Pay and allowances- B.C.A.T.P
Overseas Estimated cash requirement $106,217,454 25,505,615 26,034,937 expenditure for fiscal year 1941-1942 (not final) $69,222,743 10,861,079 2,050,837Total.... $157,758,006 $82,134,659Construction and improvements-* B.C.A.T.P
H.W.E $ 25,966,199 28,877,825 $39,537,408 28,631,324Total.... $ 54,844,024 $68,168,732Aircraft, engines and spares- B.C.A.T.P
H.W.E $ 36,785,986 134,969,419 $42,044,147 45,155,671Total.... $171,755,405 $87,199,818Clothing and necessaries- B.C.A.T.P
Overseas $ 15,081,560 3,322,505 6,240 $10,030,689 491,133 545Total $ 18,410,305 $10,522,367Miscellaneous stores- B.C.A.T.P
. Overseas $ 12,083,550 10,171,669 3,000 $ 9,191,386 2,457,948 371Total $ 22,258,219 $11,649,705Rations- B.C.A.T.P
H.W.E $ 14.008,888 2,782,475 $ 5.251,399 662,946Total.... $ 16,791,363 $ 5,914,345Bombs and ammunition- B.C.A.T.P
H.W.E $ 10,843,950 6,363,222 $ 1,962,392 2,165,080Total $ 17,207,172 $ 4,127,472Aero gas and oil- B.C.A.T.P
H.W.E $ 16,721,610 3,918,000 $ 8,200,773 948,649Total $ 20,639,610 $ 9,149,422Overhaul of aircraft and engines- B.C.A.T.P $ 27,206,609 HAV.E
7,645,774 $ 8,975,373 500,449Total.... $ 34,852,383 $ 9,475,822
To revert to the first item in the order in which we have taken up these items, we are asking $247,000,000 for the home war establishment, plus, as I said, $42,000,000 and also plus certain other amounts should we be able to obtain the necessary aircraft. As is well known, the work of the home war establishment consists of guarding the security of Canada. The functions carried out are those of reconnaissance far out to sea to spot the enemy before he approaches our shores, convoy patrol in order to guard our sea lines and the sea lines to the United Kingdom, and anti-submarine patrol. This work has become increasingly difficult and , increasingly important as the enemy comes closer and closer to our shores on the Atlantic coast and is a greater menace on the Pacific. We must see to it so far as we can that we keep enemy ships from possible bombardment of our east and west coasts and keep away from our Pacific and our Atlantic coasts enemy seaborne and airborne forces.
If we had been faced this time last year with the situation with which we are faced to-day we would have been almost helpless. It would have been extremely difficult for us at that time to provide increased submarine sweeps, more bomber reconnaissance off Newfoundland and the Atlantic coast and at the same time provide certain protection on the Pacific coast. Fortunately at the present time we have a large number of trained pilots, more than we had last year since at that time they were beginning to go overseas. We have more aircraft
not sufficient by any means-than we had, and our construction development of defensive aerodromes has progressed to a much greater degree than it had at that time.
I have always, when mentioning the home war establishment, endeavoured to pay my tribute to the pilots and other air crew employed on this most forlorn, most lonely and most unglamorous, if I may use that word, of duties. Day after day they go far out to sea over the Atlantic in all kinds of weather. They go out from Newfoundland, sometimes as far as Greenland. They go out through the fog of the Pacific. There is little glory, little renown and perhaps very little credit given to them, but I think the house and this committee should know that they are carrying on a very important work for the defence of Canada and the empire.
In respect to the joint air training plan, so much has been said about it that I hardly think it is necessary for me to go into the details of it here. The full plan is now in operation. Perhaps I might give a very short summary of the situation.
The parties to the agreement are the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia and New Zealand. The date of the agreement was December 17, 1939. I cannot give the number of the annual output of pupils, but I can say that the original plan, which provided for a "blank" number, has now been enlarged to a plan which provides for the production of 25 per cent more. The date of full production originally planned was April 27, 1942. The date of full production of the present plan, with the 25 per cent increase, was reached by December 15, 1941.
We commenced aerodrome construction on April 24, 1940. We commenced training on April 29, 1940, with an intake of 169 pupils. Our first pupils were graduated in November, 1940. I cannot mention the total number of graduates.
The estimated cost of the original plan was $642,000,000. The present plan is estimated to cost $824,000,000, with a United Kingdom contribution in kind estimated at $193,000,000, leaving a balance of $630,000,000. The agreed proportion which Australia is to pay is $51,000,000, and New Zealand, $36,000,000, a total of $87,000,000, and the present estimated balance which Canada will pay is $542,000,000, or just short by $100,000,000 of what the total plan was to cost originally. The actual expenditure up to the present, including commitments up to March 31, 1942, is $447,000,000.
We are now producing to full capacity. We have our schools built, our aerodromes built, and our establishment built in such a way that the output can be increased if necessary. We have only to add further accommodation. We have sufficient training aeroplanes for our training needs at the present time, and we believe that full provision has been made for future supplies. The technical staff is well trained, and we do not appear to be in any danger of being held up on that score. The Joint Training Plan has now achieved twice its objective, and air crew are being turned out in such numbers that not only are the immediate needs being met but we can absorb a surplus in our home war establishment at the present time. We are now presented with the opportunity of giving additional training in Canada by employing our pilots and wireless operators in a way that, will afford them valuable air operating experience under good weather conditions before sending them overseas. As a result of this experience they will be better fitted to undertake more confidently operational training and active service operations in England.