I think we all recognize that the League of Nations did not have the support of the nations. Mr. Woodrow Wilson, who was so largely instrumental in forming the league, could not carry his own country with him. The great nations of England and France for many a year after the war took the stand that Germany must be punished. I do not need to go into all that. There were the forces on the Rhine, the ships that were sunk, the trade that was destroyed and the colonies that were taken. We were out to punish Germany. In my judgment it was the action of the great empires towards Germany that produced Hitler. One thing has led to another. If we had been a little bit stronger in the case of Manchuria, we should not have had the difficulty which to-day exists in China. However, I do not intend to go into these matters; the house has been very patient.
Undoubtedly the league has failed. The league was based on the idea of force. Perhaps centralized force for such a purpose would be preferable to the national armies which are being set up to-day, although I do not think that primarily the league should have been based upon force. However, if the league has failed, why cannot we reconstitute it?