I am glad the Prime Minister (Mr. Mackenzie King) reminded me of one important question I forgot. Yes; I say that too. I have been a most earnest student of this matter of the League of Nations, collective security and all that kind of thing. I may be a little simple; but I have found a number of people who seem to be most ardent advocates of collective security, rather disposed to scorn the other members of the British Commonwealth of Nations, who as far as I can see with my limited vision ought to be the most likely people with whom we could " collect " for collective security. I grant that is only the view of an extremely unimportant layman, but in my blundering way I cannot help reaching some such conclusion.
I continue with another quotation from Major Douglas:
International bankers are, almost to a man, strong advocates of national disarmament
That is a weighty remark. If that is true, it constitutes a sort of handwriting on the wall.
but their bank clerks, alone amongst civilian employees in this country, are armed with revolvers, and the strength of bank premises compares with that of modern fortresses.
I have weighed those words often, and the more I think about them the more I become inclined to national defence. Again he says:
Strength unaccompanied by a motive for aggression is a factor making for peace.
Those words express exactly my opinion. If, then, the Dominion of Canada wishes to be a factor making for peace, above all things let the Dominion of Canada be strong.
The question then arises, Wha-t constitutes strength? Strength does not lie in armaments
or in large standing armies. This truth has been demonstrated many times in the world's history. Strength has its home in the strong hearts of a brave, contented people who feel that their country is a land to love. We in Canada to-day, I regret to say, have not so managed our economic life as to render our people contented and happy. We have not been able bo accord to those heroes whose blood was shed and whose health was sacrificed in the last war, that measure of comfort which we wanted to accord to them. The result is the very state of mind which the hon. member for Rosetown-Biggar outlined, when our youth of to-day contemplate the possibility of going to war. We as social credit people say. and I am sure all hon. members agree, that it is our first duty to make Canada prosperous and economically sound, so that her people may be inclined to love her and ready to die for her as they were in 1914.
But in our modern day if we do not have, in addition to a strong, happy and contented people, the armaments which will enable us successfully to cope with those vast destructive machines which have been perfected, ready to be directed against us, our people are thrown under such a dreadful handicap as to render exceedingly doubtful the possibility of their emerging successfully from a conflict. Consequently, we need both a strong and happy people and adequate defences.
Much of what I am going to say pertains to how to finance these defence estimates. Trusting that my fellow members of the committee will continue to exercise that kind patience which they have thus far exercised, I am going to speak once more about a way in which we can raise money without drawing it from the very lifeblood of the people of this country, without depriving them of the relief and assistance of which so many of them are in desperate need. The Minister of National Defence (Mr. Mackenzie) occupies a position which many times has made me feel the deepest sympathy for him. Before his election he was reported in the press as having said-and from my knowledge of the hon. gentleman's sincerity I am sure he meant it-that he would favour the creation of $500,000,000 of new money. The hon. gentleman meant that. With the character Which I have come to believe the hon. member possesses, I doubt very much that he would have stood for election unless he had assurance that his promise was possible of fulfilment. Consequently. he felt that there was a possibility of creating new money with which to finance
any project which might be found by the government to be desirable. May I revert to his own beliefs, which he expressed and which I am sure he still holds.