I have obtained some information from the officers of the Department of Transport. The two projects go side by side -the seamen's manning pools and the seamen's training classes.
The manning pools are already in existence. There is a manning pool in operation in Montreal, with accommodation for about S50 seamen; there is a small manning pool in operation at Halifax, where a building is being completed for a much larger pool which is needed at that point; and plans are under way
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to build a manning pool in Vancouver. In the manning pool the seaman who for any reason leaves his ship, or, rather-as many are -is sent out from the old country to fill vacancies in British ships, will go into the pool, where he will be furnished with board and lodging and will receive the pay of his rank in actual service. In other words, he will be in service and ready for assignment to a ship when a vacancy occurs.
The training project is just being put under way. As my hon. friend knows, for a number of years there have been under the Department of Transport training schools for officers. These are located at a number of points across Canada, and they will continue to serve to train officers for the merchant marine. The schools will be expanded1 and brought up to requirements for that service.
Schools for seamen are being established, one near Halifax and one near Kingston. The one at Halifax is to train able-bodied seamen, and the one at Kingston is for the training of stokers, firemen and engine-room workers.
Arrangements have been made so that seamen in training can also be trained in actual service on ships. After a seaman has had
I believe it is-eight weeks' training, a place will be found for him on a merchant ship with more experienced seamen so that he can qualify for an able-bodied seaman's ticket.
The plan for training of seamen will be extended to the Pacific coast as soon as the schools in the east are well under way.
It will be necessary for Canada to man many of the new ships as they come into service. The first ships, those which have already been launched, have been built for British government account, but even of those ships, some have been assigned for operation to the Cunard-White Star company, and one or two have been assigned for operation to the Canadian government merchant marine. Canadian crews will be required for at least some of the ships built for Britain and, of course, for all ships built for or operated by Canadian companies on Canadian account.
My hon. friend asked what is the crew of a merchant ship of that type. The crew amounts to a total of forty-five men. It is the purpose of the schools for merchant seamen, the schools for engine-room seamen, and the schools for officers, to train men rapidly enough to man these boats as they are required.
At the same time we are performing a service for the British government and for non-allied governments in maintaining pools for seamen and in looking after the welfare of seamen while they are in port and not assigned to ships.