The figures in the minister's report for the year ended March 31, 1938, are much different from those he has read. There was a difference of five or six in British Columbia, and there were differences all down the line. Are these illustration stations closed from time to time and new ones opened up?
After an illustration station has completed its work, it is closed. For example, a station is set up in some
area to demonstrate how a certain kind of land can be used. In a new section of Saskatchewan with which I am familiar, the growing of alfalfa seed has recently been developed. A few years ago there was no alfalfa seed growing there; the farmers did not think they could grow it. The natural thing is to establish an illustration station where it is found that the land is suitable for the purpose, and to indicate to the people what can be grown and in what manner. When that demonstration is completed and the people are conducting themselves as the department think they should, there is no further necessity and the expenditure is made somewhere else.
May I offer one suggestion? I do not find fault with these illustration stations; they do a great deal of good. The minister, however, might attempt one other thing by way of illustration. I suggest that somewhere in Ontario he set up an illustration station to demonstrate to the farmers how they can conduct their farms on a paying basis. If that were done, more good would be accomplished than by all the other illustrations that can be given the farmers. It is worth trying, because if we are to be taught this and that at stations, and by officials who are experts in their own line, they might be able to demonstrate to the farmers of Ontario and in different parts of the country how to conduct their farms so as to make them pay. It is a burning question in Canada to-day.
I believe the minister said there were eighteen stations in New Brunswick, fifteen in Nova Scotia and thirteen in Prince Edward Island. How many of these are devoting their energies along the line of fox farming?
The work that is being carried on in these particular stations is of a very high class and is having a beneficial effect on that particular industry. The man in charge of the experimental station just outside Summerside as well as the man in charge of the illustration station, I have reason to know, are doing wonderfully good work, and I should like on behalf of the industry to compliment the department upon having such splendid men as these in charge of that particular work. They have taken a real interest in it.
There are twenty illustration stations in Saskatchewan and thirty-one substations which are related to the prairie farm rehabilitation work. These are spread over the drought area. There are fifteen in Alberta and six in Manitoba.