For the moment I might refer to two or three of them. On January 1, 1915, there was an incendiary fire at the Roebling plant in Trenton; on January 3, 1915, a mysterious explosion on the SB. Orton in the Erie basin; February, 1915, an attempt to blow up the Vanceboro bridge on the Canadian Pacific railway between Maine and Canada. Werner Horn, a German reserve officer, was arrested and confessed.
On December 12, 1914, the following cipher telegram, No. 357, was sent from Berlin to von Bernstorff:
Secret: The transportation of Japanese troops through Canada must be prevented at all costs if necessary by blowing up Canadian railways. It would probably be advisable to employ Irish for this purpose in the first instance as it is almost impossible for Germans to enter Canada. You should discuss the matter with the military attache. The strictest secrecy is indispensable.
This was followed on January 3, 1915, by a second cipher telegram to the ambassador:
Secret: The general staff is anxious that vigorous measures should be taken to destroy the Canadian Pacific in several places for the purpose of causing a lengthy interruption of traffic. Captain Boehm who is well known in America and who will shortly return to that country is furnished with expert information on that subject. Acquaint the military attache with the above and furnish the sums required for the enterprise.
Werner Horn pleaded guilty to blowing up the international bridge at Vanceboro, Maine, and was sentenced to the federal penitentiary at Atlanta, Georgia.
Another bomb plot prepared against Canada in the United States at the instigation of the attache was an attempt to blow up the Peabody Overall Company's factory in Walker-ville, Ontario. The German-Washington authorities operated through an agent, Kaltschmidt, who was paid $25,000. They used a willing tool named Lefler, who planted dynamite and attached a time clock. At the same time they set another charge in the rear of the Windsor armouries in which Canadian troops were billeted. The factory bomb exploded; the one at the armouries failed to go off. Lefler was arrested and confessed.
The German-Washington authorities then switched their activities against Canada to the German consul-general in San Francisco, by name Franz von Bopp. This plan was to blow up the tunnel on the Canadian Pacific between Revelstoke and Vancouver, and $3,000 was paid to a tool, Koolbergen, for the job. The tunnel was too well guarded, and the plot failed, but Koolbergen confessed and went to prison.
Early in the fall of 1914 a plot to blow up the Welland canal was formulated by von Papen. The idea was to hold back Canadian supplies and troops destined for France. The scheme had to be abandoned, however, because the canal was too well guarded.
Following the German headquarters' instructions contained in the telegram of January 13, 1915, stating that the " General staff is anxious that vigorous measures should be taken to destroy the Canadian Pacific in several places " a scheme was devised to employ Hindu coolies in the Canadian northwest to dynamite Canadian bridges and tunnels, and von Papen personally paid Schulenberg $4,000 to buy a ton of dynamite and fifty rifles to shoot any Canadian guards in the way. Schulenberg bought the dynamite and arranged the plot, but learning of a leak he got cold feet and fled to Mexico City. Arrested later, in December, 1917, and broken down in health, Schulenberg confessed the details of the plot.
The Canadian Car and Foundry Company, Montreal, whose president at the time, since gone, was my good friend W. W. " Ben " Butler, well-known to many hon. members, well-known to the hon. member for St. Law-rence-St. George (Mr. Cahan)-