to keep present in my mind-when we did that, you stood1 with us. Four self-governing dominions of the British empire took their stand in partnership with us. That event is part of recorded history. No man can change it. It is an event of which the British commonwealth will always be, I trust, supremely proud. This close association in the hour of danger was the outward expression of the inner meaning of the British commonwealth.

Let us for a moment consider its significance, because I am of the opinion that we do not talk about ourselves enough. What did it mean? It meant that a number of selfgoverning communities scattered all over the world realized as clearly as we did, who were very much closer to the scene, the peril that beset not only them but mankind. Understanding full well that the threat to one was a threat to all, they rallied unanimously in defence of the common cause. That event was all the more remarkable when we reflect that the citizens of this commonwealth are not all of one common stock. Here in Canada are millions of French descent, whilst in South Africa the majority is in fact of Dutch origin. Moreover, India and the colonial territories of the empire have from the first day taken their place at our side. When, therefore, all is measured, there has been no more striking, no more inspiring episode in human history than this free and spontaneous action by all the peoples of the British empire.

Since those days we have battled through some pretty stern times together. We have known dark days and, on occasion, brighter hopes. To-day, -when we survey the world scene, we are conscious of the support of many and powerful friends, so that if we hold together and persist until the end, the issue is not in doubt. In recent months encouraging reports have reached us from many theatres of war. We are entitled to rejoice at them, to take fresh heart from them, but there would be an element of danger if they were to cause us for one moment to relax our efforts.

The better news must not tempt us to underrate our enemies' strength; it must only nerve us to greater efforts. Our Turkish friends

have given many wise sayings to the world. There is one in particular which I would commend to you as being a suitable motto for the stern business of war-Though thine enemy be an ant, imagine that he is an elephant." So it is our duty to concentrate all our strength upon the first task in hand, which is the utter defeat of the enemy. It is well, very well that we should take thought and counsel together as to the future problems that may beset us.

It would be bad if we were to allow such necessary preparation to dim for one instant our vision of the work at hand and our determination to see it through.

Sir, even as I speak at this hour, the battle of the Atlantic is raging. It is yet undecided. In the struggle that has ebbed and flowed these months and years, the Royal Canadian Navy has played a glorious part. The epic of the convoys is never ending; it would require libraries to do justice to it; the words of the greatest poets that ever lived would not suffice. We must regard the U-boat as our greatest menace. It is the ceaseless task of our navies to protect our life-lines, and to fight a way through for our convoys. The enemy is clearly staking heavily upon his U-boat offensive. We must not only continue, but intensify our efforts against this desperate challenge. You may be confident that we shall do so.

Sir, having uttered this warning, perhaps I may yet speak to you for a little of the future. As the war progresses we see the conception of the united nations gradually taking shape. I believe it is better that this development should come about in this gradual way. Cooperation which is bom of stern necessity and forged by experience has the best chance to survive into the years of peace. It is better to build as we go along, to test our mutual understanding and to develop it rather than to devise all at once some elaborate structure into which we shall seek to fit the component parts as best we may. In this sphere of international endeavour the commonwealth has its specific contribution to make.

Sir, it has been our practice for many years to allow and encourage cooperation to grow. We have neither rigid rules nor precise formulae between us, but we have the spirit of understanding and we know the road that we would travel. Can we infuse something of this same spirit into the sphere of international relations? If we can, we shall have made an essential contribution to a peace that can endure.

(Translation) One thing I should like you to know about our British people is that, after three years of war, they show no sign of weakening. The British are united in a stubborn

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Right Hon. Anthony Eden

determination to see the struggle through to a finish, for they are armed with strength, courage and fortitude.

The enemy's pre-war slander about the British being exhausted and done for has been disproved with a consummate vigour unparalleled in history. Above all, the British have a very youthful spirit and, both east and west, you may depend upon them until the end of the conflict and until triumphant peace.

Many a nation has painfully suffered in this war. France has known a particularly hard and bitter ordeal.

Throughout my life I have believed in the greatness of France and, to-day, my faith in her future remains unshakable.

For our part, we have but one wish: to witness a renewal of the bond which unites all Frenchmen who have sworn to fight our common enemy. We will always be ready to help them achieve that purpose for it marks the first step toward the regeneration of France and the opening of a new chapter in her glorious history.

(Text) Sir, when we consider the unhappy years, the distressful years between the two wars ,we should surely do so in the determination to learn the lessons of our failure. I have myself had some experience, as have your Prime Minister and others of your Canadian statesmen, of the attempts which have been made to keep the peace by international machinery. Well, sir, one lesson is predominant in my mind. The League of Nations suffered, no doubt, from a number of human failings and shortcomings. We all do. However, what above all it lacked was a sufficiently wide international authority to express its decisions with conviction and an adequate force to see them executed.

So it was that the gangster nations, Germany, Italy and Japan, could test their strength and work their will. Mr. Speaker, we must never be in that position again. It is essential that when this war is over the united nations should maintain sufficient force to ensure that neither Germany nor Italy nor Japan can ever plunge the world into war again. The experience through which I have lived is similar to the experience which many of you have known. I have taken part, as you have done, as a soldier in one war which we had hoped, as I have just been reminded, was a war to end war. I now watch my son prepare to take part in a second war. Mr. Speaker, it is our duty to see to it that this cruel and inhuman lot is not also the heritage of our children's children.

For my part I, therefore, say definitely that I am not prepared to take risks again with either Germany, Italy Japan. I have no

faith in the promises of their statesmen or in. the smooth assurances of their apologists. There is only one security for mankind in respect of all of them-to ensure that they shall be totally disarmed and in no position ever to try their strength again. And then indeed peace may have its chance. After the bitter lessons which we have learnt we must insist upon the fullest precautions. Sir, to say these things is not to show a lack of humanity, but to clarify our thought on issues upon which the future life of the world will depend.

It is no easy task to coordinate the action of the united nations in war, nor will it be simple in peace; but if the basis which I am propounding is accepted, as I am sure it will be by us all, then the task can be achieved.

I have myself been greatly encouraged by the conversations which I have had upon these matters a year ago in Moscow and more recently in Washington. They have been an inspiration to me. Admittedly there will be differences and divergencies amongst us. Five per cent I think the President allotted to them, and of course there always will be such. But they are not insurmountable, because at heart we want the same thing- international security, so that all of our peoples may live and develop their lives in freedom and at peace.

Let me then sum up my message to you. For this task we shall need not only a close understanding among the nations of the British commonwealth, the United States. Russia and China, but the full cooperation of all the united nations. Together we can win the war and win the peace, and nothing less shall content us. It is our duty to hand on to our children a world in which freedom can live and a man command his soul, free from that constant dread which shadows our own time. To that task we have set our hands and will dedicate our lives. Let us give this pledge this afternoon: We will neither falter nor fail until we have redeemed our word and opened to future generations a peace and promise that we have never known.

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LIB

Thomas Vien (Speaker of the Senate)

Liberal

Mr. SPEAKER:

I do not propose to add anything to the address to which we have just listened. All I shall do is to express to you, sir, the profound thanks of Canada and of both houses of parliament here assembled, for a speech memorable in phrase and style, and moving in its appeal. And I would seek to express the prayer of multitudes of people in all parts of the world that you and your colleagues may be given strength and wisdom to complete the high task to which you have been called and that through victory, peace and happiness may return soon to this war-torn world.

Privilege-Mr. Pouliut

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SITTING RESUMED


The house resumed at eight o'clock.


LIB

James Lorimer Ilsley (Minister of Finance and Receiver General)

Liberal

Hon. J. L. ILSLEY (Minister of Finance) moved:

That the address of the Right Honourable Anthony Eden, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs and Leader of the House of Commons of Great Britain, delivered before the members of the Senate and House of Commons of Canada in the chamber of the House of Commons on Thursday, April 1, 1943, be included in the House of Commons Delates and form part of the permanent records of this parliament.

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Motion agreed to.


PRIVATE BILLS

MONTREAL SHRINERS' HOSPITAL FOUNDATION


Mr. D. C. ABBOTT (St. Antoine-West-mount) moved the first reading of Bill No. 53 (from the senate) to incorporate Montreal Shriners' Hospital Foundation.


April 1, 1943