Right Hon. W. L. MACKENZIE KING (Prime Minister):
To-day marks the celebration in the Soviet Union of the twenty-fifth anniversary of the establishment of the red army. Its achievements in the last twenty months have given to all the free peoples who have been resisting nazi aggression so much cause for encouragement and thanksgiving. I do not wish to allow the occasion to pass without reference in this house to the successes of the Soviet forces under the leadership of Premier Stalin. The whole free world is in their debt for what they have done to withstand the German invaders and to drive them from many thousands of square miles of Soviet territory. May their arms continue to be successful until victory over our common enemy is achieved.
Speaking of Russia's successes I should like to repeat in this house a warning which Mr. Eden gave to the people of Great Britain in his speech in London on Sunday. The foreign secretary of Great Britain pointed out that German propaganda was trying to succeed where German armies had failed and was making every effort to foster suspicion and encourage dissension between the allies by reviving the bogey of bolshevism and by representing Hitler as the saviour of western civilization. We must be on our guard in Canada against deceptions and propaganda of this kind. Inspired by mutual trust and confidence, begotten of common efforts, let us believe in and work for full and frank cooperation towards victory among all members of the united nations, and after victory has been won, towards a just and durable peace.
The past year has witnessed the establishment of direct diplomatic relations between Canada and the Union of Socialist Soviet Republics, which was announced in this house on June 12. Shortly afterwards we had the pleasure of welcoming to Canada Mr. Feodor Gousev as Soviet minister, and I am glad to be able to inform the house that Mr. Dana Wilgress will shortly establish the first Canadian diplomatic mission in the U.S.S.R. I am sure it is the fervent hope of all Canadians that the establishment of diplomatic relations is but the prelude to a long period of mutual
[Mr. St. Laurpnt.l
understanding and cooperation between our two peoples, both in the conduct of the war and in the maintenance of a firm and durable
Impressive figures have recently been made public in the United Kingdom and the United States of the supplies furnished to the Soviet government by the united nations. I should like the people of Canada to know as fully as possible within the limits of military secrecy what portion of these supplies has been produced in Canada.
Out of a total of over six thousand tanks more than one thousand were manufactured in Canada. Two thousand universal carriers have gone forward to the U.S.S.R., as well as quantities of guns and over 22,000,000 rounds of ammunition of various types. We have sent to the Russian people military clothing and supplies. Many shiploads of strategic metals and materials have gone forward from Canada. In the field of foodstuffs the house will recall the Canadian-Soviet credit agreement under which a credit of $10,000,000 was extended to the U.S.S.R. to cover purchases of Canadian wheat and flour. The Canadian people have contributed $1,000,000 to the Canadian Red Cross Society and these funds have been used to supply essential medical supplies vitally needed on the Russian front. The Canadian aid to Russia fund has also completed an appeal for $1,000,000, to which the Canadian public have generously responded by subscribing in cash a sum considerably over $2,000,000. If the value of goods donated were added the total would be considerably over $3,000,000. Thus essential weapons, munitions of war and raw materials, foodstuffs and medical supplies have gone forward from Canada to strengthen the Russian people in the fight, while at the same time Canadian forces, together with their comrades in arms from each of the united nations, have hammered powerful blows against the common enemy.
In paying tribute to the valour and spirit of the Red army our admiration is equalled only by our determination to face the common enemy with like fortitude. To-day our common task in this vast struggle has brought Russia and Canada closer together. To-morrow, when the scourge of fascism has been blasted from the minds of free men everywhere, our peoples must work side by side to aid in the establishment of a world order based on inter-dependence and on the worth of human personality.
Subtopic: TWENTY-FIFTH ANNIVERSARY OF ESTABLISHMENT OF THE RUSSIAN ARMY-TRIBUTE TO ITS VALOUR AND SPIRIT